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Atomic Theory first conceptualised by Indian sage Acharya Kanad about 2,600 years ago

Acharya Kanad is believed to proactively note down his theories and concepts and also used to make his work available for the common population

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Representational Image. Image source: Wikimedia Commons

August 31, 2016:  A man born in Prabhas Kshetra in the year 600 BC, went around the streets of Pragya, a pilgrimage destination by collecting grains and flowers, offered to the temple, littered by the devotees.

A surprised and intrigued crowd inquired the reason behind Kashyap’s actions; to which the man replied- An individual grain may seem worthless, but a collection of grains make up a person’s meal, and a collection of many meals can feed an entire family, and what is mankind but a collection of many families .Thus even a single grain is as valuable as all the riches in the world.

This man thus earned the title of Kanad , which means ’kan’ in Sanskrit and when translated in English means- “The smallest particle”. Acharya Kanad’s real name was Kashyap.

Kanad was always known to be extremely observant of his surroundings, and often developed and understood the most complex of ideas through the simplest of means. He developed his own theory ‘Anu’ , the atom when he noticed that he wasn’t able to physically disintegrate a piece of food item beyond a limit. He conceptualised the Idea that objects can be disintegrated into smaller particles up to a point where further splitting was impossible. He named this indivisible particle as Anu or parmanu, both of which means the atom.

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He also proposed the idea of the combination of atoms to form a bigger substance, which exhibited properties of the parent atoms, which became visible to the human eye after the combination had enough atoms involved, which resulted in increased size. He named the resultant substance as Dwinuka (Binary molecule). Evidence in History claimed that kanad said, ”Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form molecules.”

Kanad is believed to proactively note down his theories and concepts and also used to make his work available for the common population and therefore this genius earned the title of ‘Acharya,’  the Sanskrit translation of ‘Teacher’.

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Acharya Kanad was the founder of Vaisheshika School of Philosophy where he used to teach adn share his ideas about the atom as well as the nature of the universe. Acharya wrote a book too on his research– Vaisheshik Darshan, and hence he came to be known as ‘The Father of Atomic Theory’.

However, there are claims of ambiguity in regards to the origin of the Idea of the Atom. The origin is credited to the early Greeks by some, while others attributed the origin of the concept to the Indians.

– by Usman Zafar of NewsGram. Twitter: @HalkiSiChuban

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Tech Giant Google Funds Six AI-based Projects in India

Google Research India is based out of Bengaluru and will be part of and support Google's global network of researchers

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Google Research India is based out of Bengaluru and will be part of and support Google's global network of researchers. Pixabay

Google on Tuesday started six Artificial Intelligence (AI) based research projects in India that would focus on addressing social, humanitarian and environmental challenges in sectors like healthcare, education, disaster prevention and conversation.

Google Research India will provide each team with funding and computational resources in addition to supporting the efforts with expertise in computer vision, natural language processing, and other deep learning techniques, the company said in a statement.

“We are increasingly seeing people apply AI to address big challenges. Therefore, we have made research in AI for Social Good one of the key focus areas of Google Research India — the AI lab we started in Bengaluru last year in September,” said Manish Gupta, Director, Google Research Team, India.

Among the six projects are improving health information for high HIV/AIDS risk communities from team from IIT Delhi led by Tavpritesh Sethi, team from Singapore Management University led by Pradeep Varakantham and nonprofit Swasti.

Researchers from IIT Madras led by Balaraman Ravindran and nonprofit Armman will use AI to predict the risk of expectant mothers dropping out of healthcare programmes, to improve targeted interventions and increase positive healthcare outcomes for mothers and their babies.

The team from Singapore Management University led by Arunesh Sinha and nonprofit Khushibaby will apply AI to help ensure consistency in how healthcare information is captured and monitored.

Another team from Singapore Management University led by Pradeep Varakantham along with nonprofit Wildlife Conservation Trust will use AI to predict human-wildlife conflict in the state of Maharashtra to help inform data-driven policy making.

The team of Nanyang Technology University led by Bo An and nonprofit Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology & The Environment will apply AI to inform dam and barrage water releases, to help build early warning systems that minimise risk of disasters.

Google
Google on Tuesday started six Artificial Intelligence (AI) based research projects in India that would focus on addressing social, humanitarian and environmental challenges in sectors like healthcare, education, disaster prevention and conversation. Pixabay

The last team from AI4Bharat and IIT Madras led by Mitesh Khapra and Pratyush Kumar along with nonprofit Storyweaver will build open-source input tools for underserved Indian languages to accelerate publishing of openly licensed content.

“We look forward to supporting academic researchers, organisations and the broader community over the coming months and years to bring these projects to life,” said Milind Tambe, Director, AI for Social Good, Google Research Team, India.

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Google Research India is based out of Bengaluru and will be part of and support Google’s global network of researchers. (IANS)