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Will Pedestrians in Urban Neighbourhood feel comfortable in a world full of Self-driving Cars?

Autonomous vehicles may facilitate a shift towards pedestrian-oriented urban neighborhoods

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Picture with a sign for pedestrians. Wikimedia Commons

October 31, 2016: What would it be like to be a pedestrian in an urban neighborhood where most of the cars are self-driving? Actually, pretty good, suggests new research.

Self-driving cars are by design risk-averse and they are programmed to obey the rules of the road, including waiting for pedestrians to cross, the researchers said.

“Autonomous vehicles have the potential to transform travel behavior,” said study author Adam Millard-Ball, Assistant Professor at University of California – Santa Cruz, US.

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Secure in the knowledge that a car will yield, pedestrians merely need to act unpredictably or step into the street to force the risk-averse car to stop, said the study that looked at the prospect of urban areas where a majority of vehicles are “autonomous” or self-driving.

The research, published online in the Journal of Planning Education and Research, uses game theory to analyze the interactions between pedestrians and self-driving vehicles, with a focus on yielding at crosswalks.

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Because autonomous vehicles are by design risk-averse, Millard-Ball’s model suggests that pedestrians will be able to act with impunity, and he thinks autonomous vehicles may facilitate a shift towards pedestrian-oriented urban neighborhoods.

However, the study also suggests that the potential benefits of self-driving cars — avoiding tedium of traffic and trauma of collisions — may be outweighed by the drawbacks of an always play-it-safe vehicle that slows traffic for everybody.

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“From the point of view of a passenger in an automated car, it would be like driving down a street filled with unaccompanied five-year-old children,” Millard-Ball wrote. (IANS)

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Even After Three Days, Nearly 700 Still in Measles Quarantine in Los Angeles

The quarantines mark one of the most sweeping efforts by health officials to contain the nation’s measles outbreak, where cases have reached a 25-year high.

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A poster released by Los Angeles County Department of Public Health is seen as experts answer questions regarding the measles response and the quarantine orders in Los Angeles, April 26, 2019. VOA

Nearly 700 people possibly exposed to measles at two Los Angeles universities are still quarantined three days after health officials ordered the precautions to contain the spread of the highly contagious disease.

A spokesman for California State University, Los Angeles, said Saturday that 106 staff members and 550 students have been told to stay at home and avoid contact with others.

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People move about the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles, April 26, 2019. Some students and employees possibly exposed to measles at two Los Angeles universities were still quarantined on campus or told to stay home Friday, but the number was dwindling. VOA

Thirty students and employees from the University of California, Los Angeles, remain quarantined.

Those under quarantine were possibly exposed to a person with measles on each campus earlier this month.

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Thirty students and employees from the University of California, Los Angeles, remain quarantined. Pixabay

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Many people have been cleared after proving their immunity with medical records or tests.

The quarantines mark one of the most sweeping efforts by health officials to contain the nation’s measles outbreak, where cases have reached a 25-year high. (VOA)