Wednesday January 24, 2018

Former Soviet Dictator Josef Stalin’s Victims Still Being found 80 Years After The Great Terror in Russia

A group Memorial discovers unrecorded burial sites of the victims of the Great Purge

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November 12, 2016: The Great Purge or Great Terror are terms used to refer to the darkest periods of Russian history. Thousands were massacred in Russia under the suspicion of being enemies of the people of the Soviet Union.

The purge was inspired by the idea of eliminating dissenters and to fortify the authority of Josef Stalin in the Soviet Union. The prosecutions were majorly focused on eminent bureaucrats, military leaders and many other members of the Communist Party. It also affected many other sects of the society. The “fifth column” communities or the national minorities faced number of NKVD (Soviet Secret Police) operations. Most of the purges were explained as precautionary campaigns to eliminate the risk of espionage.

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Victims were accused of being anti-Soviet agitators taking part in sabotaging the country by conspiring against the state. These terrorized victims were reportedly tortured for confessions and many were executed by shooting them or sent to labor camps to work in the poorest conditions possible. Many perished due disease, starvation and exposure to very harsh work environments.

Nikolai Yezhov
Nikolai Yezhov. Wikimedia

Although The Purge was initiated by NKVD chief Genrikh Yagoda, it reached its epitome under the supervision of NKVD chief Nikolai Yezhov (September 1936-August 1938).

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Once perceived as an enemy, the fate of the victim was sealed. There are records of mass burial sites where the bodies were dumped. But even today, multiple burial grounds have been discovered which have no existence in the records. This shows that there may have been a lot more casualties than recorded.

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A group called ‘Memorial’ has started collecting evidence and records of the massacres in the 1990s. The group has been trying to document the massacres during this dark chapter of Russian history. The researchers at Memorial have been requesting for documents mentioning the locations of the mass burials and execution grounds but the FSB keeps denying the existence of any such documentation in its archives.

Every autumn, ceremonies are held to pay respect to the victims. Memorial has also launched a program called Last Address in which plaques are placed holding the identities and addresses of the victims of Stalin’s political repression.

– by Shivam Thaker of NewsGram. Twitter: @Shivam_Thaker

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Copyright 2016 NewsGram

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Top 10 interesting facts you need to know about BRAHMOS Missile

The deadly BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land.

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The name of the missile is taken out from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. Wikimedia Commons
The name of the missile is taken out from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. Wikimedia Commons

NEW DELHI: Over the years, India has emerged as a superpower to reckon with. The warfighting capabilities with cutting-edge technological advancements have manifold increased India’s potential at the global level. The man behind the success of India’s missile program is none other than the Late President APJ Abdul Kalam. The BrahMos Aerospace CEO, Sudhir Mishra has also credited the success of Indian missile program to Abdul Kalam.

The deadly BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. The strike-range of the missile is over 290 km and is ranked one of the most advanced missiles of this generation.

The missile can be launched from various platforms. Wikimedia Commons
The missile can be launched from various platforms. Wikimedia Commons

The project was a joint venture between Republic of India’s Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia. The both these organization have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. The name of the missile is taken out from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

Let’s take a look at some of the facts related to BRAHMOS Missile:

  1. BrahMos missile is the world’s fastest cruise missile in operation. The missile can travel at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0.
  2.  The missile can zoom at a very low-cruising altitude of 10 meters at the terminal phase and can hit the target with pin-point accuracy.
  3.  BrahMos missile was first test-fired in 2001, at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur and after that, the missile is tested by DRDO more than fifty times for various platforms.
  4.  The land launched and ship-launched versions are already inducted into service with air-launched and submarine-launched versions in their final phases of the trial.

    BrahMos can travel at a low altitude of 10 meters. Wikimedia Commons
    BrahMos can travel at a low altitude of 10 meters. Wikimedia Commons
  5. DRDO is also experimenting with a hypersonic version of the missile. It is expected that the new variant could attain a speed of Mach 7.
  6.  The land-attack version of BrahMos missile has been developed in many advanced forms of Block I, Block II and Block III variants.
  7.  The trajectory and speed of missile is very unique and thus makes it very hard to detect or stopped. The BrahMos can travel at a low altitude of 10 meters and is also known as terrain hugging missile.
  8.  As per to reports, it is believed that Russia and India are aiming to produce 2000 such supersonic cruise missile in the time frame of 8-1-0 years.
  9.  BrahMos missile is very much advanced in every concept as compared to much hype US’ Tomahawk missile. BrahMos is 4 times larger than Tomahawk missile and 32 times more powerful than it.

    Recently, Brahmos missile has been integrated in India's front-line aircraft, Sukhoi 30 MKI. Wikimedia Commons
    Recently, Brahmos missile has been integrated in India’s front-line aircraft, Sukhoi 30 MKI. Wikimedia Commons
  10. DRDO has already started the work to integrate the Brahmos supersonic cruise missile on 40 Sukhoi combat aircrafts. BrahMos was successfully test-fired from Sukhoi on November 22. Sukhoi’s are counted as the most potent aircrafts in the world.