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Journey of Hindi from Dialect “boli’ to Official-National Language ‘rashtrabhasha’

It is officially the country’s first language that is spoken and understood, among all the other Indian languages

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August 27, 2016:

“Language is the armory of the human mind, and at once contains the trophies of its past and the weapons of its future conquests.”
– Samuel Taylor Coleridge

A Language has a paramount importance just not in the terms of exchanging words, but also in terms of sharing  feelings, expressions and beliefs – in the form of words, signs, symbols or sound. It is an important source and means of human communication. But with time, gradual change and development of languages, have become more apparent.

Evolution of any language depends mainly on socialization and interaction. Most interactive languages have evolved rapidly, rather than any isolated language of any particular tribe, that resides distinctly far away, based on the geographical biases. Languages which lack in socialization and interaction, also lack in adapting values and behaviors from other culture as well.

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India is a multi-lingual country, and officially it has 22 languages and Hindi being one of them. It is officially the country’s first language that is spoken and understood by the majority of Indians.

  • Origin of Hindi Language: According to Griysen, Hindi is divided into two- Paschimi Hindi – Shourseni Apbransh and Purvi Hindi – Ardhmagdhi Apbransh. The root of Shourseni Apbhransh is Sanskrit, which came from Aryan language. Shourseni Apbhransh has developed into Khadi Boli, and later to Hindi.

Hindi, being the most interactive and socialized language is coupled with the influence of technology, lifestyle and other languages and culture, is no less far in terms of evolving.

Image source: YouTube
Image source: YouTube

Evolution of Hindi has occurred in numerous forms:

  • Change in writing and speaking: Hindi is written in Devnagri script originated from ‘Bahamani Lipi’, though later in 1935, few corrections in changing of letter’s shapes and use of the verbs took place in “Nagri Lipi Sudhar Samiti” by Kaka Kalelkar. Moreover, nowadays people are more prone to using ‘Bol Ki Bhasha’ or spoken word, rather than, ‘Manak’ or standard Hindi.

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  • Insertion of New Words: Over time, Hindi has been influenced by foreign languages- like Urdu, English, Persian Sanskrit, Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Portuguese, Dravidian Languages and others. Hindi is full of loan words and one will be surprised to know that most of the words that we use in our daily conversation have a foreign origin. Therefore number of words like – Tadbhava (तद्भव/تَدبهَو derived from Sanskrit or Prakrit), Tatsama (तत्सम/تَتسَم identical, derived from Sanskrit), Deshaja (देशज/دیشَج local, derived from Sanskrit).
  • Influence of media: Hindi has got worldwide fame for the influence of media. Social media, film, and television have influenced the writing style of Hindi a lot! People who don’t know how to read or write Hindi to express his feelings in the form of Devnagri script can easily do the same in Roman script. Be it ‘sharyari’ or a film script; use of Roman script in Hindi in nothing new.
  • Popular songs and Advertisements: Exposure of Hindi through songs or adds helps the language to reach out to several people. Nowadays, to make songs appealing and catchy, lyricists and script writers prefer a combination of both Hindi and English and other languages. Due to this, directly or indirectly one comes across the language or gets aware of it. Thus, we can have an idea, how Hindi has evolved with the evolution of time.

– by Riashe Chakraborty from NewsGram. Twitter: @itzriashe

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  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Even though Hindi has a rich history in India, regional languages are still preferred in their respective region, like, Tamil in Tamil Nadu, Telugu in Andhra Pradesh, Bhojpuri in Bihar and they dominate with greater numbers.

  • Islamic Origin Language Hindi

    Hindi has no historic connection to India. It was brought by Islamic marauders and promoted by the British. Its the least Indian language. The government is hell bent on the complete elimination of Indian languages out of India and replacing them all with the Pakistani Islamic origin language Hindi. This is also the very reason why radical Islamic party BJP rejected the Indian language petition.

    • depp

      tu mrega bhai hindi ko gali bakte bakte

      • India4Everyone

        Pakistani language people don’t speak Indian languages, why is that???

  • Kudiyan Sasi

    Hindi is not our national language. It will never be.

SHARE
  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Even though Hindi has a rich history in India, regional languages are still preferred in their respective region, like, Tamil in Tamil Nadu, Telugu in Andhra Pradesh, Bhojpuri in Bihar and they dominate with greater numbers.

  • Islamic Origin Language Hindi

    Hindi has no historic connection to India. It was brought by Islamic marauders and promoted by the British. Its the least Indian language. The government is hell bent on the complete elimination of Indian languages out of India and replacing them all with the Pakistani Islamic origin language Hindi. This is also the very reason why radical Islamic party BJP rejected the Indian language petition.

    • depp

      tu mrega bhai hindi ko gali bakte bakte

      • India4Everyone

        Pakistani language people don’t speak Indian languages, why is that???

  • Kudiyan Sasi

    Hindi is not our national language. It will never be.

Next Story

Narendra Modi Considers Indians in Argentina as Bridge Between Two Nations

Narendra Modi is slated to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Donald Trump on the sidelines of the G20 summit

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Indians in Argentina bridge between two nations: Modi. Wikimedia Commons

Prime Minister Narendra Modi who arrived here to participate in the G20 Summit, sought the help of the Indians in Argentina in strengthening bilateral ties and taking it to a new level by playing the role of a “bridge”, an official statement said on Friday.

Narendra Modi made the remarks on Thursday evening while attending a “Yoga for Peace” event.

The Prime Minister said that there were unlimited possibilities of mutual cooperation between the two countries and “we can avail the benefits of our capabilities in the field of business, pharma, oil, gas, IT and space”.

“The cooperation between the two countries has an ability to create a golden future in sectors of water, land and space. You are all India’s messengers. Your contribution is a bridge which connects both the countries,” Modi said in the event.

Modi said that practices like yoga can further enhance the relationship between the two countries.

“The meaning of Yoga is to unite. Yoga connects us with ‘wellness and happiness’. It led to overcome thousands of kilometres distance between India and Argentina and has been uniting the people of both the countries.”

He invited Indians residing in Argentina and their friends to visit India and understand the country in a vast way.

Narendra Modi App
Prime Minister Narendra Modi (FILE PHOTO)

“All the Indians living in Argentina should come to India with their friends (and participate) in ‘Pravasi Bharatiya Divas’ programme to be organised in Kashi in January 2019. As the Ardh Kumbh will be going on at the same time in Prayagraj, you can observe the Indian culture, the face of a changing India and also a New India on these occasions.”

In the event, Modi said that issues such as global economy, sustainable development, climate change and economic fugitives, which are of interest to the entire global community will come up for discussion at the two-day summit that will begin on Saturday.

The event featured a mass yoga demonstration by 600 people, a song by famous Argentine singer Patricia Sosa, chanting of “Om Namah Shivaya” and a short Indian classical dance performance.

Congratulating “The Art of Living” for organising this event, the Prime Minister said that yoga improves the health of both the mind and body.

Also Read- Filmmaker Karan Johar Launches New Digital Division

Modi also spoke of Argentina’s interest in Indian philosophy, art, music, and dance; and the immense popularity of Argentine football stars, such as Diego Maradona, in India.

The Prime Minister congratulated the Argentine hockey team for winning their first match during the Hockey World Cup held in Odisha.

Narendra Modi is slated to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Donald Trump on the sidelines of the G20 summit. (IANS)