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Swimming, Racquet Sports and Aerobics associated with best Odds of staving off Death: Study

In death from heart disease and stroke, the study found racquet sports players had a 56 percent lower risk

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Rob Muffels of Germany competes in the men's 5km open water race at the Aquatics World Championships in Kazan, Russia, July 25, 2015. A recent British study reports that participation in specific sports - including swimming - reduce the risk of dying from heart disease or stroke. VOA

London, November 30, 2016: Swimming, racquet sports and aerobics are associated with the best odds of staving off death, and in particular of reducing the risk of dying from heart disease or stroke, scientists said on Tuesday.

In a study of various types of exercise and their risk levels, the researchers found that participation in specific sports showed significant benefits for public health, and urged doctors and policymakers to encourage people to take them up.

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While the research, published in the British Journal and Sports Medicine, showed no added advantage for people who favor running and football or rugby, independent experts said this was purely due to the design of the study.

“This study must not be misinterpreted as showing that running and football do not protect against heart disease,” said Tim Chico, a consultant cardiologist at professor at Britain’s Sheffield University who was asked to comment on the findings.

Over 80,000 adults studied

The study analyzed data from 11 annual health surveys for England and Scotland carried out between 1994 and 2008, covering 80,306 adults with an average age of 52.

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Participants were asked about what type and how much exercise they had done in the preceding four weeks, and whether it had been enough to make them breathless and sweaty.

Britain's Andy Murray, who finished the season as the world's top player, is a tennis star, a sport reportedly among the best odds of staving off heart disease or stroke. VOA
Britain’s Andy Murray, who finished the season as the world’s top player, is a tennis star, a sport reportedly among the best odds of staving off heart disease or stroke. VOA

Racquet sports score highest

Exercise included heavy domestic chores and gardening; walking; cycling; swimming; aerobics, gymnastics or dance; running; football or rugby; and badminton, tennis or squash.

The survival of each participant was tracked for an average of nine years, during which time 8,790 of them died from all causes and 1,909 from heart disease or stroke.

Overall, compared with respondents who had not done a given sport, risk of death during the follow up period from any cause was 47 percent lower among those who played racquet sports, 28 percent lower among swimmers, 27 percent lower among dance aerobics fans and 15 percent lower among cyclists.

Exercise better “than any drug”

In death from heart disease and stroke, the study found racquet sports players had a 56 percent lower risk, with 41 percent for swimming and 36 percent for aerobics, compared with those who did not participate in these sports.

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Chico said the study did find that both runners and footballers had a lower rate of death from heart disease.

“Although this was not ‘statistically significant’, many other studies have found that runners live longer and suffer less heart disease,” he said.

“I will continue to tell my patients that regular physical activity [including running] is more effective in reducing their risk of heart disease than any drug I can prescribe.” (VOA)

Next Story

Swimming in Ocean Alters Skin Microbiome and Increases Risk of Ear, Skin Infection: Study

Researchers also found that exposure to ocean waters can cause gastrointestinal and respiratory illness, ear infections, and skin infections

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Researchers also found that exposure to ocean waters can cause gastrointestinal and respiratory illness, ear infections, and skin infections. Pixabay

Swimming in the ocean alters the skin microbiome and increases the risk of infection including that of the ear and skin, researchers said.

In the study presented at the ASM Microbe 2019, the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, researchers demonstrated that changes in the microbiome can leave the host susceptible to infection.

“Our data demonstrated for the first time that ocean water exposure can alter the diversity and composition of the human skin microbiome that plays an important role in immune system function, localized and systemic diseases,” said Marisa Chattman Nielsen, PhD student at the University of California.

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For the study, nine persons were examined who met the criteria of no sunscreen use, infrequent exposure to the ocean, no bathing within the last 12 hours, and no antibiotics during the previous six months. Pixabay

Researchers also found that exposure to ocean waters can cause gastrointestinal and respiratory illness, ear infections, and skin infections.

For the study, nine persons were examined who met the criteria of no sunscreen use, infrequent exposure to the ocean, no bathing within the last 12 hours, and no antibiotics during the previous six months.

The researchers swabbed the participants on the back of the calf before they entered the beach water, and again after they had air dried completely following a 10-minute swim and at six and 24 hours post swim.

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Vibrio species, which can cause food-borne infection usually associated with eating undercooked seafood, were detected on every participant after swimming in the ocean, and air drying, researchers said. Pixabay

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The results showed that before swimming all individuals had different communities from one-another on their skin but after swimming they all had similar communities.

Vibrio species, which can cause food-borne infection usually associated with eating undercooked seafood, were detected on every participant after swimming in the ocean, and air drying, researchers said. (IANS)