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ITU defines 5G network speed; to be launched during 2018 winter Olympics

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

The International Telecom Union (ITU) has set out a preliminary set of definitions for the fifth generation of mobile networks. In a recent conference held in San Diego from June 10th to 18th, a 12-member delegation decided upon the specifications of this network which is expected to have a speed that would be 20 times faster than the current 4G network.

The group decided that the data speed for the 5G network would be around 20Gbps (Gigabits per second) which is almost 20 times faster than the 4G network which provides a speed of only 1Gbps. With a speed of 20 Gbps, users will be able to download HD movies within seconds and surf the internet faster than ever. A very high resolution of video content and holographic technology via networks can be easily accessed by the users. While Indians are yet to grace the 4G network more widely, the world is already gearing up for the fifth generation. The 5G network is most likely to be named as IMT 2020. However, a huge challenge for this network would be the issue of standardization and bringing together the major telecom operators around the world to settle for a similar set of regulations. The IMT 2020 systems will be designed to deal with a potentially wide range of fields like healthcare, robotics, virtual reality and industrial automation. It is going to significantly transform wire353682less communications as a part of its predicted functioning which is likely to match the speeds and reliability achieved by fiber-optic infrastructure. With instant connectivity and high speed surfing options, 5G network is about to bring in a huge revolution in the telecom sector.

The final confirmation for these specifications will be done in the month of October 2015, after an approval from the 193 member nations of ITU. This 5G network is expected to be rolled out in 2020 commercially, with a prior demonstration of the technology at the 2018 winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. Sources revealed that by 2019, the international spectrum for the 5G network will be distributed across the globe.

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Refugee Communities Can Be Built By Tech Industries

Mikkelsen said the initiative was a win-win as it would also benefit companies by slashing costs.

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Refugees
Congolese families sit at the Kyangwali refugee settlement camp, Uganda, March 19, 2018. A California company is testing an app in Uganda that lets refugees earn money for AI training. VOA

Companies could help refugees rebuild their lives by paying them to boost artificial intelligence (AI) using their phones and giving them digital skills, a tech nonprofit said Thursday.

REFUNITE has developed an app, LevelApp, which is being piloted in Uganda to allow people who have been uprooted by conflict to earn instant money by “training” algorithms for AI.

Wars, persecution and other violence have uprooted a record 68.5 million people, according to the U.N. refugee agency.

People forced to flee their homes lose their livelihoods and struggle to create a source of income, REFUNITE co-chief executive Chris Mikkelsen told the Trust Conference in London.

Rohingya, Myanmar, refugees
Rohingya refugees cross floodwaters at Thangkhali refugee camp in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar district. VOA

“This provides refugees with a foothold in the global gig economy,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation’s two-day event, which focuses on a host of human rights issues.

$20 a day for AI work

A refugee in Uganda currently earning $1.25 a day doing basic tasks or menial jobs could make up to $20 a day doing simple AI labeling work on their phones, Mikkelsen said.

REFUNITE says the app could be particularly beneficial for women as the work can be done from the home and is more lucrative than traditional sources of income such as crafts.

The cash could enable refugees to buy livestock, educate children and access health care, leaving them less dependant on aid and helping them recover faster, according to Mikkelsen.

Rohingya, Myanmar, refugees
Rohingya refugee women wait outside of a medical center at Jamtoli camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. VOA

The work would also allow them to build digital skills they could take with them when they returned home, REFUNITE says.

“This would give them the ability to rebuild a life … and the dignity of no longer having to rely solely on charity,” Mikkelsen told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Teaching the machines

AI is the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence.

It is being used in a vast array of products from driverless cars to agricultural robots that can identify and eradicate weeds and computers able to identify cancers.

Refugees
In this Aug. 27, 1994 file photo, U.S. Coast Guard crew from the cutter Staten Island are hindered by rough seas in the Florida Straits as they attempt to rescue Cuban refugees. VOA

In order to “teach” machines to mimic human intelligence, people must repeatedly label images and other data until the algorithm can detect patterns without human intervention.

REFUNITE, based in California, is testing the app in Uganda where it has launched a pilot project involving 5,000 refugees, mainly form South Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo. It hopes to scale up to 25,000 refugees within two years.

Also Read: Rohingyas Repatriation to Myanmar Scrapped by Bangladesh

Mikkelsen said the initiative was a win-win as it would also benefit companies by slashing costs.

Another tech company, DeepBrain Chain, has committed to paying 200 refugees for a test period of six months, he said. (VOA)