Stockholm, October 19, 2016: Nearly a week after Bob Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature, the prize committee has given up trying to reach the American icon for confirmation, media reported.
“We have stopped trying — we said everything we needed to his manager and friend … but we haven’t heard anything back,” the administrative director of the Swedish Academy Odd Zschiedrich told CNN on Tuesday.
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“We will have the ceremony as usual, he will have the prize even if he is not there…now we are just waiting for information,” he added.
“Right now we are doing nothing. I have called and sent e-mails to his closest collaborator and received very friendly replies,” said Sara Danius, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy on Monday, Xinhua news agency reported.
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On October 13, the very day that Dylan was announced the winner of the prize for “having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition”, he gave a concert in Las Vegas but did not speak a word about the award.
When Dylan performed on the next day in the US city of Coachella, once again he failed to mention the prize, although another band on the same stage congratulated Dylan on winning the award and spoke highly of his achievements.
Dylan’s silence about the Nobel Prize puts a question mark on his appearance at the award ceremony in Sweden scheduled in December.
However, Danius said she is not worried. “If he doesn’t want to come, he won’t come. It will be a big party in any case and the honour belongs to him.”
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But “I think he will show up,” Danius added.
Bob Dylan was born on May 24, 1941 in Minnesota, US.
On May 29, 2012, at the White House in Washington D.C., US President Barack Obama, who called himself a fan, presented Dylan with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which is one of the nation’s highest civilian honours.(IANS)
New Delhi, August 14, 2017: Be it for Competitive Exams, or simply General Knowledge, it’s always good to let your brain know things that matter. Awards, indeed are recognition given to people for their achievements, accomplishments, or contributions in a particular field, therefore it becomes important to know which award holds what purpose, when was it instituted, and when is it given. Here we have compiled a list of all important awards, saving you a part of your time that you would have otherwise wasted sweeping through webpages, searching for the awards one by one.
1. Nobel Prize: The most coveted international award was named after Alfred Bernard Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. The award is given every year on December 10th, which marks the death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel. The Nobel Prize is given to those renowned persons who have made pioneering achievements in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace, Literature, and Economics. Awards for all categories have been given since 1901, except Economics which was instituted in 1967 and first given in 1969.
2. Magsaysay Awards: Named after the former president of Philippines, Ramon Magasaysay, this award was Instituted in 1957. The award is presented every year on August 31, for excellent contributions in journalism, literature, arts, international understanding, community leadership and public service. It is also regarded as the Nobel prize of Asia.
3. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding: The Government of India Instituted this award in in 1965 to honor the work of persons for outstanding contributions to goodwill and international understanding among people around the world.
4. Oscar Awards: The most prestigious award in the world of cinema was instituted in 1929. The Academy of Motion Pictures in USA confers the award annually. Bhanu Athaiya was the first Indian to get an Oscar for his movie ‘Gandhi’, while Satyajit Ray, the first Indian to be awarded with an Oscar for lifetime achievements in Cinema in 1992.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
5. UNESCO Peace Prize: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) presents this award for remarkable contributions for international peace.
6. Pulitzer Prize: Instituted in 1997, this award is conferred annually in the USA, for extraordinary accomplishments in journalism, music and literature. The award is named after the US publisher, Joseph Pulitzer.
7. Right Livelihood Award: Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London, also known as alternate Nobel Award, is given to persons for contributing in the areas of environment and social justice.
8. Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize: Instituted in 1995 by Government of India, following the lines of Nobel prize, It is presented for contributions in maintaining or promoting international peace.
9. UNESCO Human Rights Award: Another award presented by UNESCO every alternate year, for work in the field of Human Rights and its awareness.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
10. Man Booker Prize: Man Booker makes for the highest literary honor to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries. It was instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association following the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.
11. UN Human Rights Award: This award is presented every sixth year by UN for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
12. World Food Prize: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) presents the award for contributions in the field of agriculture and food development.
13. Indira Gandhi Award For International Peace, Disarmament and Development: This award is presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund in India for specialized contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.
14. Bharat Ratna: Bharat Ratna or the highest civilian award of India is presented by the Government of India for rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science, and extraordinary public service. It was instituted in 1954, with C. Rajagopalchari as its first recipient.
15. Padma Vibhushan: The second highest civilian award, coming right after Padma Vibhushan is presented for distinguished services in any field including Government service. The other important civilian awards include, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
16. Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards: Instituted in 1965, these awards are given to scholars for their distinguished works in any of the recognized languages.
17. Sahitya Akademy Awards: Instituted in 1955, these awards are presented to writers for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature.
18. Saraswati Samman: Instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.
19. Vyas Samman: Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given to people for outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.
20. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards: They are presented to the Indian scientists for their exceptionally brilliant performance.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
21. R.D. Birla Award: This award is given in the field of medical sciences.
22. Dhanvantri Award: These awards are given for exceptional performance in medical sciences.
23. Arjuna Awards: The prestigious Arjuna awards, instituted in 1961, are presented by the Youth affairs and Sports Ministry, Government of India, for achievements of players in National Sports.
24. Dronacharya Awards: Instituted in 1985, the award is given by the Sports Ministry, government of India, for excellent coaching in sports and games. It is named after Drona, also known as guru Dronacharya, a character from the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata.
25. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna: It is the highest sporting honor of India, awarded for excellent performance in sports and games. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former prime minister of India. It was instituted in 1992.
26. Gallantry Awards
* Param Vir Chakra: It is the highest award for bravery in India, awarded for displaying valor during wartime.
* Mahavir Chakra: It is the second highest gallantry award after Param Vir Chakra, awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy.
* Vir Chakra: It is the third highest gallantry award, presented for exhibiting bravery in the battlefield.
* Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award, presented for courageous action away from the battlefield.
-prepared by Samiksha Goel of NewsGram. Twitter @goel_Samiksha
Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Bihar in the year 1873
He grew up specializing in medicine and surgery
The doctor is said to have saved millions of lives through curing a viral disease called Kala-Azar
August 22, 2017: A renowned and prominent name in the hall of fame list of Indian scientists is Upendranath Brahmachari who was famous in the field of medicine.
Dr. Brahmachari’s most important work during his lifetime was his discovery of Urea Stibamine, a treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar.
BACKGROUND: Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873. At the time, Bihar and Assam were in shambolic states. But Dr. Brahmachari had a fairly secure growing up phase. His father, Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari, was a famous medical practitioner in the Indian as well as European communities. Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari worked as a physician in East Indian Railways.
Dr. Upendranath did his schooling from Eastern Railway’s Boys High School. He loved math and had excellent academic records. The young genius went on to obtain a Bachelor’s degree with honors in chemistry and mathematics in 1893 from Hooghly Mohsin College. Further, Brahmachari did polymath. He got a Master’s degree in medicine from Kolkata’s Presidency College. His Ph.D. was a thesis on ‘Haemolysis’ which he earned in 1904.
CAREER: Upendranath Brahmachari began his career as a doctor in Kolkata under Sir Gerald Bomford. Impressed by the talent, in 1901 Sir Bomford offered Brahmachari, who was 27 at the time, to teach physiology in Dacca Medical School.
Later in 1905, Brahmachari was appointed as a teacher in medicine and physician at Kolkata’s Campbell Medical School. This is where Dr. Brahmachari made some of his remarkable and outstanding discoveries, most notably, the discovery of Urea Stibamine.
This discovery was to become a significant treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar. Kala-Azar is a disease strictly limited to the Mediterranean as well as South Asian nations. Sand flies are known to transmit this disease. Various characteristics broadly include irregular fever, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen. Kala-Azar was known as the second largest parasitic killer of the world, followed by Malaria.
A treatment for Kala-Azar existed at the time but it was not helping the rapid death rates due to the disease. Dr. Brahmachari had been devoting his time to finding a treatment that had little to no disadvantages but could not come up with anything.
In 1919, his breakthrough came knocking at the door. The Indian Research Fund Association had granted resources to Brahmachari for conducting more in-depth research for the treatment of the disease. With this help, in his Campbell Medical School lab, the Doctor discovered Urea Stibamine.
Kala-Azar today is a rare disease only present in a handful of remote places. Especially in Assam where the disease thrived, many lives were saved.
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari instantly became a popular figure in the Indian science academia. His discovery was now successfully incorporated into the growing scientific knowledge in medicine. His masterpiece “Treatise on Kala-Azar” became an essential reference reading in medicine. Moreover, his other works include treatment of malaria, dermal leishmaniasis, quartan fever, blackwater fever, and more.
Brahmachari retired in 1927 but continued to participate in Kolkata’s cultural and humanitarian activities. He stayed connected to all literary and scientific organizations in Kolkata.
Achievements: The World’s Second Blood Bank which was formed in Kolkata was driven by the efforts of Dr. Brahmachari. He was also the Head of Department for Biochemistry in Kolkata’s University College of Science, where he was also the Honorary Professor of Biochemistry.
The Asiatic Society of Bengal awarded Upendranath Brahmachari with ‘Sir William Jones Medal’. He was also awarded the Griffith Memorial Prize by the University of Kolkata. The Kolkata School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene awarded the Doctor a Minto Medal.
He became the first Indian to be elected as the chairman of Managing body of Kolkata Branch of the Indian Red Cross Society.
For his numerous contributions to science, he was awarded the title of Rai Bahadur in 1924. The same year, Brahmachari was also awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal.
In the year 1929, the famous scientist was honored with being nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine and almost won India the first Nobel Prize in the category, however, it was won by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Christiaan Eijkman for their detailed work on vitamins. Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.
Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari’s name comes along with Satyendra Nath Bose as two main figures during the Bengal Rennaissance.
Death: On 6th February 1946, Brahmachari passed away aged 72. For his contributions to the Kolkata society’s well-being, the Kolkata Municipal Corporation changed the name of Loudon street to D.R UN Brahmachari Street.
– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394
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Depending on the location, the proliferation of IS has drawn varied resistance from the Afghan military, U.S. air support and ground troops, local militias, Taliban forces and other militant groups
Afghan army planes on Wednesday night accidentally air dropped vital supplies of food and water to IS militants in the Darzab district of northern Jouzjan province instead of to their own besieged troops
In the Tora Bora area, where IS has made a strong stand in recent days, local villagers and militias joined with Taliban to rout IS
June 25, 2017: The Islamic State group is rapidly expanding in parts of Afghanistan, advancing militarily into areas where it once had a weak presence and strengthening its forces in core regions, according to Afghan and U.S. officials.
Depending on the location, the proliferation of IS has drawn varied resistance from the Afghan military, U.S. air support and ground troops, local militias, Taliban forces and other militant groups.
Attacking IS has become such a priority in the country, that disparate forces sometimes join together in the ad-hoc fight, with Afghan and U.S. forces finding themselves inadvertently supporting the enemy Taliban in battling IS.
Confusion leads to mistakes
All too often, officials say, mistakes are made due to confusion on the ground.
Afghan army planes on Wednesday night accidentally air dropped vital supplies of food and water to IS militants in the Darzab district of northern Jouzjan province instead of to their own besieged troops, provincial police chief, Rahmatullah Turkistani told VOA. The supplies were meant to help Afghan forces that are countering twin attacks by IS and Taliban militants but were used instead by IS.
“It’s not getting better in Afghanistan in terms of IS,” U.S. Chief Pentagon Spokeswoman Dana White told VOA this week. “We have a problem, and we have to defeat them and we have to be focused on that problem.”
Reinforcements for the IS cause reportedly are streaming into isolated areas of the country from far and wide. There are reports of fighters from varied nationalities joining the ranks, including militants from Pakistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Russia and Central Asian neighbors.
Still, the Islamic State-Khorasan (ISK) as IS is known in Afghanistan remains a fragmented group composed of differing regional forces with different agendas in different parts of the country.
“IS-K is still conducting low-level recruiting and distribution of propaganda in various provinces across Afghanistan, but it does not have the ability or authority to conduct multiple operations across the country,” a recent Pentagon report said. But where it operates, IS is inflicting chaos and casualties and causing confusing scenarios for disparate opponents.
In the Tora Bora area, where IS has made a strong stand in recent days, local villagers and militias joined with Taliban to rout IS. IS regained ground after a few days, leading to U.S. military air attacks on IS positions in conjunction with Afghan intelligence instructions and army operations.
IS fighters reportedly have fled from mountain caves of Tora Bora, where al-Qaida’s leader Osama bin Laden hid from U.S. attack in 2001.
IS fighters were also reportedly advancing in neighboring Khogyani district, displacing hundreds of families, according to district officials. It is one of several areas in Nangarhar province, near the Pakistani border, where IS has been active for over two years.
Fierce clashes in the Chaparhar district of Nangarhar last month left 21 Taliban fighters and seven IS militants dead, according to a provincial spokesman. At least three civilians who were caught in the crossfire were killed and five others wounded.
“IS has overpowered Taliban in some parts of Nangarhar because the Taliban dispatched its elite commando force called Sara Qeta (Red Brigade) to other parts of the country, including some northern provinces to contain the growing influence of IS there,” Wahid Muzhda, a Taliban expert in Kabul, told VOA.
IS has also expanded in neighboring Kunar province, where, according to provincial police chief, it has a presence in at least eight districts and runs a training base, where foreign members of IS, train new recruits.
Hundreds of miles from Nangarhar, IS is attempting to establish a persistent presence in several northern provinces where it has found a fertile ground for attracting militants and recruiting unemployed youths, mostly between the age of 13 and 20.
IS has been able to draw its members from the Pakistani Taliban fighters, former Afghan Taliban, and other militants who “believe that associating with or pledging allegiance” to IS will further their interests, according to the Pentagon report.
Hundreds of militants have joined IS ranks in northern Jouzjan and Sar-e-Pul province where local militant commanders lead IS-affiliate groups in several districts.
Qari Hekmat, an ethnic Uzbek and former Taliban militant who joined IS a year ago, claims to have up to 500 members, including around 50 Uzbek nationals who are affiliated with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) — previously associated with al-Qaida and Taliban in Afghanistan.
IS and Taliban are reportedly fighting over the control of Darzab district in Jouzjan which they stormed this week from two different directions and besieged scores of government forces. The Taliban has reportedly captured the center of the district while IS militants control the city outskirts.
Afghanistan faces a continuing threat from as many as 20 insurgent and terrorist networks present or operating in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region, including IS, the Pentagon said.
“In areas where the government has limited influence and control, IS attempts to emerge and expand there,” Ateequllah Amarkhail, an analysts and former Army general in Kabul told VOA.
IS has also claimed responsibility for several recent attacks in urban areas, however, with a hit-and-hide strategy that is proving effective. And it is engaging too in more skirmishes with U.S. forces that initially were sent to the country to help Afghan forces halt the spread of Taliban.
Three American service members based in eastern Afghanistan were killed in April during operations targeting IS militants, according to the Pentagon.
“ISIS-K remains a threat to Afghan and regional security, a threat to U.S. and coalition forces, and it retains the ability to conduct high-profile attacks in urban centers,” the Pentagon said. (VOA)