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Udham Singh was a political activist who killed Michael O'Dwyer, the colonial official responsible for the brutal Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam, Sangrur district of Punjab, India. He belonged to Kamboj family of Jammu. Singh's mother died when he was an infant and his father, who was a farmer and also worked as the railway crossing watchman in the village of Upalli, died after some years. After his parents died, Udham Singh and his brother, Mukta Singh, were taken in by the Central Khalsa Orphanage Putlighar in Amritsar.

On 13 April 1919, over twenty thousand unarmed People assembled in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, to celebrate the important Hindu and Sikh festival of Baisakhi. At the same time, they peacefully protested against the arrest of local leaders of the Indian National Congress including Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchlew by the British. Only then, troops under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer opened fire on the crowd, killing thousands of innocents. Singh along his friends were present there as they were serving water in the programme.

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Shaheed Udham Singh was the braveheart who avenged the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh.

By Ruchika Verma

  • Udham Singh was the freedom fighter who avenged the Jallianwala Bagh massacre
  • He travelled to many countries to gain support for the independence of India
  • Udham Singh dies in 194o after shooting Michael O’Dwyer

If you know about the violent and brutal Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, there are high chances you know about Udham Singh too. Udham Singh was the man who avenged the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre by shooting down Michael O’Dwyer, the man who supported the firing at the Jallianwala Bagh on 13th April 1919.

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Jallianwala bagh,Amritsar. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • Among the many youths and organizations that galvanised post the massacre, Udham Singh, 20 at that time, was deeply scarred
  • It was in USA that he developed his liking for pseudonyms
  • Hanged in 1940, his remains lay in Sunam in Punjab, where Singh was born

While to most of us Udham Singh is best known as a freedom fighter and a revolutionary who assassinated British administrator Michael O’Dwyer in 1940, but there are more roles the renegade assumed during his short life.

Born in 1899 in Sunam in undivided Punjab, Singh was brought up in an orphanage when the state was going through a serious political upheaval.

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