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Steep rise in Female American Jihadists’ involvement in Terror Activity in the Last Five Years, says a Recent Study

Jihadism is an Islamist militant movement "rooted in Islam" and "existentially threatening" to the West.

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December 6, 2016: The researchers of George Washington University Programme have stated that there is an increase in the role of female American jihadists involved in terror activity in the last five years. And, they use social media for communication. A steep increase in the participation of American jihadi women has been recorded where American women are seen choosing the path of becoming jihadists. A research paper “Cruel Intentions: Female Jihadists in America,” was released on Thursday, almost exactly a year after Pakistani national Tashfeen Malik and her Pakistani-American husband, Syed Rizwan Farook, shot 14 people at a holiday party in San Bernardino in the US.

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“The couple’s path to radicalisation is still the subject of an ongoing FBI investigation, but Malik’s active role in carrying out the plot was a shock to many who categorise extremist women as taking an auxiliary role in jihad,” said Audrey Alexander, Program on Extremism research fellow and author of the new paper.

American women have found to be working as travelers, plotters, and supporters in the scheme. Audrey Alexander has been recorded to say that, ” This report refutes the misconception that women are naively duped into participation or are depraved instigators of violence. By presenting comprehensive accounts of female jihadist activities, we can see that they are an evolving threat even though they are not the most prominent or visible proponents of jihadi ideology,” The study said that women were usually found to be working alone on these projects but were also found working in a romantic union, with their siblings or friends too.

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Women participate in both online and offline missions but are mostly seen working through online mediums. Lorenzo Vidino, the director of the GW Program on Extremism says, ” The increasing involvement of women in jihadi groups is a global phenomenon. Even though women rarely perpetrate violence, their diverse contributions advance and sustain the jihadi movement in the US and abroad.”

The report concluded on the note that it is important for policymakers to offer alternatives to arrest and emphasize that de-radicalization and prevention are necessary steps to countering violent extremism by women, particularly in instances where individuals engage with the ideology but do not break the law or become violent.

prepared by Shambhavi Sinha of NewsGram with PTI inputs. Twitter:  @shambhavispeaks

 

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Aadhaar Helpline Mystery: French Security Expert Tweets of doing a Full Disclosure Tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App

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Google, Facebook face greater scrutiny in Australia. Wikimedia Commons

Google’s admission that it had in 2014 inadvertently coded the 112 distress number and the UIDAI helpline number into its setup wizard for Android devices triggered another controversy on Saturday as India’s telecom regulator had only recommended the use of 112 as an emergency number in April 2015.

After a large section of smartphone users in India saw a toll-free helpline number of UIDAI saved in their phone-books by default, Google issued a statement, saying its “internal review revealed that in 2014, the then UIDAI helpline number and the 112 distress helpline number were inadvertently coded into the SetUp wizard of the Android release given to OEMs for use in India and has remained there since”.

Aadhaar Helpline Number Mystery: French security expert tweets of doing a full disclosure tomorrow about Code of the Google SetUP Wizard App, Image: Wikimedia Commons.

However, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommended only in April 2015 that the number 112 be adopted as the single emergency number for the country.

According to Google, “since the numbers get listed on a user’s contact list, these get  transferred accordingly to the contacts on any new device”.

Google was yet to comment on the new development.

Meanwhile, French security expert that goes by the name of Elliot Alderson and has been at the core of the entire Aadhaar controversy, tweeted on Saturday: “I just found something interesting. I will probably do full disclosure tomorrow”.

“I’m digging into the code of the @Google SetupWizard app and I found that”.

“As far as I can see this object is not used in the current code, so there is no implications. This is just a poor coding practice in term of security,” he further tweeted.

On Friday, both the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) as well as the telecom operators washed their hand of the issue.

While the telecom industry denied any role in the strange incident, the UIDAI said that he strange incident, the UIDAI said that some vested interests were trying to create “unwarranted confusion” in the public and clarified that it had not asked any manufacturer or telecom service provider to provide any such facility.

Twitter was abuzz with the new development after a huge uproar due to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman R.S. Sharma’s open Aadhaar challenge to critics and hackers.

Ethical hackers exposed at least 14 personal details of the TRAI Chairman, including mobile numbers, home address, date of birth, PAN number and voter ID among others. (IANS)

Also Read: Why India Is Still Nowhere Near Securing Its Citizens’ Data?