Thursday, April 22, 2021
Home Lead Story Research: False Memories Can Be Reversed

Research: False Memories Can Be Reversed

Along with two true events, which had actually happened, participants were persuaded by their parents that all four events were part of their autobiographical memory

A team of researchers has found that rich false memories of autobiographical events can be planted — and then reversed.

The study, published in the journal Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, highlights techniques that can correct untrue recollections without damaging true memories.

According to Hartmut Blank from the University of Portsmouth, “believing, or even remembering something that never happened may have severe consequences”.

Follow NewsGram on Instagram to keep yourself updated.

In police interrogations or legal proceedings, for instance, it may lead to false confessions or false allegations, and it would be highly desirable, therefore, to reduce the risk of false memories in such settings.

False Memories
Researchers took a significant step forward in this study by discovering interview methods that can help people erase false memories. Pixabay

“In this study, we made an important step in this direction by identifying interview techniques that can empower people to retract their false memories,” said Blank.

For the study, the researchers recruited 52 participants for a study on ‘childhood memories and with the help of parents, implanted two false-negative memories that definitely didn’t happen, but were plausible. For example, getting lost, running away, or being involved in a car accident.

Along with two true events, which had actually happened, participants were persuaded by their parents that all four events were part of their autobiographical memory.

The participants were then asked to recall each event in multiple interview sessions. By the third session, most believed the false events had happened, and — similar to previous research — about 40 percent had developed actual false memories of them.

False Memories
The participants involved in this study were asked to recall each event in multiple interview sessions. Pixabay

The researchers then attempted to undo the false memories by using two strategies.

The first involved reminding participants that memories may not always be based on people’s own experience, but also on other sources such as a photograph or a family member’s narrative. They were then asked about the source of each of the four events.

ALSO READ: Study: Popular Processed Foods May Harm The Immune System

The second strategy involved explaining to them that being asked to repeatedly recall something can elicit false memories. They were asked to revisit their event memories with this in mind.

The result showed that “by raising participants’ awareness of the possibility of false memories, urging them to critically reflect on their recollections and strengthening their trust in their own perspective, we were able to significantly reduce their false memories. Moreover, and importantly, this did not affect their ability to remember true events”. (IANS/KB)



Most Popular

All In The Mind: The State Of Mental Health In Corporate India

A study highlighting the role of the workplace in causing, furthering, and perpetuating mental illness, launched by Gi Group India, a leading human capital...

Instagram’s New Feature To Protect People From Abusive DMs

Facebook-owned Instagram on Wednesday announced a new feature to protect people from seeing abusive direct messages (DMs), as well as the ability to prevent...

Spiritual Power To Guard: Devotees Of Lord Ram Spread Message Of Covid19 Norms

In the wake of Bengaluru witnessing an unprecedented surge in Covid cases since the last month, devotees of Lord Ram wore costumes of Ram,...

Know What Lies Behind Tehreek-e-Labaik Pakistan’s Challenge To The State?

Pakistan's government has been put under a severe challenge and test by an Islamist party, which has wreaked havoc in the country this week...

Religious Hardliners Bring Pakistan Govt To A Standstill

The current ruling government of Pakistan, led by Prime Minister Imran Khan, may have come with a vision of progress and open-mindedness to create...

Football And Its Evolution

By- Khushi Bisht Football, also known as soccer, has a long and illustrious history. According to a global study conducted by FIFA, over 250 million...

Nikola Tesla: A Man Ahead Of His Time

BY- JAYA CHOUDHARY When discussing the greatest inventors of all time, Nikola Tesla is sometimes overlooked in history lessons at school. We often hear names...

The Best Documentaries You Can Watch On The Internet Today

By Nauman Abrar As children, most of us disliked documentaries because they were long, boring, very close to reality, and based on the truth. That...

Recent Comments