Saturday October 20, 2018

Chronic Diseases Raise Cancer and Mortality Risk

Chronic diseases are not yet a target in cancer prevention schemes 

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Chronic diseases are not yet included in cancer prevention schemes.
Chronic diseases are not yet included in cancer prevention schemes.
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  • Many chronic diseases are found to have been the cause of cancer
  • This also has an effect on the mortality rate
  • Chronic diseases are not yet a target in cancer prevention schemes

Several common chronic diseases including hypertension, heart disease and diabetes, together account for more than a fifth of new cancer cases and more than a third of cancer deaths, finds a study.

Chronic diseases were responsible for 71 per cent of deaths globally in 2015, primarily from cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and respiratory disease, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, published in the Lancet.

Chronic diseases can cause cancer as well.
Chronic diseases can cause cancer as well.

The study found that cardiovascular disease markers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease markers, pulmonary disease, and gouty arthritis marker were individually associated with risk of developing cancer or cancer death.

Also Read: Colorectal Cancer Rising Among Young Adults

High chronic disease risk scores were also associated with substantial reduction in life span.

The highest scores were associated with 13.3 years of life lost in men and 15.9 years of life lost in women.

They also found that physical activity was associated with a nearly 40 per cent reduction in the excess risks of cancer and cancer death associated with chronic diseases and markers.

Other than chronic diseases, lifestyle habits like smoking causes cancer too. Pixabay
Other than chronic diseases, lifestyle habits like smoking causes cancer too. Pixabay

Besides, chronic diseases, lifestyle factors like smoking, insufficient physical activity, insufficient fruit and vegetable intake, alcohol consumption, also lead to cancer, said the researchers led by Xifeng Wu, Professor at the University of Texas in Houston, US.

Also Read: Alcohol can be linked with seven types of Cancer: Research

According to the study, published in the journal BJM, chronic diseases are not targeted in the current cancer prevention strategies.

Studies have shown that certain chronic diseases may predispose to cancer, but these studies generally assessed chronic diseases or disease markers individually.

Cancer prevention schemes are now focusing on chronic diseases as well. IANS
Cancer prevention schemes are now focusing on chronic diseases as well. IANS

Yet chronic diseases tend to be clustered together, so there is a need to understand more about their joint impact on cancer risk, the researchers mentioned.

For the study, the team included 405,878 men and women with no history of cancer.

They investigated the combined effect of eight common chronic diseases or disease markers on cancer risk compared with lifestyle factors. IANS

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Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Feels Need For More Awareness Among People Regarding Cancer

She applauded WCI's event for supporting and taking care of various issues related to cancer, especially amongst underprivileged women

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Aishwarya Rai Bachchan.
Aishwarya Rai Bachchan.

Actress Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, who supported a Women’s Cancer Initiative (WCI) event here, says people generally need to be more aware about the disease as early detection can give them a better chance at a cure.

Aishwarya interacted with the media when she supported WCI’s Soul Stirrings event, hosted by Tata Memorial Hospital here on Tuesday.

The actress and former Miss World pointed out that there are many myths in the country about cancer as a disease.

“There are so many myths and misconceptions in our country that it is astonishing to realise and recognise that there are so many people even in this day and age who believe that a disease like cancer could possibly be contagious to us. That’s shocking, but to many it seems that’s a fact.

“That just boils down to lack of awareness, education, access to information, recognising what this disease is all about and the step you need to take as simple as early detection,” she said.

Aishwarya Rai hopes people get more aware around cancer
Aishwarya Rai hopes people get more aware around cancer. Pixabay

Aishwarya Rai Bachchan said it is important to educate people and create awareness among them about cancer.

“Events such as these have come together to draw attention and raise awareness, increase dialogue, make information more accessible to people and have people coming for their regular check-ups for early detection because that in the course of action is referred to as a baby step, but it is the most important step to a possible cure of the disease when a patient has it.

Also Read- ASUS Unveils 2 New Smartphones In India

“So, earlier detection gives you a higher chance at a cure and that’s a possibility that every person should humanly have a right to access. We hope this early detection of curable cancer in women will be an important component of the cancer control program in India.”

She applauded WCI’s event for supporting and taking care of various issues related to cancer, especially amongst underprivileged women. (IANS)