Monday December 10, 2018

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2016 Focuses on Using Antibiotics with Care

Antibiotics are not smart enough to selectively target the bad bacteria and destroy it and keep the other good cells around them safe

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Representational image. Pixabay.
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November 17, 2016: The week of November14-20 marks the second World Antibiotic Awareness Week.

Antibiotics are not smart enough to selectively target the bad bacteria and destroy it and keep the other good cells around them safe. Rather, they wipe out a whole population of bacteria, good and bad, some of them may be are beneficial to the body.
During this process, some bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics to allow them to survive the adverse condition thereby reducing the desire effect of antibiotics.

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During this process, some bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics to allow them to survive the adverse condition thereby reducing the desire effect of antibiotics.

Different antibiotics are used for treating many serious infections in protecting cancer patients, surgical patients, people with bad immune systems, and to promoting growth and preventing disease in livestock. Moreover, once-treatable infections are becoming tough to cure due to antibiotic resistance.

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This year, the WHO-lead initiative of World Antibiotic Awareness Week’s main purpose is to increase the awareness of global antibiotic resistance. It is also to encourage the best practices among public in general, health workers and also the policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of the antibiotic resistance.

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Antibiotic resistance is everyone’s problem, and therefore, it is everyone’s responsibility to avoid it. People in a responsible manner should avoid antibiotics to treat common viral infections like common cold or flu or diarrhoea.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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Road Traffic Accidents Cause 1.35 Mn Deaths Each Year: WHO

WHO noted that 48 middle- and high-income countries that have implemented strong road traffic laws and other safety measures have made progress in reducing road deaths.

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Traffic Crashes, Road Traffic
Two bikes were involved in an accident with a bus that crashed and turned on its roof near the town of Franschhoek, South Africa, March 7, 2015. VOA

The World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for urgent action to put a brake on road traffic crashes that kill 1.35 million people every year, mostly in poor developing countries.

In Geneva, the U.N. agency launched its global status report on road safety 2018.

The report found road traffic injuries to be the leading killer of children and young people aged five to 29 years, with a death occurring every 24 seconds. The report said more than half of those killed are pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcycle riders and passengers.

Etienne Krug, head of the U.N. Agency’s Department on Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention, called these deaths a huge inequality issue.

Traffic Signals, Road Traffic
Traffic and congestion on roads is frequent in all cities of India. Wikimedia

“Low-income countries have one percent of the vehicles in the world and 13 percent of all the deaths; while high-income countries have 40 percent of all the vehicles,” Krug said. “So, that is 40 times more, but only seven percent of the deaths.That is half of the deaths with 40 times more vehicles.”

The report said death rates are highest in Africa and lowest in Europe. Some of the key risk factors include speeding, drinking and driving, and failure to use seat belts, motorcycle helmets and child restraints.

Krug said putting the right measures in place will save lives. These include the right legislation and enforcement, creating special lanes for cyclists and improving the quality of vehicles.

Road accidents in India
Road accidents in India. Pixabay

“It is not acceptable that vehicles are being sold in developing countries that look the same as the vehicles that we see here in Switzerland or the U.S. or anywhere else, but that are not,” Krug told VOA. “Because to make them cheaper, they have been stripped of all of their safety features, such as air bags or electronic stability control, etc.”

WHO noted that 48 middle- and high-income countries that have implemented strong road traffic laws and other safety measures have made progress in reducing road deaths.

Also Read: HIV Epidemic Spreading Rapidly in Pakistan: WHO

However, it said no such progress has been made in low-income countries where safety measures are lacking. (VOA)