Who is Cassius Clay? Late Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali’s Life is captured in Art and Photography

0
//
Muhammad Ali working out at his training facility in Deer Lake, Pennsylvania, 1972 (Courtesy: George Kalinsky) VOA

He was born Cassius Clay. Later he became known as Muhammad Ali. He was a three-time heavyweight boxing champion. And, today his life is depicted in art and photography.

The ring violence and the kindness of Ali are depicted in simultaneous displays at the New York Historical Society. With remarkable similarity, LeRoy Neiman’s 20 sketches, paintings and posters, and George Kalinsky’s 44 photos feature Ali’s life in parallel fashion.

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

Perhaps even more remarkable are the close friendships the artist and photographer had with the outspoken, popular and often controversial public figure for almost 50 years, and with each other.

Exhibit scene illustrating the scope of LeRoy Neiman and George Kalinsky's work with Ali, New York Historical Society Museum & Library. (B. Shusman/VOA)
Exhibit scene illustrating the scope of LeRoy Neiman and George Kalinsky’s work with Ali, New York Historical Society Museum & Library. (B. Shusman/VOA)

Exhibit’s back story

Louise Mirrer, president and CEO of the historical society, said the twin exhibits happened “by very good fortune.” The society was thinking about using Neiman’s Ali water sketches and water colors as part of a Vietnam War exhibition planned for Fall 2017. Ali refused to serve in the military and will be forever attached to the Vietnam War era.

Ali & The California Gang at the 5th Street Gym, Miami. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Ali & The California Gang at the 5th Street Gym, Miami. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)

Society officials went to Neiman’s studio, checked out his Ali collection and decided not to wait until Fall. At the same time they met George Kalinsky. They checked out his folio of Ali photos. Originally they were thinking about a 75th birthday commemoration. Ali was born on January 17, 1942, in Louisville, Kentucky.

NewsGram brings to you top news around the world today.

Mirrer said, “We decided not to worry about the Vietnam show, but to commemorate Ali and celebrate him by moving ahead with the exhibitions as soon as possible.”

In a stately, landmark building, the Ali exhibits are simply displayed in two rooms on the second floor, right off a beautiful, wide, main staircase. The exhibits also will be a celebration of Black History Month in February 2017.

Round 8, Ali Knocks Out Joe's Mouthpiece, Oct. 1, 1975. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Round 8, Ali Knocks Out Joe’s Mouthpiece, Oct. 1, 1975. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)

Neiman & Ali

The one thing you get is the sense of how prolific Neiman was, and what a willing subject Ali was.

“Neiman’s portraits of Ali provide an intimate, personal look, at someone whose life was so much in the media and the press,” said Lily Wong, curator of the Neiman exhibit.

Check out NewsGram for latest international news updates.

“I think Neiman’s sketches really capture Ali in motion. A lot of them were done ringside or on the spot, so you really get a sense of Ali’s energy,” said Wong.

For Ali’s tenure at the top and beyond, Neiman was there.

“He would draw on any materials,” added Wong. “He always wanted to be in the thick of things, so you get so many different scenes, before fights and after fights.”

Cassius Clay's (Muhammad Ali) last workout before first Sonny Liston bout, Feb. 21 1964; (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Cassius Clay’s (Muhammad Ali) last workout before first Sonny Liston bout, Feb. 21 1964; (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Muhammad Ali & Sonny Liston, 1965. ( LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Muhammad Ali & Sonny Liston, 1965. ( LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Muhammad Ali with a coloring book of military officers, time of soul searching for Ali who contemplating his response to a draft notice, 1967 (George Kalinsky)
Muhammad Ali with a coloring book of military officers, time of soul searching for Ali who contemplating his response to a draft notice, 1967 (George Kalinsky)
Ali Praying. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)
Ali Praying. (LeRoy Neiman Foundation)

Neiman could draw on anything: restaurant menus, sketch books, napkins, fight posters. His style was groundbreaking. Many of Neiman’s sketches were mixed media and collage on paper or whatever he had available.

Neiman and Ali had similarities: They loved boxing, they loved the limelight, they often broke with convention and expectations, Ali with his antics and unconventional boxing style, and Neiman drawing sports and leisure life.

What is not known universally is Ali’s request to take sketching lessons from Neiman. Ali’s sketches were rudimentary, but, according to curator Lily Wong, he enjoyed painting, he even painted and used coloring books, some with military themes.

George Kalinsky, who photographed Ali for 50 years, standing In front of his photo. (New York Historical Society)
George Kalinsky, who photographed Ali for 50 years, standing In front of his photo. (New York Historical Society)

Ali’s Suspension & Reinstatement

Citing religious beliefs and opposition to the Vietnam war, Ali was stripped of his boxing titles in 1967. One of famed photographer George Kalinsky’s photos of Ali expressed Ali’s feelings about that controversial time. The U.S. Supreme Court overturned his conviction in 1971, almost four years after his last fight.

It is little known that when Ali’s suspension ended, he needed a license to box. He had no money. Kalinsky told me he was there when “Joe Frazier went with Ali and paid the licensing fee.” Ali and Frazier fought three memorable bouts, Ali winning the last two, regaining his heavyweight crown.

Joe Frazier and Muhammad Ali meet face to face prior to their first bout, "The Fight of the Century" in 1971. (George Kalinsky)
Joe Frazier and Muhammad Ali meet face to face prior to their first bout, “The Fight of the Century” in 1971. (George Kalinsky)

Friends or Foes?

The question asked about the two combatants, did they really hate each other?

The answer, from photographer George Kalinsky who knew them both, is no! Kalinsky spent thousands of hours with Ali over the 50 years of friendship. Prior to the first Ali-Frazier fight in 1971, he went to Joe Frazier’s gym in Philadelphia with Ali.

“There were several things I wanted to accomplish: one was to get them head to head,” said Kalinsky, noting, “that was the first time that anyone had them nose to nose.”

Muhammad Ali working out at Madison Square Garden, 1967. (George Kalinsky)
Muhammad Ali working out at Madison Square Garden, 1967. (George Kalinsky)

Rope-a-dope

There was another first. It was called “Rope-a-Dope.” The 1974 Ali-George Foreman fight in Zaire became famous because of Ali’s tactic. It is a classic story of the photographer, Kalinsky, suggesting a defense to wear down the heavily favored George Foreman.

Weeks before the bout, Ali met with Kalinsky in an empty Madison Square Garden. Ali, according to Kalinsky, told him “in one month I will be fighting George Foreman. He’s too fast, he’s too big, he’s too quick, he’s too strong, he’s too young.”

Ali also said, according to Kalinsky, “I can’t beat him, I’m afraid I can’t beat him.” Ali at the time was almost 33 years.

Muhammad Ali, The Mouth That Roared. (George Kalinsky/New York Historical Society)
Muhammad Ali, The Mouth That Roared. (George Kalinsky/New York Historical Society)

Kalinsky told him “do what you do in the gym with sparring partners. You lean against the ropes. You let them hit you and hit you. You don’t even punch back. But now I realize you were training for the Foreman bout.”

The discussion continued with Kalinsky telling Ali to let Foreman “hit you and hit you, eventually he will tire himself out and you’ll knock him out. It’s a dope on a rope,” according to Kalinsky. Ali responded, “you want me to do the rope-a-dope.”

Fight night, Foreman hit him and hit him … and basically knocked himself out. Eighth round … Foreman could not survive the bell.

476ef007-c807-464c-8912-fbf9e079e334_w610_r0_s
Ali & the Kid, Muhammad Ali has fun with a young child during a workout break, 1967. (George Kalinsky)

 

Outside the Ring

Both Neiman and Kalinsky, because of their friendship with Ali, knew, drew, and photographed many of the private moments that Ali encountered on a regular basis. There was never a child that he couldn’t pick up or play with.

In the show there is a Kalinsky photo entitled “Ali and the Kid.” Ali is on the canvas and the kid is standing over him with his arms up in victory.

“I love that picture,” said Kalinsky, “that’s what Ali loved to do. He loved making children happy.”

The exhibitions will be open through March 26, 2017. (VOA)

Next Story

What is the Future of US-India Relations? Here’s the Answer

The US presidential elections and future of India-US relations

0
India USA
Given the love fests of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Howdy Modi' event in Houston, Texas, in which Trump participated in September of 2019, and Trump's 'Namaste Trump' event hosted by Modi in India in February of this year, it might be assumed that the future for US-India relations is a splendid one. Wikimedia Commons

BY FRANK F. ISLAM

As the coronavirus pandemic dominates global news in the United States, progress toward the next presidential election scheduled to be held on November 3 moves slowly forward. President Donald Trump had no real opposition in the Republican party and is running for re-election. And it has now become apparent that former Vice President Joe Biden will be his opponent as the Democratic candidate for president.

What would a Trump victory bode for the future of US-India relations? What would a Biden victory bode? Let me answer each of those questions in turn.

Given the love fests of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Howdy Modi’ event in Houston, Texas, in which Trump participated in September of 2019, and Trump’s ‘Namaste Trump’ event hosted by Modi in India in February of this year, it might be assumed that the future for US-India relations is a splendid one. This would be an incorrect assumption.

Please follow NewsGram on Facebook to get updates on the latest news

Both of these events were more symbolic than substantive. Trump’s participation in them undoubtedly helped to persuade some — perhaps many — Indian American Modi supporters who voted for Hillary Clinton in 2016 to cast their ballots for Trump in 2020. Trump’s campaign team took steps to ensure this by holding an event at his Mar-a-Lago resort in which a group of prominent Indian Americans announced their plans to work for his re-election and to mobilize Indian Americans on his behalf.

India USA
It is essential that India and the US develop a strategic relationship that enables them to become those indispensable partners. Wikimedia Commons

To understand the future potential of India’s relations with the US. with Trump as president, however, it is necessary to look beyond these political moves and to examine the present state of those relations and Trump’s personal style.

In a word, the best way to characterize the current relations between the US and India is “functional”. The relationship was relatively good for the first two years of Trump’s presidency. In fact, near the end of 2018, Alice Wells, the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia, was quoted in the media s saying: “This has been a landmark year for US-India ties as we build out stronger relationships across the board.”

Then, in 2019, the relations went off the track in the first half of the year after the US and India got into a tit-for-tat tariff war after the US terminated India’s Generalized System of Preferences which allowed India to send certain goods to the US duty-free. There have been continuing efforts to structure a “modest” trade deal since then. It was thought there might be some type of deal done in September of 2019 while Modi was in the US by year’s end, and then during Trump’s India visit. But, as of today, there is still no deal.

This inability to get any meaningful trade agreement in place speaks volumes about India’s potential future relations with India with Trump as president. So, too does Trump’s style.

Trump’s campaign slogans this time around are “Keep America Great” and “Promises Made, Promises Kept.” Trump is not a policy wonk and most of his effort will go toward “America First”. This involves making the US more isolated by withdrawing from international agreements, restructuring trade agreements, emphasizing building walls to stop immigrants at the border, using tariffs to block trade with countries who are taking away American jobs, and confronting businesses who are allegedlly stealing American trade secrets.

This perspective suggests what India can expect for its relations with the US if it has to deal with Trump for a second term as president. The relations will stay functional at best. As I have said before, that’s because the words partnership, cooperation and collaboration are not in Trump’s vocabulary. Nationalism, isolationism and protectionism are.

Joe Biden stands in stark contrast to President Trump both professionally and personally. Biden is a strategic thinker and doer with a solid eight-year track record of leadership experience as Vice-President in forging alliances that have made a difference around the world and he has also been a long-standing friend of India.

India USA
To understand the future potential of India’s relations with the US. with Trump as president, however, it is necessary to look beyond these political moves and to examine the present state of those relations and Trump’s personal style. Wikimedia Commons

He was chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a leading advocate for the Congressional passage of the Indo-US civic nuclear deal in 2005. At a dinner convened 10 years later in 2015 by the Confederation of Indian Industry and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Vice President Biden discussed the tremendous joint progress that had been made by the two countries in the past and declared “We are on the cusp of a sea change decade.”

Please follow NewsGram on Twitter to get updates on the latest news

Early in his campaign for the Democratic nomination for president in July of 2019, in laying out his foreign policy vision, Biden stated that the US had to reach out to India and other Asian partners to strengthen ties with them. The items on Biden’s foreign policy agenda for strengthening which are of importance for India include climate change, nuclear proliferation and cyberwarfare.

During his vice presidency, Biden worked side by side with President Barack Obama to do things that would contribute to achieving Obama’s vision stated in 2010 of India and America being “indispensable partners in meeting the challenges of our time.” In 2020, those challenges are even greater than they were a decade ago.

That is why it is so essential that India and the US develop a strategic relationship that enables them to become those indispensable partners. That can happen if Biden assumes the presidency on January 20, 2021. It cannot happen if Donald Trump remains as president for a second term.

Also Read- Apple to Display COVID-19 Testing Sites on Maps

The results of this upcoming election in the US matter greatly for the future of the United States. They matter greatly for the future of India-US relations as well. Time and the American electorate will tell what that future will be. (IANS)

Next Story

Social Distancing and Lockdown are The Strongest Vaccine: Health Minister Harsh Vardhan

Bennett University organized an International Conference on COVID-19: Fallout and Future

0
Health conference
"We do not anticipate the worst kind of situation in India like other developed countries, but still we have prepared the whole country for the worst situation," said Vardhan. Wikimedia Commons

By Kanan Parmar

Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan emphasised on Social Distancing saying, “Social Distancing and lockdown are the strongest vaccine against COVID-19 at the moment,” during an International Conference on COVID-19: Fallout and Future.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan addressed the International Conference on COVID-19: Fallout and Future organized by Bennett University on April 9, 2020.

Dr. Vardhan spoke about how India has taken all the necessary steps to prevent coronavirus in India and also gives the latest updates on COVID-19 news.

Please follow NewsGram on Twitter to get updates on the latest news

The minister said that more than a lakh people were trained and educated about the COVID-19 pandemic. These included aviation crew, airport staff, healthcare professionals, etc.  Over 2,500 Indians have been evacuated from various countries. There have been dedicated ICU beds and ventilators for COVID-19 patients.

The health minister highlighted that the even bigger challenge than containing COVID-19 is to stop the spread of misinformation. The minister said, “Anyone who wants authentic information about coronavirus should go through the website of Ministry of Health and Welfare to obtain information.”

health covid-19
The Health Minister advises that N95 masks are to be used only by healthcare professionals. Pixabay

He also thanked healthcare professionals saying, “I would like to thank all the COVID-19 warriors to fight this war against coronavirus.”

The health minister advises that N95 and surgical masks aren’t to be worn by all citizens but only medical staff due to the shortage. The basic necessity is to cover your mouth using any cloth or cotton mask which can also be homemade.

Talking about the positive aspects, Health Minster Dr. Harsh Vardhan said, “COVID-19 is a blessing in disguise. Most of the medical equipments used to be imported but now with the help of Ministry of Textiles, we have found manufactures in India.”

Please follow NewsGram on Instagram to get updates on the latest news

“We are in constant touch with the World Health Organization and the WHO has appreciated the efforts taken by the Government of India and Ministry of Health to contain coronavirus,” said Dr. Vardhan.

Many other professionals were present in the conference. These include. Dr. David Nabarro, the special envoy for WHO, Mr. Arvind Virmani, an economic advisor, Mr. Subash Chandra Garg, the former finance secretary of India,Gurcharan Das, Prof. Wenjuan ZhangProf. Beatrice GallelliEoghan SweeneyIrene Jay Liu, a data journalist, Prof. Rasmus Nielsen, Prof. Ashish Kumar Jha and many more.

Other presenters talked about the economic, social and political impacts of the pandemic.

Health conference
Dr. David Nabarro is an international civil servant and diplomat.

Dr. David Nabarro, the special envoy for the World Health Organization said that all the information given by WHO is based on researches done by scientists and doctors.

Health conference
Mr. Gurcharan is an Indian author.

Gurcharan Das, an Indian author said, “Biggest failure of the government is not testing enough.” He also said that the Modi government is in a ‘Dharam sankat’ and faced a challenge on whether to lift the lockdown or not.

Health conference
Mr. Subhash Chandra Garg has served as the Economic Affairs Secretary and Finance Secretary of India.

Mr. Subhash Chandra Garg, the former finance secretary of India believes that there should be a partial lockdown in India.

Also Read- Prime Minister Narendra Modi Urges Citizens to Help Financially Poor People

Ms. Beatrice Gallelli tells us about what went wrong in Italy and also talks about the North-South equality in Italy which lead to the increase in coronavirus cases.

Eoghan Sweeney talks about the spread of misinformation during the times of an epidemic or pandemic.

 

Next Story

Find out How Coronavirus Pandemic Has Disrupted Global Food Supplies

Explainer: How Coronavirus Crisis Is Affecting Food Supply

0
coronavirus
People wait in line to buy food amid concerns about the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in downtown Havana, Cuba. VOA

The coronavirus pandemic has disrupted global food supplies and is causing labor shortages in agriculture worldwide. This is the latest health news.

Are there food shortages?

Panic buying by shoppers cleared supermarket shelves of staples such as pasta and flour as populations worldwide prepared for lockdowns.

Meat and dairy producers as well as fruit and vegetable farmers struggled to shift supplies from restaurants to grocery stores, creating the perception of shortages for consumers.

Retailers and authorities say there are no underlying shortages and supplies of most products have been or will be replenished. Bakery and pasta firms in Europe and North America have increased production.

Please follow NewsGram on Instagram to get updates on the latest news

Food firms say panic purchasing is subsiding as households have stocked up and are adjusting to lockdown routines.

coronavirus
Agricultural workers clean carrot crops of weeds amid an outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) at a farm near Arvin, California, U.S. VOA

The logistics to get food from the field to the plate, however, are being increasingly affected and point to longer-term problems.

In the short term, lack of air freight and trucker shortages are disrupting deliveries of fresh food.

In the long term, lack of labor is affecting planting and harvesting and could cause shortages and rising prices for staple crops in a throwback to the food crises that shook developing nations a decade ago.

What’s disrupting the food supply?

With many planes grounded and shipping containers hard to find after the initial coronavirus crisis in China, shipments of vegetables from Africa to Europe or fruit from South America to the United States are being disrupted.

A labor shortage could also cause crops to rot in the fields.

As spring starts in Europe, farms are rushing to find enough workers to pick strawberries and asparagus, after border closures prevented the usual flow of foreign laborers. France has called on its own citizens to help offset an estimated shortfall of 200,000 workers.

Please follow NewsGram on Facebook to get updates on the latest news

More wide-scale crop losses are looming in India, where a lockdown has sent masses of workers home, leaving farms and markets short of hands as staple crops like wheat near harvest.

Is food going to cost more?

Wheat futures surged in March to two-month highs, partly because of the spike in demand for bakery and pasta goods, while corn (maize) sank to a 3½-year low as its extensive use in biofuel exposed it to an oil price collapse.

Benchmark Thai white rice prices have already hit their highest level in eight years.

Swings in commodity markets are not necessarily passed on in prices of grocery goods, as food firms typically buy raw materials in advance. A sustained rise in prices will, however, eventually be passed on to consumers.

coronavirus
A farmer feeds iceberg lettuce to his buffalo during a 21-day nationwide lockdown to slow the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at Bhuinj village in Satara district in the western state of Maharashtra, India. VOA

Some poorer countries subsidize food to keep prices stable.

Please follow NewsGram on Twitter to get updates on the latest news

The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization has warned that a rush to buy by countries that rely on imports of staple foods could fuel global food inflation, despite ample reserves of staple crops.

Fresh produce such as fruit or fish or unprocessed grains such as rice reflect more immediately changes in supply and demand.

Will there be enough food if the crisis lasts?

Analysts say global supplies of the most widely consumed food crops are adequate. Wheat production is projected to be at record levels in the year ahead.

Also Read- Every Hospital in US May Treat COVID-19 Patients: Health Human Service Agency

However, the concentration of exportable supply of some food commodities in a small number of countries and export restrictions by big suppliers concerned about having enough supply at home can make world supply more fragile than headline figures suggest.

Another source of tension in global food supply could be China. There are signs the country is scooping up foreign agricultural supplies as it emerges from its coronavirus shutdown and rebuilds its massive pork industry after a devastating pig disease epidemic. (VOA)