Wednesday January 22, 2020

The World Looks Forward To Eradication Of Hepatitis C By 2030

Offering direct-acting antivirals to all patients at the time of diagnosis could prevent 640,000 deaths from liver cancer and cirrhosis by 2030

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the new Hepatitis B vaccine for adults is called Heplisav-B.
The team found that implementing comprehensive blood safety and infection control measures was estimated to reduce the number of new infections in 2030 by 58 per cent.

Improvements in screening, prevention and treatment particularly in high-burden countries, such as India, China and Pakistan, can avert 15.1 million new hepatitis C infections and 1.5 million cirrhosis and liver cancer deaths globally by 2030.

Globally, it is estimated that 71 million individuals are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus, that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.

The virus was also responsible for over 475,000 deaths in 2015.

Viral hepatitis
World Health Organization poster for Hepatitis Campaign. VOA

To achieve the big reductions, there is need to implement comprehensive blood safety and infection control measures, extend harm reduction services (such as opioid substitution therapy and needle and syringe programmes) and replace older treatments with direct-acting antivirals in all countries.

Moreover, adding screening to these interventions can help diagnose 90 per cent of people with hepatitis C and offer treatment by 2030, according to the study published in The Lancet journal.

The estimates equal to an 80 per cent reduction in incidence and a 60 per cent reduction in deaths as compared to 2015.

Injection and medicines
Hepatitis are the commonly transmitted hepatotropic viruses transmitted due to poor hygiene, contaminated food and drinking water, poor sanitation, Pixabay

But, it narrowly misses the elimination targets set by the World Health Organisation (WHO) — to reduce mortality by 65 per cent — and would instead be attained by 2032, the researchers said.

“Even though it narrowly falls short of the WHO targets for 2030, the impact our estimates suggest would be a tremendous stride forwards,” said lead author Professor Alastair Heffernan, from UK’s Imperial College London.

The team found that implementing comprehensive blood safety and infection control measures was estimated to reduce the number of new infections in 2030 by 58 per cent.

Hepatitis C Blood Virus [HCV]. Photo Credit: michelsonmedical.org
Extending harm reduction services to 40 per cent of people who inject drugs could reduce the number of new infections by a further 7 percentage points.

Together, this would prevent 14.1 million new infections by 2030.

But, offering direct-acting antivirals to all patients at the time of diagnosis could prevent 640,000 deaths from liver cancer and cirrhosis by 2030, the researchers noted.

Also Read: Major Breakthrough Made In The Treatment Of Ebola Virus

“Achieving such reductions requires a massive screening programme and demands a rapid increase in new treatment courses in the short term — namely, 51.8 million courses of direct-acting antivirals by 2030,” Heffernan said. (IANS)

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India Registers an Uptick in Diabetes and Thyroid: Report

Uptick in diabetes, thyroid in India in 2019

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diabetes
India registered an increase in lifestyle diseases including diabetes and thyroid. Pixabay

As India registered an increase in lifestyle diseases including diabetes and thyroid, a new report suggests that women are unhealthier than men, and Chandigarh is the healthiest city while Kolkata unhealthiest city for the second year in a row. This is the latest health news.

As per the GOQii India Fit Report 2020, diabetes has increased from 7.1 to 12 per cent this year.

“The incidence of diabetes is highest among older adults at 23.81 per cent and seniors at 36.82 per cent. As per the report, 13.5 per cent of Indians have cholesterol issues.

diabetes
Diabetes has increased from 7.1 to 12 per cent this year. Pixabay

“Currently 36 per cent of the people who have high cholesterol have heart issues too while 51.7 per cent of the people who have diabetes have abnormal cholesterol too. This past year, thyroid issues have increased from 6.8 to 10.7 per cent. The report also suggests that 13.4 per cent of the people in India have high blood pressure,” GOQii, a smart-tech enabled preventive healthcare platform, said.

As per the report, 27 per cent of India has acidity and indigestion issues.

Speaking city-wise, 18 per cent people in Kolkata are diabetic followed by Surat and Bhopal. Kolkata also has the largest aging population in the country, the most people with acidity, and the highest incidence of lifestyle diseases, while Bhopal has the highest percentage of people who consume alcohol.

The report has collected data from a cross-section of 5 million GOQii app users across 16 cities.

Interestingly, it also took the study of longevity under its ambit, and reveals what some of India’s oldest people attribute their longevity to.

Turns out, the secret to a long life is – eating nutritious food, staying active, socializing and sound sleep. These attributes were the common contributing factors for leading a long and healthy life according to 90-year olds and centenarians.

Also Read- Prenatal Smoking, Drinking Increases SIDS Risk; Says New Study

The elderly people also believed that eating home-cooked and fresh, local and seasonal vegetarian meals at fixed and regular intervals played an important role in their day-to-day regimen. Dairy, especially milk, curd and ghee emerged as kitchen superheroes for this age group.

The centurions also believed that having a hobby, being social and content enhanced the quality of their lives. (IANS)