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Menopausal Women likely to Experience an accelerated Decline in Breathing Problems and Fatigue

Menopause brings hormonal changes that have been linked to systemic inflammation, which itself is associated with lung function decline

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Representational image. Wikimedia

London, December 3, 2016: Menopausal women are likely to experience an accelerated decline in lung function, leading to increase in shortness of breath, reduced work capacity and fatigue, a study says.

The researchers found that menopause was more likely to cause restrictive, rather than obstructive, breathing problems.

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Obstructive breathing problems make it difficult to exhale air from the lungs while restrictive breathing problems make it difficult to fully expand the lungs upon inhaling.

“Whether obstructive or restrictive, the decline in lung function may cause an increase in shortness of breath, reduced work capacity and fatigue,” said lead author Kai Triebner from University of Bergen in Norway.

“Symptoms depend upon how much lung capacity is reduced, and a few women may actually develop respiratory failure as a result of this decline,” Triebner said.

For the study – published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine — the researchers analysed data from 1,438 women enrolled in the European Respiratory Health Survey.

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Participants in the study ranged in age from 25 to 48 at enrollment, and none was menopausal when the study began.

They were followed for 20 years and during that time most went through the menopausal transition or became postmenopausal.

The authors said there were several possible explanations for their findings. Menopause brings hormonal changes that have been linked to systemic inflammation, which itself is associated with lung function decline.

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Hormonal changes are also implicated in osteoporosis, which shortens the height of the chest vertebrae and may, in turn, limit the amount of air a person can inhale.

“Women, and their physicians, should be aware that respiratory health might decline considerably during and after the menopausal transition,” Triebner said. (IANS)

  • Maria Jasmine Freeman

    I attest to these findings. I had absolutely no respiratory disorders whatsoever, before menopause-no asthma or allergy, or COPD, and at peri menopause I started having breathing difficulty with a sensation of incomplete lung filling. This progressed into puffing-and-blowing episodes which progressed further into groaning and grunting, peaking into apnea and literal gasping, and opisthotonos posturing, multiply per episode, in multiple episodes per day! Indeed one of my first menopause symptoms was easy fatiguability and cough, even before any menstrual irregularity!
    Estrogens are studded everywhere in a female body, in peripheral muscles but also in the brain. It seems reasonable that estrogen depletion affects not only skeletal chest muscle function but even the respiratory brain centre that controls respiration.
    My menopause was unprecedented, in so many aspects, with nausea and vomiting, severe headaches, electrifying pain, and total invalidation and stupor, and much much more, pointing to marked estrogen deficit, in concordance with the extreme effect on my respiration.
    After already 13 years of hot flashes consummation-on no hormone treatment, my respiratory status has amazingly improved, like many other symptoms, seemingly in parallel with estrogen correction probably at paraovarian sites.
    Expect anything and everything from menopause; it is a great mimic of every disease entity thinkable. After all, a human female body is all hormones, namely estrogens, and depletion of those could potentially cause any manifestation- like was my case!
    Dr Hana Fayyad, pediatrician ( Maria Jasmine Freeman, published author, on menopause).

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  • Maria Jasmine Freeman

    I attest to these findings. I had absolutely no respiratory disorders whatsoever, before menopause-no asthma or allergy, or COPD, and at peri menopause I started having breathing difficulty with a sensation of incomplete lung filling. This progressed into puffing-and-blowing episodes which progressed further into groaning and grunting, peaking into apnea and literal gasping, and opisthotonos posturing, multiply per episode, in multiple episodes per day! Indeed one of my first menopause symptoms was easy fatiguability and cough, even before any menstrual irregularity!
    Estrogens are studded everywhere in a female body, in peripheral muscles but also in the brain. It seems reasonable that estrogen depletion affects not only skeletal chest muscle function but even the respiratory brain centre that controls respiration.
    My menopause was unprecedented, in so many aspects, with nausea and vomiting, severe headaches, electrifying pain, and total invalidation and stupor, and much much more, pointing to marked estrogen deficit, in concordance with the extreme effect on my respiration.
    After already 13 years of hot flashes consummation-on no hormone treatment, my respiratory status has amazingly improved, like many other symptoms, seemingly in parallel with estrogen correction probably at paraovarian sites.
    Expect anything and everything from menopause; it is a great mimic of every disease entity thinkable. After all, a human female body is all hormones, namely estrogens, and depletion of those could potentially cause any manifestation- like was my case!
    Dr Hana Fayyad, pediatrician ( Maria Jasmine Freeman, published author, on menopause).

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Women Working in Night Shifts Are on Higher Risk of Early Menopause

For the study, the team studied more than 80,000 nurses who worked at least in the night shifts in a month for over 22 years in addition to day and evening shifts

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The results in post-menopausal women may not be generalisable to men or younger women. Pixabay

Women who work in night shifts, even occasionally, are at an increased risk of early menopause, which can heighten the possibility of developing cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and memory problems, finds a new study.

The study showed women who had done continued night shifts for 20 months or more in the preceding two years had a nine per cent increased risk of early menopause, the Daily Mail reported. If they had done rotating night shifts for more than 20 years, the risk rose to 73 per cent.

“For women who went through menopause before the age of 45, shift work seemed to be particularly important. This could be due to disruption of their circadian rhythms, stress or fatigue, although more research is needed,” lead author David Stock, from the University of Dalhousie in Canada, was quoted as saying.

Women
Night shifts can raise risk of early menopause: Study. Pixabay

An early menopause could also come from the stress of working late at night, as stress hormones are believed to disrupt sex hormones like oestrogen. This could also increase the chance that a woman stops ovulating, according to the study published in the journal Human Reproduction.

Previous evidence suggests working in ‘high-strain’ jobs and those with ‘difficult schedules’ is linked to earlier menopause.

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For the study, the team studied more than 80,000 nurses who worked at least in the night shifts in a month for over 22 years in addition to day and evening shifts. (IANS)