Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
- Recovery from surgeries can be tough
- There is a lot of care that one needs after a surgery
- There are some certain ways of taking care after surgery which are more effective than the others
Have you recently gone through the unpleasant but necessary process of Surgery? Are you one of those went through the painful process of being under the knife multiple times? It is definitely a process that no matter how many times you are explained of the benefits, the possibility of the risks during and after the process dances before your eyes, more than the benefits.
Even though the period starting from the pre-operative to the recovery phase is specified and measurable in most of the cases, it might still seem like an indefinite period of suffering. Even though the patient is supported by the love and care of his dear ones and the healthcare providers, the agony of the process in its entirety is borne and understood by only by the patient.
Of course, the anxiety of the procedure is shared by even those within the medical field, who understand and can anticipate it well in advance. Your pain is your own. And it does not spare anyone.
But like Gautam Buddha quoted, ‘Pain is inevitable, but suffering is optional’. One option is to prepare yourself to go through the pain, but it is wiser to follow some simple rules to free yourself from enduring the moments of agony and confusion.
Most of us spend every waking moment of the pre-operative period wondering the consequences of the surgery, be it a complicated procedure or a simple one. Every hospital has its own protocol for educating the patients about the procedure. Some of the medical staff explain them personally while some send written instructions. There are some others who are much more cautious and do both. But, not in all cases, the information is imbibed in the patients to the fullest. It is lost in the web of anxiety spun within the patient’s mind.
ALso Read: How weight-loss surgery can avoid death
Even with all the efforts taken by your healthcare provider, if the purpose of the mission is lost, it is unfair to blame anyone. But, there is a way to avoid the situation. If the surgery is a pre-planned procedure, always approach your consultant, well in advance, before the day of the surgery, to clear your mind of some of those doubts that have clouded your ability to stay untroubled. Do not willingly withhold any medical history, known to you, about you. It is for the safety and well-being of the provider as well your own self. Make sure you arrive at the hospital early to complete your paperwork and do not procrastinate in this regard. The hassles of filling up the paperwork can amplify your stress levels. Do not ignore any symptom that you might have before the procedure. In your estimation, it might only be a slight fever or a rash, but for the success of the surgery, it is a huge detrimental factor. Report to your consultant immediately.
You might now be wondering that these might sound good enough for a preplanned, non-emergent surgery, but what about the emergency surgeries. As a member of the medical fraternity, I would suggest you stay calm and trust your provider. If you are still strong enough to converse, do ask and clear yourself of any doubts and hesitations regarding the procedure about to be performed. The community always holds the best interests for their patients.
Once the procedure is completed, then comes the phase of post-operative recovery. All is well that ends well and that end is not signaled at the end of the surgery but only after the successful sailing through the post-operative period. The period of post-operative care does not end with your stay at the hospital but continues well after your discharge. Although every effort is made by your provider, there might still be pain, once the anesthesia starts to wear off. The reactions of the human body to the medications is not always universal. Every patient requires a certain level of customization of care, due to the very fact that no one person is entirely like another. Their threshold levels do differ. It is hence safer to assume that you might not have the same symptoms as your neighbors.
Most of the procedures, do require a certain amount of effort to be invested, also by the patients in the post-operative period. It might be as simple as being cent percent complaint to the consumption of medications or performing the stipulated exercises in physiotherapy. Never fail to follow your Doctor’s instructions to the dot. Deviations can well cost you much more than you can recognize. Appropriate and “advised” postoperative care, is the only way you can make a complete and satisfying recovery.
There are some who take multiple consultations. It is alright to double check, cross-check with other consultants, but before the procedure. It is advisable to follow the instructions of your consultant after the procedure, to avoid confusions. Remember, you always receive some degree of tailored care. Your consultant knows more about what has been done. If in doubt, always report back to your consultant.
You have the right to enjoy good health. It does not matter if the right is entitled via your constitution or not. And the right can be made a reality partly by the effort of your healthcare provider and partly by you. The instructions given are not to torment you and the risks explained are not to scare you. If in doubt, always approach your Physician. Never leave aside those nagging doubts “for later”. It is wise to take an informed decision and to accomplish that, the ideal behavior as a patient would be to engage with your Physician in your treatment.
Tenali Ramakrishna, or Tenali Raman as he is more popularly known is Birbal's equivalent in South India. A court jester and a scholar exuding great wisdom, Tenali Raman was known as one of the greatest courtiers in King Krishnadevaraya's court.
The Vijayanagar Empire ruled a large part of South India between 1336 and 1646. In the 16th century, the kingdom rose to prominence under the eminent leadership of King Krishnadevaraya. His continuous victories against his enemies ensured a successful and peaceful reign for his subjects. As a patron of art and literature, many crafts and cultural assets thrived in the empire.
Krishnadevaraya's beloved courtier, Tenali Raman is the finest example of the splendour of the Vijayanagar empire. He was born in Tenali, a town in Andhra Pradesh. He lived here until he lost his father, after which his mother brought him to Vijayanagar. He was discovered for his excellent wit and wisdom, and appointed in the court. He was one of the king's ashtadiggajas (collective name for the eight poets and scholars).
A statue of Tenali Ramakrishna near a Municipal Office in Andhra Pradesh Image source: wikimedia commons
Tenali Raman as a scholar, published great texts of wisdom, which have now become artefacts of the Kingdom of Vijayanagara. But his fame does not lie in these achievements. He is known for the mischievous jester that mythical folklore portrays him to be. Through stories, many writers have used jokes to impart wisdom and morals to many generations of people. The stories of Tenali Raman are almost legendary in the Southern peninsula.
Textbooks have been written with his moral stories in mind, and these days, many self-help book are also incorporating his wisdom. His most popular stories are, 'Mother Tongue', 'Cursed Face', 'Saluting the Donkeys' and many more. Through these stories, Tenali Raman, in some way, brought about social justice. Perhaps this is why he is most beloved by many people even today.
Keywords: Tenali Raman, Vijayanagar empire, Krishnadevaraya, Jester, Wisdom
It must be noted that different religions and societies in Southeast Asia have alternative narratives of Ramayana, one of the greatest epic.
Here are some of the versions of Ramayana!
Dasaratha Jakarta: The Buddhist Version
Interestingly, this version of Ramayana does not mention Ravana at all and in fact, there’s no mention of Sita’s abduction, too. In this version, Dasaratha is the king of Benaras and not Ayodhya. Also, Rama and Sita leaves kingdom and go to the Himalayas and not forests. Then, after twelve years, Rama and Sita return back to Benaras and get married.
Paumachariya: The Jaina Version
In this version, Lakshamana is the killer of Ravana and not Rama. Here, Rama is an ardent follower of Jainism, and so he cannot be the killer of Ravana. Also, this version states an army of warrior and not monkeys, as stated in Valmiki’s Ramayana. Another interesting feature of this version is that Ramayana is not shown as a villain, rather a magnanimous king and follower of Jainism.
Gond Ramayani: The Gond Version
Gond is an adivasi clan belonging from Madhya Pradesh in India. Interestingly, in this version, the story begins from where Valmiki’s Ramayana ended; when Sita is rescued from captivity. Also, Bhima, one of the Pandavas from the epic of Mahabharata, is mentioned in this version. Unlike Valmiki’s Ramayana, Rama is not the protagonist in this version.
Ramakien: The Thai Version
This is considered as Thailand's national epic, and is still taught in some schools in the country. In this version, Ravana is shown as a learned scholar and a noble king in this version. Also, Ravana’s pursuit for Sita is depicted as true love. There are a lot of similarities between this version of Ramayana and Valmiki’s version, but this version lays a lot of emphasis on Hanuman.
When a baby is born in an Indian household-they invite hijra to shower the newborn with their blessings for their blessings confer fertility, prosperity, and long life on the child. But when that child grows up we teach them to avert their eyes when a group of hijras passes by, we pass on the behaviour of treating hijras as lesser humans to our children. Whenever a child raises a question related to gender identity or sexuality they are shushed down. We're taught to believe that anything "deviant" and outside of traditional cis-heteronormativity is something to be ashamed of. This mentality raises anxious, scared queer adults who're ashamed of their own identity, and adults who bully people for "queer behaviour".
Hijras are a community of people who include eunuchs, intersex, and transgender people. They worship the Hindu goddess of chastity and fertility, Bahuchara Mata. Most hijras, but not all, choose to undergo a castration ceremony known as "nirvana" in which they remove their male genitalia as an offering to their goddess. The whole community is vibrant with hundreds of people with hundreds of ways of expression, the true identity of a hijra is complex and unique to each individual. In India, hijras prefer to refer to themselves as Kinner/Kinnar as it means the mythological beings who excel at singing and dancing.
Hijras worship the Hindu goddess of chastity and fertility, Bahuchara Mata.homegrown.co.in
The hijra community works systematically, the community separates itself from the outside world and teaches lessons to the young ones in secret. Each community has a guru and the other hijras are their disciples or chela. The "hijra ways of life" are taught to the disciples in a secluded environment where they leave their families and live with other hijras in the community. More often than not hijras are thought of as nothing different from transgender and often referred to as transgender; however, scientifically these two terms denote a different class of people. Hijras are a part of the whole community of people with various identities and of spiritual and cultural values meanwhile, transgender merely refers to those people whose gender identity differs from the sex assigned to them at birth, they are a part of the community and do not represent the whole community.
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.
Historically and culturally the community has existed in the Indian subcontinent as long as the civilization has existed. There are mentions of hijra in The Mahabharata, a holy book of Hindus. Shikhandi who was neither male nor female is a mythological legend. In another version of Mahabharata Arjuna, one of the Pandavas was cursed to be the third gender by Urvashi, when he refused to be sexually involved with her. In a story by Padma Purana, it is seen that Arjuna transforms into a woman to take part in Krishna's mystical dance which only women can take part in. The Hijra figures are prominent in Indian Mughal History as well, referred to as Khwaja Siras and known for their loyalty to the ruler, they worked as the sexless watchdogs of the Mughal harems. They held important positions in court and various facets of administration during Mughal-era India, from the 16th to 19th century. The Hijra community is a testament to the sexual diversity that is integral yet often forgotten in Indian culture.
If the whole hijra community was looked upon with enamor and respect in our history, what happened that when we come across the community we look at them with contempt and are filled with a mixture of negative, fear, laughter, and odd emotions. It's owing to the fact that under British Raj, the Criminal tribes Act 1871 hijras were criminalized and the law was made to eradicate the whole community. However, these acts were abolished by the Indian government after independence, and by 2014, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh all had officially recognized third gender people as citizens deserving of equal rights where the third gender means individuals categorizing themselves as neither male nor female. Even though the progress is slow but in 2015 Madhu Kinnar became the first hijra mayor in India was elected in the city of Raigarh.
ALSO READ: India's first Residential Transgender
Although the hijra community was revered by society and is invited to births and weddings for religious and spiritual ceremonies, they still become victims of abuse and discrimination. Violence and hate crimes against the community have become common. They are deprived of education, job opportunities, seating in restaurants, etc. leading them to live in poor conditions barely surviving. They often have to resort to begging and prostitution to earn a daily living. The government has tried to address this issue by introducing bills for the protection of the hijra community, with prison terms and other punishments for those offending them, but there is little to no less effect on the social stigma against the community.
In India, the hijra community comes under the umbrella term LGBTQ+ and we notice that they lack voice and representation when it comes to LGBTQ+ rights. We need to understand that when we fight for LGBTQ+ rights we fight for the whole community, we fight for hijras who have been victims of violence, hate crimes, and disrespect from none other than the people of our society. And although hijras are a part of the LGBTQ+ community as a whole, they have an independent subculture of their own. It is worth every effort to know about them, to study about them, to befriend them, and to smile at them for they are every bit of human as we are and they have nothing but blessings in their heart.