Sunday February 24, 2019

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2016 Focuses on Using Antibiotics with Care

Antibiotics are not smart enough to selectively target the bad bacteria and destroy it and keep the other good cells around them safe

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Representational image. Pixabay.

November 17, 2016: The week of November14-20 marks the second World Antibiotic Awareness Week.

Antibiotics are not smart enough to selectively target the bad bacteria and destroy it and keep the other good cells around them safe. Rather, they wipe out a whole population of bacteria, good and bad, some of them may be are beneficial to the body.
During this process, some bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics to allow them to survive the adverse condition thereby reducing the desire effect of antibiotics.

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During this process, some bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics to allow them to survive the adverse condition thereby reducing the desire effect of antibiotics.

Different antibiotics are used for treating many serious infections in protecting cancer patients, surgical patients, people with bad immune systems, and to promoting growth and preventing disease in livestock. Moreover, once-treatable infections are becoming tough to cure due to antibiotic resistance.

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This year, the WHO-lead initiative of World Antibiotic Awareness Week’s main purpose is to increase the awareness of global antibiotic resistance. It is also to encourage the best practices among public in general, health workers and also the policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of the antibiotic resistance.

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Antibiotic resistance is everyone’s problem, and therefore, it is everyone’s responsibility to avoid it. People in a responsible manner should avoid antibiotics to treat common viral infections like common cold or flu or diarrhoea.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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Pregnant Women To Be Vaccinated Against The Deadly Ebola Virus

Ring vaccination is a strategy that prevents the spread of the disease by vaccinating only those likely to be infected with the virus.

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Ring vaccination is a strategy that prevents the spread of the disease by vaccinating only those likely to be infected with the virus. VOA

An independent advisory body convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends pregnant women and breastfeeding women in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo be vaccinated against the deadly Ebola virus. Latest WHO figures put the number of Ebola cases in the DRC at 853, including 521 deaths since the beginning of the outbreak in August.

More than 80,000 people so far have been vaccinated against Ebola in the African country’s conflict-ridden North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the current outbreak. The vaccine is still in its experimental stage. But since 2015 it has been given to thousands of people in Africa, Europe and the United States.

The studies of the efficacy of the vaccine are not conclusive. However, they indicate the serum is safe and protects people against Ebola. On the basis of accumulated evidence, the group of immunization experts recommends continued ring vaccination for Ebola in DRC.

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The WHO says all vaccinated pregnant women will be closely monitored until the birth of their babies to see if there are any adverse effects. Pixabay

Ring vaccination is a strategy that prevents the spread of the disease by vaccinating only those likely to be infected with the virus. WHO spokesman, Tarek Jasarevic says the experts advise pregnant women at high risk of infection and death from Ebola should be given the vaccination.

“So, this aim, this vaccinating of women would protect them, provide them with more protection. But we also know that if we use this ring vaccination that women who are in the community that is vaccinated then have a low risk. So, it is really between risk and benefits and we hope that the use of the vaccine in pregnant women will generate some data for the future,” Jasarevic said.

ring vaccine
On the basis of accumulated evidence, the group of immunization experts recommends continued ring vaccination for Ebola in DRC. Pixabay

The group of experts advise the vaccine be given to pregnant women in their second or third trimester as well as to breastfeeding women and babies under one year old.

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The experts also recommend that one or more of three other new experimental Ebola vaccines be tested in areas neighboring the affected regions. They say pregnant and breastfeeding women should be included in these trials.

The WHO says all vaccinated pregnant women will be closely monitored until the birth of their babies to see if there are any adverse effects. (VOA)