Thursday October 18, 2018

Turkey hosts first World Humanitarian Summit to discuss Global aid distribution system

Turkey has hosted the largest refugee population in the world with almost 2.8 million Syrians but there are large refugee camps in Kenya, India, Jordan, Ethiopia and elsewhere.

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World Humanitarian Summit. Image Source: www.worldhumanitariansummit.org
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Istanbul: The first world humanitarian summit is held in Turkey on monday. Leaders and Aid organizations from all around the world are going meet on Monday for world’s humanitarian summit trying to change the world’s reaction and response towards crises caused by natural disasters and conflict. The summit is supported by the UN and their secretary general Ban ki Moon. More than 60 governments and state heads are gathered for this summit

Close to 60 million people are displaced worldwide as a result of Violence, poverty and natural disasters. Wars and naturals disasters have caused huge displacement of people. Millions of people who managed to stay at home also require aid’s to survive.

World Humanitarian Summit logo. Image Source: Wikimedia
World Humanitarian Summit logo. Image Source: Wikimedia

“Today we are in the most humanitarian situation since the end of World War 2. With 130 million people around the world are in need of humanitarian support. The secretary general decided that it was time with all the actors , Member states and private sectors together to see how we can deliver for those 130 million people in need “said one UN Official.

Turkey has hosted the largest refugee population in the world with almost 2.8 million Syrians but there are large refugee camps in Kenya, India, Jordan, Ethiopia and elsewhere. People in many parts of Africa and Asia are facing famine as a result of drought.

Even the pope Francis called on for the success of the summit. He said “The participants at that meet should fully commit themselves for the main humanitarian goal to save the life of every human being without exception especially innocent and the defenseless. The leader of the Catholic Church even visited the migrants of Greek island last month to draw attention towards their fight.

The humanitarian groups worldwide are calling for a permanent Global aid distribution system. One of the official also said “we cannot have this lurching response from crises to crises, we need a permanent distribution system which is based on global response sharing’

The recent surveys shows that most people worldwide are welcoming refugees with China, Germany and Britian topping the list. According the survey Russian are the least accepting of the internationally displaced people. Russia is also not participating in the Istanbul summit and refuses to be bound by its decision.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a Staff-writer at NewsGram and has done his graduation in Journalism from Amity University.

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Earth Will Reach 1.5 Degrees Above Pre-Industrial Levels By 2030

Countries in the southern hemisphere will be among the worse off.

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An aerial view of downtown San Francisco, California

The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on Monday said the planet will reach the crucial threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2030, precipitating the risk of extreme drought, wildfires, floods and food shortages for hundreds of millions of people.

In a report, the IPCC said that governments around the world must take “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society” to avoid disastrous levels of global warming, CNN reported.

The date, which falls well within the lifetime of many people alive today, is based on current levels of greenhouse gas emissions.

The planet is already two-thirds of the way there, with global temperatures having warmed about 1 degree Celsius. Avoiding going even higher will require significant action in the next few years, the report said.

climate, global warming, celsisu
A fisherman stands on his boat as he fishes at the Tisma lagoon wetland park, also designated as Ramsar Site 1141 in the Convention on Wetlands, in Tisma, Nicaragua. VOA

Global net emissions of carbon dioxide would need to fall by 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030 and reach “net zero” around 2050 in order to keep the warming around 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Lowering emissions to this degree, while technically possible, would require widespread changes in energy, industry, buildings, transportation and cities, according to the report.

“One of the key messages that comes out very strongly from this report is that we are already seeing the consequences of 1 degree Celsius of global warming through more extreme weather, rising sea levels and diminishing Arctic sea ice, among other changes,” said Panmao Zhai, co-chair of IPCC Working Group I.

Coral reefs will also be drastically effected, with between 70 and 90 per cent expected to die off, including Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.

climate, global warming, celsisus
Waves from Hurricane Florence pound the Bogue Inlet Pier in Emerald Isle, N.C. VOA

Countries in the southern hemisphere will be among the worse off, the report said, adding “projected to experience the largest impacts on economic growth due to climate change should global warming increase”.

“Every extra bit of warming matters, especially since warming of 1.5 degrees C or higher increases the risk associated with long-lasting or irreversible changes, such as the loss of some eco-systems,” CNN quoted Hans-Otto Pörtner, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group II, as saying.

Monday’s report is three years in the making and is a direct result of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.

Also Read: Paris Adopts Climate Action Plan, Aims At Achieving A ‘Zero Carbon’ Future

In the Paris accord, 197 countries agreed to the goal of holding global temperatures “well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

More than 90 authors from 40 countries were involved in leading the report, helped by 133 contributing authors. (IANS)