Damascus, November 7, 2016: At least six children were killed on Sunday when shells fired by Syrian government forces slammed into a kindergarten school building in a rebel-held suburb near the capital Damascus, authorities said.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the shells slammed into the kindergarten while the children were reportedly playing in the school yard in the rebel-held suburb of Harasta, Xinhua news agency reported.
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Harasta, one of the key rebel-held areas near Damascus, is adjacent to the international road connecting Damascus with central and northern Syria.
The rebels in Harasta have repeatedly fired sniper shots at passenger buses on the international highway, prompting the government to assign a sub-road for passengers to avoid passing the area. (IANS)
Kids in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are receiving an excessive amount of antibiotic prescriptions that could harm the children’s ability to fight pathogens as well as increase antibiotic resistance worldwide, warns a new study.
Children in these countries received 25 antibiotic prescriptions through age five – a “remarkable” estimate, given that two antibiotic prescriptions per year is considered excessive in many high-income settings, said the study published in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
“We knew children in LMICs are sick more often, and we knew antibiotic prescription rates are high in many countries. What we did not know was how these elements translate into actual antibiotic exposure – and the results are rather alarming,” said lead author of the study Gunther Fink from Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), Basel, Switzerland.
Antimicrobial resistance is one of today’s biggest threats to global health and development, according to the World Health Organization.
One factor contributing to this global health threat is the excessive use of antibiotics worldwide.
The research team from Swiss TPH and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in the US analysed data from 2007-2017 from health facilities and household surveys from eight countries: Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Results showed that antibiotics were administered in 81 per cent of cases for children with a respiratory illness, in 50 per cent for children with diarrhoea, and in 28 per cent for children with malaria.
The researchers found that the number of antibiotic prescriptions in early childhood varied from country to country.
While a child in Senegal received approximately one antibiotic prescription per year in the first five years of life, a child in Uganda was prescribed up to 12.