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Bound feet were considered beautiful, even erotic.

Foot binding was the Chinese custom that started in the Tang Dynasty, 10th century and prevailed for over a millennium. It was a practice first carried out on young girls to restrict their normal growth and make their feet as small as possible. Feet altered by foot-binding were known as lotus feet, and the shoes made for these feet were known as lotus shoes. Small feet were considered an attractive quality; the effects of the process were painful and permanent resulting in disfigured feet making it difficult for women to carry out their daily activities. It was a method that was widely used to distinguish the upper-class girl from others. Later the lower class women started practising foot binding to improve their social prospects. The practice of foot-binding would continue right up to the early 20th century CE.


The tradition for foot binding is believed to have started in the 10th century by a dancer and consort called Yao Niang. She danced on her toes inside a six-foot-high lotus flower made of gold and decorated with jewels, pearls and silk tassels. She wore silk socks over which she wound long, narrow bands of silk. She was much admired by Emperor Li Yu and as a result, women envied her and wanted to copy her small feet. The binding of feet was then replicated by other upper-class women, and the practice spread across the nation.

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A chart of data breaches is shown on Capitol Hill in Washington, June 16, 2015, as witnesses testify before the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee's hearing on the Office of Personnel Management data breach.

Mustang Panda is a Chinese hacking group that is suspected of attempting to infiltrate the Indonesian government last month.

The reported breach, which the Indonesians denied, fits the pattern of China's recent cyberespionage campaigns. These attacks have been increasing over the past year, experts say, in search of social, economic and political intelligence from Asian countries and other nations across the globe.

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India-China Border Dispute

India and China will hold 13th round of Corps Commander talks on Sunday, at Moldo on the Chinese side, to resolve border dispute in Eastern Ladakh.

Both the countries will discuss phase-III of disengagement and also overall de-escalation along the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh. The talks are scheduled two months after both the countries withdrew troops from friction Patrolling Point (PP) 17A in Gogra at the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh.

The disengagement process was carried out over two days i.e. August 4 and 5, 2021. The troops of both sides are now in their respective permanent bases. It happened soon after twelfth round of talks between the Corps Commanders on July 31, 2021.

As an outcome of the meeting, both sides agreed on disengagement in Gogra. The troops in this area have been in a face-off situation since May last year. With disengagement reached between both the countries for Gogra, India will now take up other remaining friction areas like Hot Springs and 900 square km Depsang plains during 13th round of military talks.

India has insisted during recent military commander meetings to resolve all issues across the Line of Actual Control.

Till now, apart from 12 round of Corps Commanders-level talks, the two forces have also held 10 Major Generals level, 55 Brigadiers-level talks and 1,450 calls over the hotlines.

Earlier, the troops of two Himalayan giants have disengaged from both the banks of Pangong Tso in February this year.

India and China have been engaged in border disputes for the last 16 months. (IANS/JB)

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An advertisement for Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies is seen in Hong Kong, Sept. 27, 2021.

SAN FRANCISCO — Since China's government declared all cryptocurrency transactions illegal last week and banned citizens from working for crypto-related companies, the price of bitcoin went up despite being shut out of one of its biggest markets.

Experts say large-scale Chinese miners of cryptocurrency — the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum — will take their high-powered, electricity-guzzling servers offshore. Exchanges of the digital money and the numerous Chinese startups linked to the trade also are expected to rebase offshore after dropping domestic customers from their rosters.

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