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A constituent assembly was established only a few days before India formally achieved independence. Pixabay


A flag is a significant symbol that represents a country, a culture, or a government. It is a sign of the country’s pride and a depiction of a free world. Similarly, India’s flag has proudly served the country for many years now. The tricolors of the Indian flag which is green, white, and saffron from bottom to top was designed by Pingali Venkayya. The Indian National Flag was adopted in its current design at a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, just days before India’s independence. The history of the Indian flag is fascinating as it tells the story of a country’s struggle for liberty, freedom, and unification for its people.

The many modifications that our National Flag has undergone since its birth are truly impressive. Several flags were used to represent India when it was under British rule in the nineteenth century, prior to its independence movement. The Sepoy Mutiny in 1857 was India’s first formal independent rebellion, in which the Indian people banded together and tried to abolish British rule, but were unsuccessful. Following this campaign, the British agreed that only one Indian flag should be used to represent India as a British nation.

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The first national flag of India was blue in color and included the Union Flag in the left upper corner along with the star of India with the British crown over it, in its lower right section. Obviously, it was designated by the British, and the Indian people had no say in the matter. Many flags were proposed, but none of them were adopted until Mahatma Gandhi proposed one in 1906.

On August 7, 1906, the first flag of the country was raised in Calcutta’s Parsee Bagan Square. The flag featured few religious icons as well as eight roses and the texts “Vande Mataram.” Then came another flag in 1907 which was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band of fugitive rebels. This flag was somewhat similar to the first, except that the top strip had just one lotus instead of the Saptarishi’s seven stars.

The flag featured few religious icons as well as eight roses and the texts “Vande Mataram.” Wikimedia commons

Later in 1917, during the home rule campaign, Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak raised the third flag. This flag featured five red and four green horizontal stripes arranged alternately, with seven Saptarishi stars superimposed on top. The Union Jack was shown in the top left corner. In one corner, there was also a white crescent and star. Then, a few years later in 1921, a flag made by an Andhra youth was presented to Gandhiji. The flag’s red and green colors reflected the Hindu-Muslim culture. In addition to red and green, Gandhiji recommended incorporating white into the center of the thought of India’s peoples, as well as the spinning wheel, to demonstrate the country’s growth.

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Another change occurred in the year 1931 when we adopted a tricolor flag comprising saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel in the middle. A constituent assembly was established only a few days before India formally achieved independence. The assembly settled on a new Indian flag in 1947. The only change was that Emperor Asoka’s Dharma Charkha was used as the flag’s symbol in place of the spinning wheel.

A constituent assembly was established only a few days before India formally achieved independence. Wikimedia commons

In the current Indian flag, saffron represents the country’s strength and bravery, the white stripe in the center indicates harmony and truth, and the final green portion represents the land’s prosperity, development, and auspiciousness. The chakra is to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. Several civilians, including veterans of the armed forces, have selflessly sacrificed their lives over the last five decades to keep the tricolor flying high and every citizen of the country is proud of those heroes.


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Indian wrestler Ravi Kumar (57kg) and Deepak Punia (86kg) enjoyed fruitful outings at the Tokyo Olympic Games as they secured semifinal berths in their respective weight categories at the Makuhari Messe on Wednesday.

On the opening day of the wrestling competition, Ravi Kumar defeated Bulgaria's Georgi Vangelov 14-4 on technical superiority to reach the last-four in the men's 57kg category, while compatriot Deepak Punia overcame China's Zushen Lin 6-3 on points to advance to the semifinals.

Ravi Kumar will take on Nurislam Sanayev of Kazakhstan in the last-four, while Punia will be up against David Morris Taylor of the USA.

Earlier, Ravi Kumar had won his opening-round bout by technical superiority against Colombia's Oscar Tigreros to secure a quarterfinal spot. Competing in the Round-of-16 bout against the Colombian wrestler, the 23-year-old Ravi Kumar, who is making his Olympic debut, showed no nerves as he dominated the bout to win by technical superiority (13-2).

Ravi Kumar landed attack after attack and went 13-2 up, winning the bout by technical superiority with minutes to spare. In wrestling, building up a 10-point lead over the opponent results in a victory by technical superiority.

India's 86kg freestyle wrestler Deepak Punia showed no signs of the niggle that had forced him to pull out of the Poland Open Ranking Series in Warsaw in June, as he defeated Nigeria's Ekerekeme Agiomor on technical superiority to secure a quarterfinal berth.

He got his Olympic campaign to a fine start as he was in control from the start of the bout and hardly ever allowed his Nigerian opponent any room to maneuver his moves, finally winning with a 12-1 on technical superiority.

Punia, who had also suffered an elbow injury just before the Games, was slow at the start but came into his own as the bout progressed, inflicting takedowns at regular intervals to earn points.

The Indian wrestler eased into a 4-1 lead at the break and extended his lead comfortably in the second period.

Punia, the silver medallist from the 2019 world wrestling championships, then set up a clash with China's Lin Zushen in the quarterfinals and defeated him 6-3.