Tuesday September 25, 2018

India has one of highest rates of antibiotic resistance

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Kolkata: India has one of the highest rates of antibiotic resistance in the world, said a recent report, stressing on limiting the use of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunisation.

Titled ‘The State of World Antibiotics 2015’, the study conducted by Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP), New Delhi, also shows that in 2010, India was the largest consumer of antibiotics ahead of China and the US.

“MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) resistance rates have remained high in India. Carbapenem resistance has been increasing overtime. Overall, India has one of the highest rates of antibiotic resistance in the world,” Ramanan Laxminarayan, director, CDDEP, and a lead author of the study told IANS on Thursday.

MRSA is a common pathogen responsible for skin and soft tissue infections, severe bloodstream infections, and pneumonia. Carbapenems are considered last-resort antibiotics, used for infections that are resistant to first-, second- and even third-line antibiotics.

The countries consuming the most antibiotics overall in 2010 were India (13 billion Standard Unit (SU)), China (10 billion SU) and the US, (7 billion SU), according to the study.

In terms of human use of antibiotics, the report said the highest rates of increase are in middle-income countries, particularly the BRICS, a trend that is likely to continue as incomes continue to rise.

“BRICS had the greatest upsurge in antibiotic use from 2000 through 2010:68 percent in Brazil, 19 percent in Russia, 66 percent in India, 37 percent in China, and 219 percent in South Africa,” the report said.

Explaining the trends further, Laxminarayan said the increased demand for animal protein and resulting intensification of food animal production is leading to greater use of antibiotics in agriculture, again driving resistance.

“In India, the use of antibiotics in pre-mixed feed for livestock is going up a lot. We are not even aware that antibiotics are going inside our system. The strategy would be to stop use of antibiotics in the pre-mixed feed,” Laxminarayan, also associated with Public Health Foundation of India, elaborated.

Though the Indian Council of Medical Research began setting up the Anti-Microbial Resistance Surveillance Network in 2011, Laxminarayan said surveillance alone is not enough. The key is preventing intake of antibiotics in cases where they are not needed.

“The first step would be to not purchase antibiotics over the counter without a doctor’s prescription. Doctors should also exercise caution while prescribing them,” he said.

(IANS)

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Chinese Smartphone Company Motorola Brings its First Android One Smartphone to India

The smartphone has 16MP+5MP dual rear camera system along with a 12MP front camera

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Motorola's first Android One smartphone now in India. (Wikimedia Commons)

Chinese smartphone company Lenovo-Motorola on Monday launched its first Android One device “Motorola One Power” in India for Rs 15,999.

Android One means the device will have the latest Android version and regular security updates. The device with Android Oreo 8.1 OS comes with 6.2 inch 19:9 Max Vision Full HD+ display.

The device will be available from October 5 on Flipkart.

“The Indian market will be a key focus for us in our value portfolio (Rs 10,000-Rs 20,000),” Prashanth Mani, Managing Director, Motorola Mobility India, told reporters here.

“With this device, stay powered longer with up to two days of battery life so you can watch your favourite movie while travelling and get up to six hours of battery life in just 15 minutes with the included ‘TurboPower’ charge,” the company added.

Motorola
Representational image. (IANS)

There’s a Qualcomm Snapdragon 636 1.8GHz octa-core processor coupled with 4GB RAM and 64GB built-in storage that can be expanded up to 256GB.

The smartphone has 16MP+5MP dual rear camera system along with a 12MP front camera.

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The primary camera comes with integrated Google Lens that helps in recognising and searching about the objects that users come across.

Jio customers can get benefits up to Rs 4,450 (applicable on Rs 198 and Rs 299 plans) while purchasing the device. (IANS)

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