Monday April 22, 2019

Turkey hosts first World Humanitarian Summit to discuss Global aid distribution system

Turkey has hosted the largest refugee population in the world with almost 2.8 million Syrians but there are large refugee camps in Kenya, India, Jordan, Ethiopia and elsewhere.

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World Humanitarian Summit. Image Source: www.worldhumanitariansummit.org

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZyXZyZWGNe8

Istanbul: The first world humanitarian summit is held in Turkey on monday. Leaders and Aid organizations from all around the world are going meet on Monday for world’s humanitarian summit trying to change the world’s reaction and response towards crises caused by natural disasters and conflict. The summit is supported by the UN and their secretary general Ban ki Moon. More than 60 governments and state heads are gathered for this summit

Close to 60 million people are displaced worldwide as a result of Violence, poverty and natural disasters. Wars and naturals disasters have caused huge displacement of people. Millions of people who managed to stay at home also require aid’s to survive.

World Humanitarian Summit logo. Image Source: Wikimedia
World Humanitarian Summit logo. Image Source: Wikimedia

“Today we are in the most humanitarian situation since the end of World War 2. With 130 million people around the world are in need of humanitarian support. The secretary general decided that it was time with all the actors , Member states and private sectors together to see how we can deliver for those 130 million people in need “said one UN Official.

Turkey has hosted the largest refugee population in the world with almost 2.8 million Syrians but there are large refugee camps in Kenya, India, Jordan, Ethiopia and elsewhere. People in many parts of Africa and Asia are facing famine as a result of drought.

Even the pope Francis called on for the success of the summit. He said “The participants at that meet should fully commit themselves for the main humanitarian goal to save the life of every human being without exception especially innocent and the defenseless. The leader of the Catholic Church even visited the migrants of Greek island last month to draw attention towards their fight.

The humanitarian groups worldwide are calling for a permanent Global aid distribution system. One of the official also said “we cannot have this lurching response from crises to crises, we need a permanent distribution system which is based on global response sharing’

The recent surveys shows that most people worldwide are welcoming refugees with China, Germany and Britian topping the list. According the survey Russian are the least accepting of the internationally displaced people. Russia is also not participating in the Istanbul summit and refuses to be bound by its decision.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a Staff-writer at NewsGram and has done his graduation in Journalism from Amity University.

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Airstrike Escalates Fighting in Libya, Authorities Close Tripoli’s Only Functioning Airport

Russia objects to the British-drafted resolution blaming Haftar for the latest flare-up in violence when his LNA advanced to the outskirts of Tripoli earlier this month, diplomats said.

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Libya
Libyan protesters attend a demonstration to demand an end to the Khalifa Haftar's offensive against Tripoli, in Martyrs' Square in central Tripoli, Libya, April 19, 2019. VOA

Explosions shook the Libyan capital Tripoli late Saturday after an airstrike, residents said, in an escalation of a two-week offensive by eastern forces on the city held by the internationally recognized government.

A Reuters reporter and several interviewed residents said they saw an aircraft circling for more than 10 minutes over the capital with a humming sound before opening fire on a southern suburb, scene of the heaviest fighting between the rival forces.

Reuters was unable to confirm whether an aircraft or unmanned drone was behind the strike, which triggered heavy anti-aircraft fire. Residents had reported drone strikes in the past days, but there has been no confirmation and explosions heard in the city center this time were louder than in previous days.

Residents counted several missile strikes, which apparently hit a military camp of forces loyal to Tripoli in the Sabaa district.

Members of the Libyan internationally recognized government forces fire during fighting with Eastern forces in Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya, April 20, 2019.
Members of the Libyan internationally recognized government forces fire during fighting with Eastern forces in Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya, April 20, 2019. VOA

Haftar stymied

The Libyan National Army (LNA) force loyal to commander Khalifa Haftar started an offensive two weeks ago but has been unable to breach the government’s southern defenses.

If a drone strike was confirmed, this would point to more sophisticated warfare. The LNA has so far mainly used aging Soviet-made jets from the air force of Moammar Gadhafi, toppled in 2011, lacking precision firepower and helicopters, according to residents and military sources.

Tripoli, Libya
Tripoli, Libya

​In the past the United Arab Emirates and Egypt have supported Haftar with airstrikes during campaigns to take eastern Libya. Both countries flew airstrikes on Tripoli in 2014 during a different conflict to help a Haftar-allied force, U.S. officials said at the time.

Since 2014 the UAE and Egypt have provided the LNA with military equipment such as aircraft and helicopters, helping Haftar to gain the upper hand in Libya’s eight-year conflict, past U.N. reports have established.

The UAE even built an air base in Al Khadim in eastern Libya, one such report said in 2017.

The air strikes, which were also filmed by residents in video posted online, came after a day of heavy clashes in southern districts, with shelling audible in the city center.

A Libyan fighter loyal to the Government of National Accord fires a rocket propelled grenade during clashes with forces loyal to strongman Khalifa Haftar south of the capital Tripoli's suburb of Ain Zara, April 20, 2019.
A Libyan fighter loyal to the Government of National Accord fires a rocket propelled grenade during clashes with forces loyal to strongman Khalifa Haftar south of the capital Tripoli’s suburb of Ain Zara, April 20, 2019. VOA

Trump’s call to Haftar

The violence spiked after the White House said on Friday that President Donald Trump spoke by with Haftar earlier in the week.

The disclosure of the call and a U.S. statement that it “recognized Field Marshal Haftar’s significant role in fighting terrorism and securing Libya’s oil resources” has boosted the commander’s supporters and enraged his opponents.

Western powers and the Gulf have been divided over a push by Haftar’s forces to seize Tripoli, undermining calls by the United Nations for a ceasefire.

Both sides claimed progress in southern Tripoli Saturday, but no more details were immediately available.

A Reuters TV cameraman visiting the southern Khalat Furgan suburb heard heavy shelling but saw no apparent change in the frontline.

On Friday, two children were killed in shelling in southern Tripoli, residents said. The fighting has killed 220 people and wounded 1,066, the World Heath organization (WHO) said.

It was unclear why the White House waited several days to announce Monday’s phone call.

UN cease-fire

On Thursday, both the United States and Russia said they could not support a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for a ceasefire in Libya at this time.

Also Read: Experts Claim, Climate Change Can Affect Food, Water Security

Russia objects to the British-drafted resolution blaming Haftar for the latest flare-up in violence when his LNA advanced to the outskirts of Tripoli earlier this month, diplomats said.

The United States did not give a reason for its decision not to support the draft resolution, which would also call on countries with influence over the warring parties to ensure compliance and for unconditional humanitarian aid access in Libya. (IANS)