Monday December 16, 2019

Women Are More Prone To Drug Addiction Than Men

Women represent a particularly vulnerable population, with higher rates of addiction following exposure to drugs, said researcher Erin Calipari, Assistant Professor at Vanderbilt University in the US.

0
//
addiction
Women represent a particularly vulnerable population, with higher rates of addiction following exposure to drugs, said researcher Erin Calipari, Assistant Professor at Vanderbilt University in the US. Pixabay

Women’s hormonal cycles may not only make them prone to drug addiction but are also affected by triggers that lead to relapse, new research has found.

When fertility-related hormone levels are high, females learn faster, make stronger associations to cues in their environment and are more inclined to seek rewards, according to a study published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.

Women represent a particularly vulnerable population, with higher rates of addiction following exposure to drugs, said researcher Erin Calipari, Assistant Professor at Vanderbilt University in the US.

woman

Females were willing to “pay” more in the presence of these cues to get cocaine, the findings showed. Pixabay

“Women becoming addicted to drugs may be a fundamentally different process than men,” she said. “It’s important to understand this, because it’s the first step in developing treatments that are actually effective,” Calipari said.

The next step, she said, would be to figure out specifics of how hormonal shifts affect women’s brains and, ultimately, develop medications that could help override those.

In this study, male and female rats were allowed to dose themselves with cocaine by pushing a lever, with a light set up to come on during dosing.

That’s similar to the environmental cues, such as drug paraphernalia, present when humans are taking drugs.

women
The results are transferable to humans through behavioural economic analysis, which uses a complicated mathematical equation with values for the most and least a subject will do to get a payoff, said the study. Pixabay

When hormone levels were high, female rats made stronger associations with the light and were more likely to keep pushing the lever as much as it took to get any amount of cocaine.

Also Read: Conflicts with Your Mother in Childhood May Reduce Purpose in Life Later

Females were willing to “pay” more in the presence of these cues to get cocaine, the findings showed.

The results are transferable to humans through behavioural economic analysis, which uses a complicated mathematical equation with values for the most and least a subject will do to get a payoff, said the study. (IANS)

Next Story

Here’s Everything you Need to Know about Shopping Addiction

Are you addicted to shopping? Then here's everything you should know

0
Young women suffer from shopping addiction. Lifetime Stock

BY SIDDHI JAIN

Shopping addiction, a behavior particularly common in young women and online shoppers, can give you signs that it has arrived for you.

Anuneet Sabharwal, a Delhi-based psychiatrist, lists signs of shopping addiction and how you can de-addict yourself.

There are two different types of addictions, behavioral (like addiction sex, porn, shopping, etc) and substance use (addiction to alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, etc), he told IANSlife.

addiction of shopping
Signs of shopping addiction includes withdrawal symptoms. Lifetime Stock

Signs of a shopping addiction:

1. Tolerance, you need more and more doses of that particular behavior to get the same satisfaction

2. Withdrawal, both emotional and physical.

3. Neglect of other activities and obsession to the point that you’re not able to take any action on it

4. You are unable to control what you’re shopping when you’re shopping, you’re unable to maintain your social and occupational life

5. Whenever you are not shopping, you’re thinking about shopping and you’re experiencing some kind of distress, so it becomes a way for you to release stress.

6. You have a high for the buy. You’re thinking about the next binge of shopping.

Addiction
People suffering from shopping addiction show signs like neglecting all other activities except for shopping. Lifetime Stock

Shopping addiction is mostly diagnosed in young women (early 20s to late 30s), which has a strong cultural component to it. It appears to be more in women than women, just like alcoholism is more prevalent in men. “Also, now everywhere you see, there’s branding and a nudge to shop,” the expert said.

How to de-addict?

1. It affects those who do online Shopping. Get rid of all your debit and credit cards, and adopt cash. You have to then drive to the shop. Place barriers between you and the addiction.

Also Read- The Main Benefits of Opening an Online Business

2. Your craving lasts for less than 2-3 minutes to manage it during that time.

3. Remove visual cues like apps on your phone that prompts you to indulge in shopping behavior. (IANS)