Thursday June 20, 2019

Knowing why cows ‘moo’ will leave you amused for sure

When cows enter into her breeding period, she gets very local. They don’t want to wait around for one so they let bulls know via mooing that they are ready to make calves

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cows are sensitive animals, Wikimwdia commons

Today researchers are trying to formulate what exactly cows are saying when they moo. This helps them to understand more deeply about how cows communicate with each other.

Jared Decker, a cattle geneticist at the University of Missouri says that “I can’t translate cow moos into English, but there are certain times when you can tell when the cattle are communicating with one another.”

AlmKuh_01wiki (1)
Cow ‘moo’, Wikimedia commons

Reasons behind mooing that you will find amusing

  • Finding friends – Cows moo in order to find new friends when they go to a new location. When cows are shifted to a new environment then they moo and figure out their surroundings. Mooing is the way of their investigating. Cows like plain and boring routines but given a chance they also like to explore new lands with their friends.
  • In search of a boyfriend – When cows enter into her breeding period, she gets very local. They don’t want to wait around for one so they let bulls know via mooing that they are ready to make calves.
  • In search of their calf or their mother – When a mother cow is not able to find her calf then she makes a loud, high pitched moo call. When their calves are close a significant decrease in frequency of their moo has been noticed. Calves moo when they need milk and also when they need their mother. Moms and babies recognize each other voices.
  • I’m hungry – Cows moo when they are hungry. This time, their call is for the farmer to give them some hay. They will complain if their stomach is empty.
  • Want to be milked – Cows are very generous animals. They don’t demand anything except for punctual milking schedules. If one is not punctual and goes few hours late then they become all cranky and start mooing telling to hurry up.
  • Time to play – Cows have their playtime. They like to play with other cows. Cows will playfully moo when they are head butting with each other or when they are jumping around.
Exploring lands, Wikimedia ommons
Exploring lands, Wikimedia commons

So be it cow-municating or Com’moo’nicating, we know now why do cows moo.

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-by Pritam

Pritam is pursuing engineering and is an intern at NewsGram. Twitter handle: @pritam_gogreen

  • AJ Krish

    It is quite interesting to know why cows ‘moo’.It is hilarious!

Next Story

Researchers Teaching Artificial Intelligence to Connect Senses Like Vision and Touch

The new AI-based system can create realistic tactile signals from visual inputs

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Artificial intelligence, road infrastructure
The fully-automated system is based on AI-powered object detection to identify street signs in the freely available images. Pixabay

A team of researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have come up with a predictive Artificial Intelligence (AI) that can learn to see by touching and to feel by seeing.

While our sense of touch gives us capabilities to feel the physical world, our eyes help us understand the full picture of these tactile signals.

Robots, however, that have been programmed to see or feel can’t use these signals quite as interchangeably.

The new AI-based system can create realistic tactile signals from visual inputs, and predict which object and what part is being touched directly from those tactile inputs.

Teaching, Artificial Intelligence, Researchers
) A team of researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have come up with a predictive Artificial Intelligence (AI). Pixabay

In the future, this could help with a more harmonious relationship between vision and robotics, especially for object recognition, grasping, better scene understanding and helping with seamless human-robot integration in an assistive or manufacturing setting.

“By looking at the scene, our model can imagine the feeling of touching a flat surface or a sharp edge”, said Yunzhu Li, PhD student and lead author from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).

“By blindly touching around, our model can predict the interaction with the environment purely from tactile feelings,” Li added.

The team used a KUKA robot arm with a special tactile sensor called GelSight, designed by another group at MIT.

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Using a simple web camera, the team recorded nearly 200 objects, such as tools, household products, fabrics, and more, being touched more than 12,000 times.

Breaking those 12,000 video clips down into static frames, the team compiled “VisGel,” a dataset of more than three million visual/tactile-paired images.

“Bringing these two senses (vision and touch) together could empower the robot and reduce the data we might need for tasks involving manipulating and grasping objects,” said Li.

The current dataset only has examples of interactions in a controlled environment.

Teaching, Artificial Intelligence, Researchers
While our sense of touch gives us capabilities to feel the physical world, our eyes help us understand the full picture of these tactile signals. Pixabay

The team hopes to improve this by collecting data in more unstructured areas, or by using a new MIT-designed tactile glove, to better increase the size and diversity of the dataset.

“This is the first method that can convincingly translate between visual and touch signals”, said Andrew Owens, a post-doc at the University of California at Berkeley.

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The team is set to present the findings next week at the “Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition” in Long Beach, California. (IANS)