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World Bank approves $250 million program to improve the quality of elementary teachers in Bihar

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By NewsgRam Staff Writer

The World Bank approved a $250 million credit for Enhancing Teacher Effectiveness in Bihar Program to improve the effectiveness of elementary school teachers in Bihar by making them more qualified, accountable and responsive.

The program will be implemented over a five year period and will support  development of high quality education institutions; ensure certification for unqualified elementary school teachers and continuous professional development of teachers in service; help effective teacher management and performance; and improve teacher accountability at the school level.

“In order to improve the learning outcomes of children in Bihar, it is critical that robust systems for developing high quality teachers are in place,” said Onno Ruhl, World Bank Country Director in India. “This program will equip teachers with the skill and knowledge they need to be more effective in the classroom by focusing on teacher training, performance, and accountability.” 

Lack of trained teachers seems to be one of the biggest impediments in improving the quality of education in Bihar. By 2020, the number of teachers is expected to exceed 600,000. However, the state’s training capacity is less than 5,000 newly trained teachers per year whereas it needs to train at least ten times more teachers annually. The challenge to train teachers in a conducive learning environment has become greater after the recent expansion in the number of teachers in Bihar. This has been compounded by years of underinvestment in teacher education in Bihar since the 1990s. The state needs better institutions for teacher education, effective teaching practices, improved teacher performance, strong accountability measures and strengthened monitoring and governance arrangements.

The program, approved the World Bank’s Board of executive Directors , will be part of the Government of Bihar’s school education reform program (also known as Manav Vikas program), which is implementing a wide-set of reforms to improve the quality of education, especially for elementary level children. It will benefit some 450,000 teachers in government elementary schools in Bihar, particularly the 65,000 new unqualified entrants who will receive certification through Open Distance Learning (ODL).  As a result, some 21.2 million elementary school students are expected to gain access to improved classroom teaching and learning.

Institutions like the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT), District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs), Primary Teacher Education Centers (PTECs) at the district level and Block Resource Centers (BRCs) and Cluster Resource Centers (CRCs) at the sub-district level will be strengthened to function as local learning centers. They will offer a full range of teacher education activities, including local group discussions, tutorials, and remote teaching sessions.

“While Bihar has experienced a 10 percent reduction in absenteeism rates between 2003 and 2010 because of improved inspection and monitoring, teacher absenteeism continues to be quite high.  This program will help the state improve the learning environment and the performance of teachers in schools, with strong monitoring, evaluation and governance mechanisms,” said Shabnam Sinha, Senior Education Specialist and the Task Team Leader for the program.

 

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World Bank shareholders endorse capital increase plan

Following the capital increase plan announced Saturday, the combined financing arms of the World Bank

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World Bank's prompt decission to pause two seperate projects with India nad Pakistan came after India's objection against it
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The World Bank has said its shareholders endorsed a capital increase package, a series of internal reforms, and a set of policy measures to strengthen the international lender’s capabilities.

The $13 billion capital increase package includes $7.5 billion of paid-in capital for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the group’s primary lending arm, and $5.5 billion for the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the group’s private sector lending arm, said the World Bank in a statement on Saturday, Xinhua reported.

World BAnk shareholders to have better plans.

World Bank shareholders also endorsed a $52.6 billion callable capital increase for IBRD, the statement said.

“Through the historic agreement endorsed today, our shareholders have clearly demonstrated a renewed confidence in global cooperation,” World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim said.

“This capital package allows for greater responsiveness to risks to global stability and security, particularly in poorer countries and fragile states,” Kim added.

Following the capital increase plan announced Saturday, the combined financing arms of the World Bank are expected to reach an average annual capacity of nearly $100 billion between fiscal year 2019 and fiscal year 2030, said the World Bank. Kim said at a press briefing this week that the capital increase package doesn’t target changes of loans to any specific country.

Also Read: India will become High-Middle Income Country by 2047, says World Bank CEO

“It’s about how we think about income levels and how the World Bank Group can continue to be a partner and to support all of our member countries who are still clients,” he argued. He said that the multilateral lender would increase lending to lower middle-income countries over time. IANS