November 30, 2016: We never back down from boasting about our well-kept houses but somehow we always fail miserably from keeping our environment clean. Today, the cleanliness of our country is one of the most concerning issues. The roads are always filthy and the rivers which are religiously pious and pure have been rendered poisonous. It is the duty of the municipal corporation to maintain the cleanliness of the cities but it is also our social responsibility too. It is true that we need to be the change that we want to see around us. There are a million approaches to this problem, but here are a few steps which can help us embark on the journey towards a Swachh Bharat.
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Environmental awareness and plantations
Every educational institution must educate the society about the importance of the environment in today’s world. Everyone should be taught how to keep their environment clean and maintain proper hygiene.
Deforestation is one of the major reasons of pollution today and therefore, more tree plantations should be encouraged.
Appropriate disposal of garbage
Call it negligence or laziness but we keep disposing our garbage at the spot we are on the streets. We need to stop this littering and keep the streets, woods, water bodies and our surroundings clean. Make it a habit to properly dispose the garbage into dustbins and also encourage others to do it.
Sorting your garbage
We think that the sorting different types of garbage are a tedious task. On the contrary, it actually is the most effective way of garbage disposal. All we need to do is sort our dustbins into two categories, biodegradable and non-biodegradable and dump the waste accordingly. We can help others around to implement this too. By doing this we can reuse certain non-biodegradable waste or dispose of it safely to prevent soil pollution.
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The spreading of diseases can be reduced if we maintain hygiene both indoors and outdoors it, in turn, helps in destroying the breeding spots for mosquitoes, rats, and many other pathogen carriers. “Diarrhea is a leading killer of children, accounting for 9 percent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide,” says UNICEF according to Make a Change. Dirty hands are one of the main reasons for the spread of diseases and everyone should clean their hands properly especially before eating.
Reusing and Recycling
Reusing and recycling are two huge leaps towards a clean environment. We need to find alternative uses for old and redundant objects. We also need to recycle objects which cannot be disposed of so that it does not affect the surroundings in any way.
Say NO to plastic
Plastic is poisonous for our environment. Being non-biodegradable it does not break down in the soil and hence, needs to be disposed of properly. If ingested, it can kill animals and also poisons our food if not disposed of properly. Therefore, we need to cut down the usage of plastic bags and always dispose of them in dustbins.
Consume what you need
Things we need and we want are different. The question is not how much can you pay for what you consume but how much is left over on this planet for an individual and how much can be consumed. Extreme exploitation of resources will lead to their depletion. Hence, we need to consider the planet’s future and make our decisions.
Water is the most valuable resource on this planet and sustains all life on Earth. The per capita availability has been on the decline in India. The rise in the population and the depletion of potable water due to pollution are the biggest reasons for the decline. Rainwater harvesting is the best way of making water available in the surroundings as water is the driving force of life, agriculture and many industries. Another option to reduce water consumption and wastage are to recycle using appropriate water treatment.
Reduce carbon footprints
Carbon Footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gasses released into the atmosphere as a result of the actions of an individual, organization or community.
We need to use energy efficient products and limit the usage of air conditioners, water heaters, dishwashers or thermostats. We need to keep our carbon footprints in control to control the greenhouse effect.
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Burning garbage might seem like an easy way to dispose garbage but we fail to realize that we release a lot of toxins into the air surrounding us. Some vehicles which have not been serviced regularly and properly also burns a lot of fuel and results in air pollution. Using public transport reduces the number of vehicles on the roads and hence, decreases air pollution.
We need to implement this in our daily life and make it a part of our routine. Only by doing so we will be able to keep our country clean otherwise, we will be leading to an environmental dystopia.
-prepared by Shivam Thaker of NewsGram. Twitter: @Shivam_Thaker