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Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday launched the Pradhan Mantri Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PMASBY) from his parliamentary constituency of Varanasi which will be one of the largest pan-India schemes to strengthen healthcare infrastructure.
The Prime Minister said that the scheme, estimated to cost Rs 64,000 crore, would make the health infrastructure self-reliant.
"Aarogya concept is needed in everyone's life. We should invest the maximum in physical and mental wellness but, sadly this was not done in the post-Independence period. Due attention was not paid and those who were in power, kept the healthcare system deprived and lacking," he said.
Modi said that the middle-class groups and the poor were the worst sufferers in the absence of adequate facilities at the grassroots level.
"This mission will solve these problems. We are focusing on hill states like Uttarakhand and Himanchal Pradesh and also the northeast. We will address the gaps," he said.
The Prime Minister said that special attention would be laid on early detection and 125 districts will have referral facilities.
Secondly, testing would also be stepped up and 730 districts will get integrated testing laboratories.
He said that research centres will also be upgraded and four new National Institute of Virology units would be set up so that the country can be ready to deal with new viral issues and the pandemic.
He said that as the health infrastructure developed, it would generate new employment opportunities too.
The Prime Minister also announced new development projects worth Rs 5,200 crore for Varanasi.
He said that in the past seven years, Kashi had undergone a change with the building of roads, ghats, bridges, parking lots, and cleaning of the Ganga and Varuna rivers.
"This could have been done earlier but the previous governments lacked political will," he said. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Pradhan Mantri Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PMASBY), Varanasi
The Supreme Court on Monday sought response from the Centre, within three days, on a plea challenging a notification for change in land use, which would deprive residents of Delhi a vast chunk of green space in the Central Vista area.
Solicitor General Tushar Mehta submitted before a bench headed by Justice A.M. Khanwilkar that he will seek instructions from the government. He added since the Prime Minister and Vice President's house is coming up there, therefore it would not be possible to have a recreational area in the vicinity.
After hearing arguments, the bench, also comprising Justice C.T. Ravikumar, posted the matter for further hearing on Friday.
The plea, filed by social activist Rajeev Suri, who had earlier challenged the project earlier citing an illegal change in land use and absence of environmental clearance, through advocate Shikhil Suri, contended that the Centre did, mala fide, issue a notification dated October 28, 2020, notifying the change in land use, which will deprive residents of Delhi a vast chunk of highly treasured open and green space in Central Vista area available for social and recreational activity.
The plea argued that this notification stands against Article 21 (Right to Life) in the right to the enjoyment of wholesome life. "Since the subject plot no 1 takes over spaces of a children's recreational park and bus terminal for public transport, heightened judicial scrutiny is required to cut through the well-disguised illegalities and infirmities to reach the violations of statutory laws," said the plea.
The plea sought the top court to issue directions to call records and quash the notification concerned issued by the Centre, through the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, and, also to prevent loss equities by staying activities such demolition of buildings, cutting of trees, excavation of land and other actions which may be irreversible.
The Central Vista redevelopment project, which covers a three-km stretch from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate in Lutyens' Delhi, at the cost of Rs 20,000 crore, where several government buildings -- including the Parliament House and ministry offices, will be rebuilt.
In January, this year, the Supreme Court had cleared the decks for the Central Vista project by upholding the environmental clearance and the notification for change in land use. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: India, Government, Central Vista, Supreme court of India.
With Diwali comes the yearly ritual of disinfectingand deep-cleaning our homes. However, your basic cleaning ritual might not be sufficient to the changing needs of the environment we live in. If the deadly viruses around us have taught anything, disinfection should be as much a goal in our regular cleaning, rather than just the basic visible cleanliness. Therefore, it becomes necessary to know the right way of cleaning and disinfectinghomes that lends itself to a responsible celebration. While we plan to welcome Goddess Lakshmi by cleaning and decorating our living spaces inside out, we should be aware of those corners that are prone to infections, diseases and require our special attention.
The R&D team at ITC Savlon, shares some tips to maximize hygiene and ensure germ-free cleaning this Diwali:
Clean your Kitchen
As the excitement builds for us to be able to open our houses to guests and have the kitchen work overtime to put out scrumptious meals, do spend a moment on considering thorough kitchen disinfection. Bear in mind that the multiple ways in which we use our home kitchen carry with it the burden of microbes that can cause infections.
A disinfection ritual will ensure that any chances of microbial contamination to your person or to the food being cooked gets eliminated. Be it organizing shelves and arranging jars, wiping the crockery cabinet, or cleaning the refrigerator, all you need is a multipurpose disinfectant and cleaner by your side. A Spray & Wipe Multipurpose disinfectant cleaner that is readily available makes the task of cleaning convenient with its dual action of cleaning and disinfection together. The added feature of a citrus fragrance also helps keep the space smelling fresh.
Spray & Wipe Multipurpose disinfectant cleaner that is readily available makes the task of cleaning convenient with its dual action of cleaning and disinfection together. | Photo by CDC on Unsplash
Refresh your Bathroom
When we spruce up our homes around Diwali, we often forget to place our bathroom hygiene on the priority list. Bathrooms are breeding corners for germs and harmful microorganisms. As we accommodate our guests for a get-together or a game of cards, let's also keep in mind that bathrooms are the second most used space by guests. It becomes crucial, therefore, to effectively clean our restrooms and keep them dry. Make sure you buy a multipurpose disinfectant to clean the floor, wipe the washbasin, and faucets, or other frequently touched areas. Add a scented candle of a fragrance diffuser with some essential oil poured in to uplift the space and leave it smelling fragrant.
When we spruce up our homes around Diwali, we often forget to place our bathroom hygiene on the priority list. | Photo by Nino Maghradze on Unsplash
Style your Living room
We often indulge in renovating your living areas just before Diwali, but there are other comparatively smaller purchases that might help you bypass an overhaul. One can brighten up living spaces with new drapes and bright-coloured cushions giving a cozy look to your favourite couch. At times, buying new furniture, sofas, etc. gets beyond budget, so indulge in fabric covers instead. They give your existing furniture a great face-lift. You could also look at rearranging the furniture placement and adding new wall art. Simple additions like this often give the entire space a new look. While you move around the furniture or add new drapes, make sure you spray them down with a surface disinfectant spray regularly since they are not washed as frequently. Spray Surface Disinfectant Spray post dusting to kill 99.9 per cent of germs. This helps you, welcome guests, to a safe environment and a quick spray after the party winds down, ensures you and your family also stay protected.
Spray Surface Disinfectant Spray post dusting to kill 99.9 per cent of germs. | Photo by Katie Pearse on Unsplash
According to WHO -- if hand hygiene is done properly this can be over 90 per cent effective in preventing the spread of harmful germs and HCAIs. So, let's ensure to keep our hand hygiene at par by washing hands regularly and wiping down doorknobs, spraying playing cards, or serviette holders with a disinfectant from time to time.
As we get excited to meet our friends, families this festive season we must be cautious while doing handshakes, exchanging high-fives etc. to control the germ transmission. | Photo by Kaffeebart on Unsplash
As we get excited to meet our friends, families this festive season we must be cautious while doing handshakes, exchanging high-fives etc. to control the germ transmission. This can be done by replacing towels with tissue papers in the guest bathroom so that no two people use the same towel. Another way is by placing hand sanitizer bottles that could be accessible for guests enabling them to use it as and when required.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Diwali, cleaning, checklist, living room, bathroom, kitchen, covid
Cinema and movie making is constantly changing, and the result is in front of us we've come a long way from silent black and white short movies to high definition, colour, 5-D movies. It has evolved for the last 108 years and continues to grow. India's first auteur-filmmaker Dhundiraj Govind Phalke popularly known as Dadasahen Phalke directed and produced India's first feature film Raja Harishchandra which was a hundred per cent made by the Indian crew. The movie was released in Bombay's (Mumbai) Coronation Theatre on the 3rd of May 1913 under the label of being India's first home production, full-length film.
Raja Harishchandra was the first to be 'acted, directed and produced by an all-Indian team. Phalke's inspiration to make a "Swadeshi" movie comes from when he viewed the silent movie, "The Life of Christ" in 1911. He wrote in Navayug, November 1917 that While the Life of Christ was rolling fast before my physical eyes, I was mentally visualizing the gods, Shri Krishna, Shri Ramachandra, their Gokul and Ayodhya… He wanted to feel the connection with the movies but that connection failed to form as the context of the movie was foreign.
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Phalke went to London the very next year to learn about filmmaking techniques. He even imported the hardware required for filmmaking to India from England, France, Germany, and the United States of America. Upon his return to India, he founded Phalke Films Company. Phalke published classified in various newspapers for the cast and crew to apply, what's unique about the film was that even the female roles were played by male actors this happened as no women were available for the role.
Phalke was a one-man crew for the production, he was in charge of writing script, direction, production design, make-up, film editing along with film processing. The filming of the whole movie took six months and 27 days.
The female roles were played by male actors in the movieWikimedia Commons
As the name itself suggests the film closely follows the story of Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra from the Vedas who is known to be the epitome of truth as maharishi Vishvamitra makes him go through numerous torturous tests to prove himself.
The story goes as Raja (King) Harishchandra was teaching his son, Rohitashva how to shoot with a bow and arrow as Queen Taramati watches over her son and husband. Later the people of the Kingdom request the king to go on a hunting expedition as the animals have been creating havoc. While on the hunt, Harishchandra hears the cries of some women. Upon following the voice Harishchnadra discovers the sage Vishwamitra was performing a yajna to get help from Triguna Shakti (three powers) against their will. After witnessing the sight Harishchandra revolts and interrupts the sage, which infuriates the egoistic sage. To calm his wrath Harishchandra offers to sacrifice his kingdom to the sage. He informs his queen of the events and the family is exiled from the kingdom by Vishvamitra. The sage asks the poor king for Dakshina within the time period of 48 days. While in exile Rohitashva meets his demise, the king asks his wife to visit Dom king in the hope of free cremation only to face more difficulties on the path Vishvamitra frames her for the murder of the prince of Kashi. Taramati faces trial, pleads guilty and is ordered to be beheaded by Harishchandra. With a torn heart but as he could not turn away from his duty, the king raises his sword to behead his wife, Lord Shiva appears, and it is revealed that all the difficulties they have been going throw were the tests laid down by Vishvamitra to test the integrity of the king, Harishchandra gets back his kingdom, his son is brought back to life and the movie ends.
A legacy of the century
Only a handful of "firsts/indigenous" movies made in India have survived the century. Raja Harishchandra being one of them still holds the same meaning and inspiration for its audience as it did a century ago. Film historian Firoze Rangoonwalla describes the film's impact on the public as "a wide impression and appealed to a large audience in different places" and its box office success provided "the seal of acceptance and laid the foundation of the film industry" in the country.
The debate over whether Raja Harishchandra is truly the first full-length Indian feature film has been argued over for decades. Some film historians claim that Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne was released in the same theatre a year before Raja Harishchandra was the maiden Indian Film. However, other historians differ they argue that Shree Pundalik is a simple cinematographic recording filmed by a British cameraman on a single fixed camera, and later processed in London. On the other hand, Raja Harishchandra was completely made in India, from cameraman to final editing of the movie. Thus, it has recognition from the government of India as the first Indian feature film.
Keywords: Filmmaking, India's first feature film, Raja Harishchandra, Dadasaheb Phalke, filmmakers in India