Monday June 18, 2018
Home India The Mughal’s ...

The Mughal’s Move: Sanskrit as a political tool

0
//
188
Sanskrit
Audrey Truschke's book, Culture of Encounters. Image source: news.stanford.edu

New Delhi: In Audrey Truschke’s recent book, Culture of Encounters, the author discusses the course of the rise and the fall of the Sanskrit language during the era of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahana and Aurangzeb. While during the rule of the first three emperors, the ancient language substantially blossomed into their courts, but the start of the reign of Aurangzeb ushered in the downfall of the Sanskrit.

Truschke writes in her book that the decimation of the language was mainly due to two reasons. First, that Sanskrit in the 17th century was now slowly giving away to the evolution of Hindi and the second was that the political motivations of Aurangzeb curtailed the stimulation of the language.

To explain the political aspect of Aurangzeb further we need to know that, in order to demarcate his own ‘idiom of rule’ and cut up the ties entirely with that of his elder brother, Dara Shikoh, he steers clear from any associations with the Sanskrit world.

Truschke eased the context further by adding that “Let me clarify that while Akbar inaugurated Mughal engagements with Sanskrit, he did so for slightly different reasons than many people think… Akbar was interested in Sanskrit for its political valence in his empire, not as some personal religious quest.” This act was mainly an attempt by them to get acclimatized as the new rulers of India.

Akbar in order to gain the trust of the Indians tied up with the Rajput chiefs, Brahmin and Jains and took the strategic move of abolishing the pilgrimage tax in 1562 and the Jizya Law in 1564. This was mainly due to the fact that his rule was in the threat of continuous rebellions from the non-Muslims.

Though, the tactic was quite successful as we can find in Badauni’s work who claims that Brahmins had to testify that Akbar was another form of Lord Vishnu like Ram and Krishna, who has descended to earth as a human being.

Though the façade was over once the protest was over. It is discovered that Akbar re-implemented both the discriminatory decrees on the non-Muslims again. He massacred over 30,000 peasants in the Chittor fort, which may have resulted in the suppression of the initial rebellion.

Still, there is a catch that a bigger rebellion rose up again and Akbar was forced to abandon the Jizya Act again and instill the new ideology of Sulh-i-Kul, which basically means Peace with All in Persian.

The ultimate finding that should be known and incorporated into the mainstream discourse by the scholars is the fact that, “Hindi was on the ascent as a literary language in the 17th century and the Mughals increasingly looked to Hindi texts for classical Indian knowledge as opposed to seeking out Sanskrit works.”

Something that will dig out probably bigger further hidden secrets from the annals of unknown history. (Inputs from intoday.in)

Prepared by Annesha DasGupta for NewsGram

Next Story

Indian design schools Are Influenced By Global education

The diversity and the demographics of everything is making the world come closer

0
Indian design schools Are Influenced By Global education
Indian design schools Are Influenced By Global education, flickr

Ace designer Manish Malhotra, who is one of the chief mentors at the London School of Trends, says that global education is making a huge difference to all the design schools of India.

“It is making a difference overall not just to the design schools. Thanks to global education, global awareness the world is getting far more closer. Social media, travel and interactions with one another is playing a key role to make this happen,” he told IANS in a statement.

“The diversity and the demographics of everything is making the world come closer,” added Malhotra who has over 25 years of experience in styling up for Bollywood movies and has dressed the best in the glamour business.

London School of Trends offers an international Fashion and Interior Design curriculum curated and taught by globally renowned academics and industry leaders.

Manish Malhotra’s collections displayed at the Raj Mahal Jewellers India Couture Week 2014.
Manish Malhotra’s collections displayed at the Raj Mahal Jewellers India Couture Week 2014. flickr

Also read: ‘Intern Diaries’ To Feature Sonakshi, Anita Dongre, Manish Malhotra

They have a global presence with campuses in New York, Los Angeles, New Delhi and Mumbai. In India, they have Malhotra along with Producer-author Twinkle Khanna as their chief mentors for fashion and interior design, respectively. (IANS)

 

Next Story