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It’s Official! 2016 is the Newest Warmest Year on record

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NASA Map showing 2016 temperatures around the globe. VOA
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Jan 19, 2017: It’s official. 2016 is the newest warmest year on record.

That’s according to officials from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Record upon record

The information was gathered by NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information and NASA, and they found that for “eight consecutive months, January to August, the globe experienced record warm heat.”

In a press release and teleconference, the two agencies said “with this as a catalyst, the 2016 globally averaged surface temperature ended as the highest since record-keeping began in 1880.”

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On average, the mean global temperature was .99 degrees Celsius above the 20th century mean, just barely beating out 2015, the previous record holder.

“2016 is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series,” said NASA’s Gavin Schmidt. “We don’t expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear.”

He added, “most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001.”

 

NASA Graphic shows rising temperatures since 1880

A few other key findings:

– Sea surface temperature was the highest on record.
– Averaged land surface temperature was the highest on record.
– Arctic sea ice extent for the year was 3.92 million square miles, the smallest annual average since record-keeping began in 1979.
– Antarctic sea ice extent for the year was 4.31 million square miles, the second smallest annual average since record-keeping began in 1979.

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That’s a lot of records. But among all those high temperatures, the most surprising are the huge temperature jumps recorded in the Arctic. According to the NASA data, temperatures in the Arctic averaged as much as 4 degrees Celsius higher than normal, by far the biggest change recorded across the globe.

What it all means

Among other things, the new data shows that the Arctic Ocean is warming at a rate “two to three times faster than the rest of the planet,” according to NOAA climate scientist Deke Arndt.

He referred to the world’s oceans as kind of a heating savings account since the waters are absorbing most of the excess heat that humans are pumping into the atmosphere.

And while some members of the incoming Trump administration have called human-impacted climate change into question, the researchers were clear about one thing: this warming is on us.

“Pretty much all the rises you’re seeing here,” Arndt said, “are the result of human activities.”

The team said they will continue to provide their assessments to the American people.

“Our mission” Arndt noted, “is to describe the state of the climate and our methods on how we got there.”

The researchers say it is likely the average global temperature will stay at least 1 degree above average from now on. Climate scientists say we are on track to hit an average of 2 degrees Celsius above average sometime this century.

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They warn that rise will change the world in potentially devastating ways, including the possibility of more extreme weather events, destabilized coastal communities, altered ecosystems and the potential to create a huge number of climate refugees — victims of drought and flooding.

To keep that from happening, the United States and more than 190 countries signed an agreement in December within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Among its goals are keeping the average global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius, as well as funding and adopting clean-energy technologies. (VOA)

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Aadhaar Helpline Mystery: French Security Expert Tweets of doing a Full Disclosure Tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App

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Google to charge $40 per device to Android makers. Wikimedia Commons

Google’s admission that it had in 2014 inadvertently coded the 112 distress number and the UIDAI helpline number into its setup wizard for Android devices triggered another controversy on Saturday as India’s telecom regulator had only recommended the use of 112 as an emergency number in April 2015.

After a large section of smartphone users in India saw a toll-free helpline number of UIDAI saved in their phone-books by default, Google issued a statement, saying its “internal review revealed that in 2014, the then UIDAI helpline number and the 112 distress helpline number were inadvertently coded into the SetUp wizard of the Android release given to OEMs for use in India and has remained there since”.

Aadhaar Helpline Number Mystery: French security expert tweets of doing a full disclosure tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App, Image: Wikimedia Commons.

However, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommended only in April 2015 that the number 112 be adopted as the single emergency number for the country.

According to Google, “since the numbers get listed on a user’s contact list, these get  transferred accordingly to the contacts on any new device”.

Google was yet to comment on the new development.

Meanwhile, French security expert that goes by the name of Elliot Alderson and has been at the core of the entire Aadhaar controversy, tweeted on Saturday: “I just found something interesting. I will probably do full disclosure tomorrow”.

“I’m digging into the code of the @Google SetupWizard app and I found that”.

“As far as I can see this object is not used in the current code, so there is no implications. This is just a poor coding practice in term of security,” he further tweeted.

On Friday, both the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) as well as the telecom operators washed their hand of the issue.

While the telecom industry denied any role in the strange incident, the UIDAI said that he strange incident, the UIDAI said that some vested interests were trying to create “unwarranted confusion” in the public and clarified that it had not asked any manufacturer or telecom service provider to provide any such facility.

Twitter was abuzz with the new development after a huge uproar due to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman R.S. Sharma’s open Aadhaar challenge to critics and hackers.

Ethical hackers exposed at least 14 personal details of the TRAI Chairman, including mobile numbers, home address, date of birth, PAN number and voter ID among others. (IANS)

Also Read: Why India Is Still Nowhere Near Securing Its Citizens’ Data?