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No land for Immigrants: Reforms in progress to curb Border Crossing

The figures released by the office for National Statistics puts the net migration to the UK at 330,000 in the year ending March 2015 and the size of the foreign-born population at 8,277,000.

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  • The June 23 referendum by which voters approved Britain exiting the European Union was fueled by escalating costs of entitlements for unauthorized migrants
  • Political leaders are deadlocked how to handle rescued migrants
  • The cost of removing a resident migrant in the United Kingdom has been estimated at £25,000

A survey from Gallup of several years ago reported that about one out of six world’s adults, close to 900 million globally today, would immigrate to developed countries if they had the chance. And 80% of those in the less developed countries who would like to immigrate said they would prefer moving to a more developed country. The United States is the top desired destination with 24% desirability rate followed by Canada, the United Kingdom, and France, with 6% desirability each.

Now that the British people have voted to leave EU, it is hoped that shutting the door would reduce migration. The figures released by the Office for National Statistics puts the net migration to the UK at 330,000 in the year ending March 2015 and the size of the foreign-born population at 8,277,000. A 2007 report by the London School of Economics puts the illegal immigrant population at 670,000 in 2007.

Image Source: telegraph.co.uk

But the governments are in a predicament. The deportation of unauthorized migrants doesn’t come cheap. The cost of identifying, detaining and repatriating large numbers in a legal and humane way are enormous, says the Scroll.in report. The cost of removing a resident migrant in the United Kingdom has been estimated at £25,000.The June 23 referendum by which voters approved Britain exiting the European Union was fueled by escalating costs of entitlements for unauthorized migrants.

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In the United States, the legal procedure lets the unauthorized migrants apprehended at the US/Mexico border to be released and allowed to remain while awaiting immigration hearings. But the cost of simply detaining an unauthorized migrant is also about $100 per day.

Political leaders are puzzled at how to handle rescued migrants. Some people advocate open borders granting people the right to cross borders freely. They argue that it would reduce world poverty and eliminate illegal immigration, human smuggling, risky crossings and deaths of migrants.

Image Source: nationofchange.org

But some are against it and wish to stop unlawful entry by reinforcing border controls with walls, barriers and armed guards and immediate deportations for any who might have entered illegally. They maintain that illegal migration threatens national sovereignty and security, adds the Scroll.in report.

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Government’s effort to discourage likely migrants from attempting illegal border crossings have met with limited success. A new approach to deter the inflow of unauthorized migrants is the EU-Turkey agreement which is viewed by some as bribes, extortion and as a clear violation of international law.

The proposed deal promises Turkey approximately $6.6 billion and visa-free travel in exchange for restricting migrants from reaching Europe through Turkish borders, says the Scroll.in report. EU countries are also funding other less developed countries, such as Libya, Sudan and Eritrea, to deter illegal migration. Additional countries, including Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger and Uganda, also seek funds to deal with illegal immigration.

The illegal migration case is also a major debate in the upcoming US presidential elections. Donald Trump, the Republican Party nominee has vowed, if elected, to order removal of unauthorized migrants by  building a wall along the Mexican/American border and strengthen enforcement to end unlawful entry into the United States and residence. But Hillary Clinton, the Democratic Party nominee wants to push for a comprehensive reform that is founded on an amnesty and a path to citizenship for most undocumented immigrants.

-This report is compiled by a Staff-writer at NewsGram.

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  • Aparna Gupta

    This immigration can create lots of problems. this would really affect the socio, economic and political condition of UK.

  • AJ Krish

    Everyone wants to live the American dream. So many youngsters are eager to go abroad and make a living, hoping that they would become successful and rich. It is only natural that the resident population wants all the opportunities for themselves. With Britain’s population making a clear stand, I believe that all the developed countries would make a move in time.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Immigrants face a difficulty in almost every country. Israelis in Pakistan are accounted as terrorists where as it is nothing like that

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  • Aparna Gupta

    This immigration can create lots of problems. this would really affect the socio, economic and political condition of UK.

  • AJ Krish

    Everyone wants to live the American dream. So many youngsters are eager to go abroad and make a living, hoping that they would become successful and rich. It is only natural that the resident population wants all the opportunities for themselves. With Britain’s population making a clear stand, I believe that all the developed countries would make a move in time.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Immigrants face a difficulty in almost every country. Israelis in Pakistan are accounted as terrorists where as it is nothing like that

Next Story

Award Winning Project Helps In Hunting Illegal Fishing

Illegal fishing and overfishing deplete fish stocks worldwide,

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Fish are seen in a fish market near the canal of Port Said, Egypt, March 18, 2018.
Fish are seen in a fish market near the canal of Port Said, Egypt, March 18, 2018. VOA

Drones guided by artificial intelligence to catch boats netting fish where they shouldn’t were among the winners of a marine protection award on Friday and could soon be deployed to fight illegal fishing, organizers said.

The award-winning project aims to help authorities hunt down illegal fishing boats using drones fitted with cameras that can monitor large swaths of water autonomously.

Illegal fishing and overfishing deplete fish stocks worldwide, causing billions of dollars in losses a year and threatening the livelihoods of rural coastal communities, according to the United Nations.

The National Geographic Society awarded the project, co-developed by Morocco-based company ATLAN Space, and two other innovations $150,000 each to implement their plans as it marked World Oceans Day on Friday.

The aircraft can cover a range of up to 700 km (435 miles) and use artificial intelligence (AI) technology to drive them in search of fishing vessels, said ATLAN Space’s founder, Badr Idrissi.

“Once (the drone) detects something, it goes there and identifies what it’s seeing,” Idrissi told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.

Idrissi said the technology, which is to be piloted in the Seychelles later this year, was more effective than traditional sea patrols and allowed coast guards to save money and time.

From satellites tracking trawlers on the high seas to computer algorithms identifying illegal behaviors, new technologies are increasingly coming to the aid of coast guards worldwide.

The head of a model fish is seen hanging in front a banner during a protest against overfishing outside the European Union Council in Brussels, May 13, 2013.
The head of a model fish is seen hanging in front a banner during a protest against overfishing outside the European Union Council in Brussels, May 13, 2013. VOA

AI allows the drones to check a boat’s identification number, establish whether it is fishing inside a protected area or without permit, verify whether it is known to authorities and count people on board, Idrissi said.

If something appears to be wrong, it can alert authorities.

Other winners were Marine Conservation Cambodia, which uses underwater concrete blocks to impede the use of bottom-dragged nets, and U.S.-based Pelagic Data Systems, which plans to combat illegal fishing in Thailand with tracking technologies.

“The innovations from the three winning teams have the potential to greatly increase sustainable fishing in coastal systems,” National Geographic Society’s chief scientist Jonathan Baillie said in a statement.

Much of the world’s fish stocks are overfished or fully exploited, according the U.N. food agency, and fish consumption rose above 20 kilograms per person in 2016 for the first time.

Fish swim in the Mediterranean sea on the south coast of the Balearic island of Mallorca, Spain.
Fish swim in the Mediterranean sea on the south coast of the Balearic island of Mallorca, Spain. VOA

Alao read: Ancient tooth shows mesolithic ancestors fish plant eaters

Global marine catches have declined by 1.2 million tons a year since 1996, according to The Sea Around Us, a research initiative involving the University of British Columbia and the University of Western Australia. (VOA)