Friday, May 14, 2021
Home Lead Story IIT Mandi Invented A Method To Study Abnormal Brain Functions

IIT Mandi Invented A Method To Study Abnormal Brain Functions

The method will help locate and classify the damaged sites (lesions) in the brain, brought about by or leading to neurological diseases

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mandi have invented a method to simultaneously study the variations in nerve functions and brain blood flow associated with brain disorders such as ischemic stroke. The method will help locate and classify the damaged sites (lesions) in the brain, brought about by or leading to neurological diseases.

It is based on the fact that intricate interactions between nerve cells (neurons) and blood vessels (vasculature), called the NeuroVascular Coupling (NVC), regulates blood flow in the brain. Diseases such as ischemic stroke adversely affect the NVC. When the nerve impulses do not trigger the required blood flow, it results in NVC. Timely detection of NVC is critical for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of such diseases.

Follow NewsGram on Instagram to keep yourself updated.

Using the method, a benign electrical current is given to the brain through electrodes, and the responses of the brain in terms of nerve action and blood flow are simultaneously measured by Electroencephalography (EEG) and Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS). While EEG and NIRS are already used independently, the new prototype combines them into a single point-of-care unit to get a more accurate picture of the NVC.

Brain Functions
Diseases such as ischemic stroke adversely affect the NVC. Pixabay

The data thus obtained is fed into mathematical models to detect the problems in NVC, which can point to neurological diseases. In addition to detecting these abnormalities, this method can pinpoint the location at which the uncoupling exists, thereby providing a better handle on the problem area.

ALSO READ: Study: Modern Brains Developed More Rapidly Than Initially Assumed

The findings have been published in the IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine.

“The simultaneous assessment of nerve function and brain blood circulation would allow urgent treatment decisions to be made quickly in cases of stroke and hypertension,” Shubhajit Roy Chowdhury, Associate Professor, School of Computing & Electrical Engineering, IIT Mandi, said in a statement. The method can also help in identifying the progress of diseases such as Parkinson’s and can in fact predict the occurrence of these diseases even before showing symptoms. (IANS/SP)

STAY CONNECTED

19,509FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Rani Abbakka: The First Woman Freedom Fighter Of India

By- Khushi Bisht Rani Abbakka who is also known as Abbakka Mahadevi was the first queen of Ullal. Known for her unwavering bravery, she was...

5 Tips For Getting Through A Long-Haul Flight

By Carol Trehearn A holiday in the sun! Travel and fun have been in limited supply during the past year, so it’s understandable that many...

The Most Stylish Hollywood Mother Of The Bride Dresses

By John Miller Mothers of the bride have always held great importance in the wedding. She is always by the side of the bride, and...

Is Dental Checkup In Pandemic Safe?

Want to go for a dental checkup but afraid due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic? Take heart, according to a small study SARS-CoV-2 infection...

Here’s How A Man Turned Covid19 Crisis Into An Opportunity

Even as the Covid pandemic has battered many lives across India, some have turned this crisis into an opportunity. One such person is Farooq...

Namdhari Sect Providing Education To Slum Children

An open-air school set up by the Namdhari sect of Sikhism led by spiritual head Thakur Dalip Singh in a street of Jalandhar city...

Diets Don’t Work In The Long-term, But Lifestyle Changes Do

For decades, diet conversations globally have ranged from the simple and straightforward to elaborate and convoluted, the latter sometimes even bordering on crazy. In...

How To Choose The Right SPF

SPF known as Sun Protection Factor is an indicator of how effectively it can protect the skin from harmful sun rays. We need to...

Recent Comments