Thursday February 22, 2018
Home World Stars on shou...

Stars on shoulders, blood on hands: Nigerian army accused of 8,000 murders

0
//
128
Republish
Reprint

army

Abuja: Human rights watchdog Amnesty International on Wednesday denounced the death of 8,000 people at the hands of the Nigerian army during the struggle with Boko Haram in the north of the country, calling the murders war crimes and possible crimes against humanity.

In a report entitled “Stars on their Shoulders, Blood on their Hands: War Crimes Committed by the Nigerian Military,” released on Wednesday here, Amnesty collected testimonies and case-files documenting the use of torture, extrajudicial executions and arbitrary detention of thousands of young people and children in the chaos following Boko Haram.

After the attacks of Boko Haram in the northeast stronghold of the terrorists, the army often launched “mop-up”, during which most of the killing took place.

“The highest levels of Nigeria’s military command, including the chief of army staff and chief of defence staff, were regularly informed of operations conducted in northeast Nigeria,” the report claimed.

The most serious case documented by the NGO took place on March 14, 2014 when the army killed more than 640 detainees who had fled the Giwa barracks after a terrorist attack.

An army veteran testified to orders he had received: “Soldiers go to the nearest place and kill all the youths. People killed may be innocent and not armed,” he told Amnesty.

According to the report, since 2009 at least 20,000 young people were arrested including children as young as nine years, and in most cases the arrests were arbitrary, since “almost none of those detained have been brought to court”.

The conditions in which the detainees were held were also discussed in the report: “Sometimes we drank people’s urine, but even the urine you at times could not get,” a former detainee told Amnesty.

“Hundreds have been killed in detention either (by soldiers) shooting them or by suffocation,” an official told the NGO.

The organisation called for an investigation to hold those responsible accountable, whether soldiers, mid-level or senior officers in the army.

“We call on newly-elected President Buhari to end the culture of impunity that has blighted Nigeria and for the African Union and international community to encourage and support these efforts.” (IANS)

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2015 NewsGram

Next Story

Over 100 ‘Chibok Girls’ Rescued From Boko Haram Militants Restart Education in Nigeria

The abductions had sparked worldwide outrage and a "Bring Back Our Girls" movement that gained supporters in the United States, including then-first lady Michelle Obama.

0
//
42
Boko Haram
Chibok girls entertain guests during their send-forth dinner at A Class garden in Abuja, Nigeria. The girls will commence a special foundation program at American University of Nigeria Yola .VOA

Nigeria, September 21, 2017 : More than 100 ”Chibok girls” released by Boko Haram militants, have begun a new phase of their lives. They have started taking classes at the American University of Nigeria after months of rest and recovery under the care of the Nigerian government.

The girls had been expected to start at the university in the city of Yola early next month, and the government threw them a send-off party last week at their rehabilitation center in the capital, Abuja; but, the chairman of the Chibok parents’ association, Yakubu Nkeki, said the start date was moved up because the school year had already begun.

Boko Haram
Some of the 106 girls who were kidnapped by Boko Haram militants in the Nigerian town of Chibok, are seen dancing joyfully during the send-forth dinner in Abuja, Nigeria, Sept. 13, 2017. (VOA)

“I went with them to the school until they were handed over to the school authority,” Nkeki told VOA’s Hausa service on Tuesday. “Since the school has already started, it was decided that it is best for them to go straight to school so they don’t miss too many classes. They were already starting late.”

At the send-off party, the minister for women’s affairs and social development, Hajia Jummai Alhassan, said the girls will start remedial classes at AUN to prepare them for undergraduate studies in any field of their choice, to be paid for by the federal government.

Boko Haram
Some of the gifts packaged to be given to the 106 girls who were kidnapped by Boko Haram militants in the Nigerian town of Chibok, are seen during the send-forth dinner in Abuja (VOA)

AUN was already educating 24 girls who escaped Boko Haram shortly after the Islamist radical group, notorious for killing thousands of Nigerians, kidnapped more than 250 students from a secondary school in the Borno state town of Chibok in April 2014.

The abductions sparked worldwide outrage and a “Bring Back Our Girls” movement that gained supporters in the United States, including then-first lady Michelle Obama.

The girls who entered the university this week spent 30 to 37 months in Boko Haram captivity before the militants released them in two groups, in October 2016 and May 2017, following negotiations with the Nigerian government.

U.S. Representative Frederica Wilson (D-Fla.), an early supporter of Bring Back Our Girls, met the girls in Abuja shortly before they left the city and told VOA the former captives generally seemed to be in good shape; but, she said that according to the girls’ caretakers, this followed a long period of medical treatment and psychological therapy.

Boko Haram
In this file photo taken from video released by Nigeria’s Boko Haram terrorist network, May 12, 2014, shows missing girls abducted from the northeastern town of Chibok. (VOA)

“Can you imagine being held captive with terrorists, men who frighten you every single day for three years? When you are released, you are not normal, your psyche is not too good. They had to debrief them and help them,” Wilson told VOA.

Wilson said she was told that some girls are also recovering from bullet wounds, machete wounds and snake bites.

ALSO READ Boko Haram Refugees Raped by Nigerian Troops and Police, says Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Wilson said that contrary to some reports, the girls have seen their families since being released; but, she endorsed the government’s decision to keep the girls together in rehab instead of returning them to their homes.

“Because these girls had been together so long, to separate them would have traumatized them in my estimation. I think the decision to keep them together was the best thing they could have done,” she said.

More than 100 girls from Chibok remain in Boko Haram captivity, three-and-a-half years after they were taken.

At the send-off party, Women’s Affairs Minister Alhassan expressed optimism the rest of the girls will be freed.

“I assure you that by the grace of God, we will have our remaining girls released,” she said. (VOA)