Wednesday December 19, 2018

Swachh Bharat: 10 Steps that will make “Clean India” Campaign Successful

“Is cleaning only the responsibility of the karamcharis? Do citizens have no role in this? We have to change this mindset.” – Narendra Modi

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A garbage dump. Pixabay.
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Swachh Bharat Mission

November 30, 2016: We never back down from boasting about our well-kept houses but somehow we always fail miserably from keeping our environment clean. Today, the cleanliness of our country is one of the most concerning issues. The roads are always filthy and the rivers which are religiously pious and pure have been rendered poisonous. It is the duty of the municipal corporation to maintain the cleanliness of the cities but it is also our social responsibility too. It is true that we need to be the change that we want to see around us. There are a million approaches to this problem, but here are a few steps which can help us embark on the journey towards a Swachh Bharat.

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Environmental awareness and plantations For Swachh Bharat

Every educational institution must educate the society about the importance of the environment in today’s world. Everyone should be taught how to keep their environment clean and maintain proper hygiene.

Deforestation is one of the major reasons of pollution today and therefore, more tree plantations should be encouraged.

Appropriate disposal of garbage For Swachh Bharat

Call it negligence or laziness but we keep disposing our garbage at the spot we are on the streets. We need to stop this littering and keep the streets, woods, water bodies and our surroundings clean. Make it a habit to properly dispose the garbage into dustbins and also encourage others to do it.

Megastar Amitabh Bachchan’s View On Swachh Bharat

Sorting your garbage For Swachh Bharat

We think that the sorting different types of garbage are a tedious task. On the contrary, it actually is the most effective way of garbage disposal. All we need to do is sort our dustbins into two categories, biodegradable and non-biodegradable and dump the waste accordingly. We can help others around to implement this too. By doing this we can reuse certain non-biodegradable waste or dispose of it safely to prevent soil pollution.

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Hygiene

The spreading of diseases can be reduced if we maintain hygiene both indoors and outdoors it, in turn, helps in destroying the breeding spots for mosquitoes, rats, and many other pathogen carriers. “Diarrhea is a leading killer of children, accounting for 9 percent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide,” says UNICEF according to Make a Change. Dirty hands are one of the main reasons for the spread of diseases and everyone should clean their hands properly especially before eating.

Reusing and Recycling

Reusing and recycling are two huge leaps towards a clean environment. We need to find alternative uses for old and redundant objects. We also need to recycle objects which cannot be disposed of so that it does not affect the surroundings in any way.

Say NO to plastic For A Swachh Bharat

Plastic is poisonous for our environment. Being non-biodegradable it does not break down in the soil and hence, needs to be disposed of properly. If ingested, it can kill animals and also poisons our food if not disposed of properly. Therefore, we need to cut down the usage of plastic bags and always dispose of them in dustbins.

Consume what you need

Things we need and we want are different. The question is not how much can you pay for what you consume but how much is left over on this planet for an individual and how much can be consumed. Extreme exploitation of resources will lead to their depletion. Hence, we need to consider the planet’s future and make our decisions.

Water care

Water is the most valuable resource on this planet and sustains all life on Earth. The per capita availability has been on the decline in India. The rise in the population and the depletion of potable water due to pollution are the biggest reasons for the decline. Rainwater harvesting is the best way of making water available in the surroundings as water is the driving force of life, agriculture and many industries. Another option to reduce water consumption and wastage are to recycle using appropriate water treatment.

Reduce carbon footprints

Carbon Footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gasses released into the atmosphere as a result of the actions of an individual, organization or community.

We need to use energy efficient products and limit the usage of air conditioners, water heaters, dishwashers or thermostats. We need to keep our carbon footprints in control to control the greenhouse effect.

Also Read: What Sachin Tendulkar Has To Say On “Swachh Bharat – Swasth Bharat

Air pollution

Burning garbage might seem like an easy way to dispose garbage but we fail to realize that we release a lot of toxins into the air surrounding us. Some vehicles which have not been serviced regularly and properly also burns a lot of fuel and results in air pollution. Using public transport reduces the number of vehicles on the roads and hence, decreases air pollution.

We need to implement this in our daily life and make it a part of our routine. Only by doing so we will be able to keep our country clean otherwise, we will be leading to an environmental dystopia.

List Of Worst Performing States Under The Swachh Bharat Mission | Time To Be The Change For “Swachh Bahrat”

-prepared by Shivam Thaker of NewsGram. Twitter: @Shivam_Thaker

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Researchers Look for Alternatives To Chemical Fertilizers for a Cleaner Environment

Too many nutrients in the water leads to poor water quality by causing hazardous algal blooms.

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Fertilizers
A farming woman spreads fertilizer in a paddy field. Flickr

Fertilizer is made of nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus. Chemical fertilizers require huge amounts of energy to produce. But there are other, natural and more readily available sources.

The University of Michigan, with support from the National Science Foundation, is working at making our water cleaner, and our agriculture more sustainable, by capturing one of those sources, rather than flushing it down the toilet.

On a hot summer afternoon near Brattleboro, Vermont, farmer Dean Hamilton has fired up his tractor and is fertilizing his hay field — with human urine.

It takes a bit of time to get used to, says environmental engineer Nancy Love.

“I’ve been surprised at how many people actually get beyond the giggle factor pretty quickly,” she said, “and are willing to listen.”

Fine-tuning the recycling

Rich Earth Institute, a nonprofit, is working with Love and her team. Abraham Noe-Hays says they are fine-tuning new methods to recycle urine into fertilizer.

“There’s a great quote by Buckminster Fuller about how pollution is nothing but the resources that we’re not harvesting, and that we allow them to disperse because we’ve been ignorant of their value,” he said.

Harvesting the resource of urine — which is, after all, full of the same nutrients as chemical fertilizer — will fix two problems at once: eliminate waste and create a natural fertilizer.

The Rich Earth Institute has been using urine as fertilizer since 2012. Kim Nace says they collect about 26,000 liters a year, thanks to a loyal group of dedicated donors.

“We now have people who have some source-separating toilets in their homes. We also have people who have 55 gallon (200-liter) barrels where they collect and then we transport to our farms, and we’ve also got a large urine depot,” Nace said.

`fertilizers
Fertilizers. Wikimedia Commons

They pasteurize the urine to kill any microbes, and then it is applied directly onto hay fields like Hamilton’s.

Next level of project

Now that they’ve partnered with the University of Michigan, Love says they’re looking to take their project to the next level.

“There are three things we really are trying to do with the urine in this kind of next phase. We’re trying to concentrate it. We’re trying to apply technologies to reduce odor, and we’re trying to deal with trace contaminants like the pharmaceuticals,” she said.

Dealing with pharmaceuticals is an important issue. Heat urine kills germs but has no effect on chemicals like drugs that pass through our bodies.

“We know pharmaceuticals are a problem for aquatic organisms and water systems,” Love said. “It’s debatable about the impact on human health at very, very low levels. Independent of that, I think most people would prefer that they not be in their food.”

Fertilizers
Farmer Scott Halpin is facing another year of high prices for seed and fertilizer, and low prices for the corn and soybeans his family is planting on farmland outside Morris, Illinois.

21st century infrastructure

For Love, this is all about redesigning our wastewater infrastructure for the 21st century. Too many nutrients in the water leads to poor water quality by causing hazardous algal blooms.

“Our water emissions are going into very sensitive water bodies that are vulnerable to these nutrient loads,” she said. “We need to change that dynamic. And if we can capture them and put them to a beneficial use, that’s what we’re trying to do.”

Also Read: Common Plastic Chemical May Increase Breast Cancer Risk

Their efforts could make agriculture greener and our waterways cleaner. (VOA)