Tuesday June 25, 2019

Low-cost Drug Can Save lives of 1 in 3 Mothers who will otherwise bleed to Death after Childbirth, especially in India and Africa

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maternity
A pregnant woman (Representative image) Pixabay

A low-cost and widely available drug could save the lives of 1 in 3 mothers who would otherwise bleed to death after childbirth, according to a new study.

Severe bleeding, known as postpartum hemorrhage, or PPH, is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide, killing more than 100,000 women every year. Even for mothers who survive, it is a painful and traumatic experience.

The world’s poorest countries, especially in Africa and India, are the worst hit.

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Drug from 1960s

But there is new hope. In the 1960s, Japanese researchers developed a drug called tranexamic acid, which works by stopping blood clots from breaking down. But they could not persuade doctors to try the drug for treating PPH.

The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine has done just that, in a trial involving 20,000 women in 21 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. The results show tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding to death by almost a third, with no side effects for either mothers or babies.

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Dr. Nike Bello, a consultant obstetrician and gynecologist in Nigeria, said that “if a drug can prevent hysterectomies, a drug can prevent death, a drug can minimize the amount of blood we need, then that is a good thing, all over the world.”

Refinements needed

But there are challenges to getting the drug where it is needed. First, the doctors must know about its effectiveness, said professor Ian Roberts of the London tropical medicine school, who led the latest research.

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“We want everyone to hear about the results,” he said. “But then there are the nitty-gritty issues. Is the treatment available in the hospital? Do doctors and midwives know how to use it? It is heat stable, so it does not have to be kept in the fridge. It is relatively inexpensive — it is about a dollar. And no child should grow up without a mother for lack of a treatment that costs a dollar.”

In the trial, tranexamic acid was given via a drip. Researchers say the next step is to find an easier way to administer the drug so it can be used in clinics and rural settings across the world. (VOA)

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70% of Mothers in India Claim to Use Smartphone For Parenting

Although technology plays an important role in the lives of these mothers, they fear certain aspects of it, the results showed

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Prenatal Interaction With Baby Important For Development
Prenatal Interaction With Baby Important For Development. Pixabay

While eight in 10 mothers in India believe technology has made parenting easier, 70 per cent mothers claim to have used a smartphone for rearing their kids, according to a new survey.

Smartphone is the most widely used device for parenting, but only 38 per cent would recommend it to their family or friends, said the study by YouGov, an Internet-based market research and data analytics firm.

Parenting apps, on the other hand, are one of the most used and recommended products of technology used for parenting by mothers in India, YouGov said on Saturday.

The study showed that even though mothers in India rely heavily on their family and offline support groups for parenting advice, a higher number of young mothers are likely to consult online blogs for related information (50 per cent), compared to older moms (41 per cent).

Although technology plays an important role in the lives of these mothers, they fear certain aspects of it, the results showed. Pixabay

For the survey, YouGov interviewed mothers with children between less than 12 months till up to 18 years of age and then categorised then into two groups — young and old mothers.

Those whose children were between less than 12 months to up to 3 years of age were categorised as young mothers. The researchers collected data from over 700 mothers.

Also Read- Tech-savvy People More Likely to Accept Robot Doctors, Says Study

Although technology plays an important role in the lives of these mothers, they fear certain aspects of it, the results showed.

When it comes to the biggest fear of parenting in a digital age, more than three-quarters of mothers (76 per cent) consider protecting their child from online dangers such as cyber bullying a challenge, the study said. (IANS)