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Children exposed to high levels of air pollution are up to 50 per cent more likely to self-harm later in life, suggested a study that adds to evidence of link between air pollution and mental health problems. Researchers from the University of Manchester in England and Aarhus University examined 1.4million kids under 10 in Denmark and found that those exposed to a high level of nitrogen dioxide were more likely to self harm in adulthood than their peers, the Daily Mail reported.
And people in the same age group exposed to above average levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were 48 per cent more likely to subsequently self-harm, revealed the study published in the journal Preventive Medicine. Nitrogen dioxide is mainly produced by cars, while PM2.5 is mainly emitted by burning diesel and petrol, which is most commonly used for shipping and heating. These two pollutants are among those most commonly linked with causing harm to physical health, such as heart and lung diseases, by getting into the bloodstream and causing inflammation.
"Our findings add to the growing evidence-base indicating that higher levels of air pollution exposure are linked with poor mental health outcomes," lead author Dr Pearl Mok, a research fellow at Manchester University was quoted as saying. "Although air pollution is widespread, it is a modifiable risk factor and we therefore hope our study findings will inform policymakers who are devising strategies to combat this problem," Mok added.
"Our findings add to the growing evidence-base indicating that higher levels of air pollution exposure are linked with poor mental health outcomes," lead author Dr Pearl Mok | Photo by Caroline Hernandez on Unsplash
While the researchers have not explained the mechanism for how these pollutants can cause mental health problems, they say high pollution levels could trigger inflammation in the brain, leading to mental health conditions, the report said. Childhood is a 'sensitive time for brain development', so youngsters may be 'particularly susceptible' to negative effects from toxic particles in the air, they added.
Further, the team found that some 32,984 people (2.3 per cent) harmed themselves in the study period, with cases higher among women, those whose parents had mental illness and individuals from poorer families. Exposure to an average of 19 microgram/m3 or more of particulate matter each day was associated with a 48 per cent higher chance of self-harming later in life, compared to children exposed to an average of 13 microgram/m3 per day or less. And for every 5 microgram/m3 increase in exposure above 19 microgram/m3, the risk of self harm rose by 42 per cent. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: pollution, kids, exposure, pollution, self-harm, development
The Panjshir resistance has denied Talibans claim of having captured the province. "Taliban's claim of occupying Panjshir is false. The NRF forces are present in all the strategic positions across the valley to continue the fight. We assure the people of Afghanistan that the struggle against the Taliban and their partners will continue until justice and freedom prevails," the National Resistance Front (NRF) said in a tweet.
Taliban fighters have fully captured the very last holdout, Panjshir province, it has been claimed. Acting minister of culture and information and spokesperson of the Taliban, Zabiullah Mujahid said in a statement said that their efforts for the establishment of nationwide security has paid off and the province has been taken by the help of 'Allah' and the support of the people, Khaama News reported.
The defiant Panjshir province has been witnessing heavy conflicts between the Taliban and the resistance forces for the last seven days during which both sides have inflicted casualties. As per the statement, some of the resistance forces have been killed while others fled the province, the report said. "We assure the people of Panjshir not to be subject to discriminatory behavior, they are our brothers and will jointly work for the development of Afghanistan", the statement said.
In the last night's conflict in Panjshir province, a key commander of the resistance forces, General Abdul Wodod, and the spokesperson of the forces, Fahim Dashti, were killed.
Earlier, co-leader of the resistance Ahmad Masoud had offered negotiations with the Taliban that were refused by the Taliban.
Keywords: Taliban, Panjshir, Afghanistan, Culture, Development
Religious tours can script the story of sustainability and financial empowerment in local villages. This fact has been proven true by the Hare Krishna Movement in Jaipur.
The movement has been helping the locals in Vrindavan and Gokul villages to stand on their own and earn a decent livelihood, even during the pandemic when all other earning resources were shut due to Covid induced lockdown.
In the last one year, when the lockdown eased, the organisation organised a few 'yatras' to Vrindavan on request of their devotees in which strict Covid protocols and the government guidelines were followed. These religious trips did help the locals in Gokul earn money at a time when all other resources were shut.
The methodology of this spiritual organisation to engage locals is quite different as they select one community member who works as a guide, while another person shortlisted by them may elaborate about the significance of cows and help in collecting donations for their fodder which is then distributed to the community. Similarly, the other chosen members can be good storytellers.
However, at the end of the day, they all distribute their earnings among their community members, confirmed the team members.
In Vrindavan Dham, in particular, in a village-like Gokul, religious tours play a very important role for the people of Braj. The Brijwasi guides help the travellers in knowing the ancient stories, connecting the places to the mythological place and what not. In fact, these guides solely depend on donations of pilgrims and as a mark of return, they serve them selflessly. They welcome and tell about the pastimes of Lord Krishna and also serve the cows, says Mitasana Dasa, President, Hare Krishna Movement, Jaipur.
In fact, during the pandemic, the Hare Krishna Movement, Jaipur has been all busy connecting with devotees using online video conferencing applications, conducting a few yatras to Vrindavan following Covid protocols scripting the sustainability story while its NGO Akshay Patra helped the needy by serving 12 crore cumulative meals till April 30, 2021 even at a time when there was a pandemic lull at many religious places.
Now, as the Janmashtami celebration approaches near, their team is very much concerned about public health, and hence has set plans to celebrate this Janmashtami online.
"It will be broadcasted on our social media channels 'Hare Krishna Jaipur'. Also, we are requesting the public to stay at home and get online darshan. They can offer their Seva online and shall be delivered prasadam to their home, said Siddha Svarupa Das, Media Coordinator, Hare Krishna Movement Jaipur
The Janmashtami celebration is famous across the globe here.
"It is very difficult to convince people not to come to the temple on the day of Janmashtami where their devotion to Lord Krishna is high. So we are making the public aware that there will be only online darshan. In fact, even during the pandemic, we have been connecting with devotees via online meeting platforms using different online video conferencing applications like Zoom, WhatsApp, Telegram, Google meet, etc., he added further.
Meanwhile, Mitasana Dasa said, "As a part of special arrangements made by them during the pandemic to help the needy, Akshay Patra served 16.01 crore cumulative meals.
He further said, "Very few yatras have been organised in the last one year. When the government opened the lockdown, the tours were organised following the government guideline at the request of the devotees, especially for Vrindavan while keeping Covid protocols in mind.
When asked about special plan for the coming months, Mitasana Dasa said, "Devotees from all over the globe will be connected together to take a pledge to follow spirituality (Krishna Consciousness) or Bhakti Yoga a month later to celebrate Srila Prabhupada Ashrya programme on 2nd October."
(This article is originally written by Archana Sharma, IANS/PJ)
Keywords: Hare Krishna, Religion, Local growth, Development, businesses
Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday hailed UP chief minister Yogi Adityanath for taking the state to the path of development, saying that Uttar Pradesh will soon emerge as a shining example for others in time to come.
Sitharaman was on a trip to Uttar Pradesh during which she asserted that in the last four to five years a series of world-class infrastructure projects such as Purvanchal Expressway, Bundelkhand Expressway, Gorakhpur and Ballia Link Expressway and now Ganga Expressway have been initiated in the state which will take the state on the road to a 'new' Uttar Pradesh.
"The thought behind the Prime Minister's Vocal for Local is clearly reflected in the One District One Product (ODOP) scheme here," she added.
Further referring to the Uttar Pradesh Defence Corridor, she said that the state, which was known for agriculture and MSME sectors, not only showed interest in undertaking such big and important projects, but has also been executing them successfully.
Terming it as a grand success, Sitharaman credited it to the 'visionary' duo of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.
The Finance Minister was giving her views in a meeting organised for Ganga Expressway at Indira Gandhi Pratishthan on Saturday.
Appreciating the Yogi government for giving 'meaningful' direction to the government policies, she said that the promptness and success with which the schemes of the central government have been implemented in the state is an example for others.
The meeting, chaired by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, was to find ways how to raise finances for the Ganga Expressway project.
In the meeting, Managing Director & CEO, Punjab National Bank, S.S. Mallikarjuna Rao handed over the Rs 5,100 crore loan sanction letter to the state government for the project.
The Chief Minister said that the Ganga Expressway, which will be built from Meerut to Prayagraj, would be the backbone of the Uttar Pradesh economy.
Yogi said that the Finance Minister, in her Union Budget 2021-22 speech, had articulated the broad concept of National Infrastructure Pipeline and National Monetisation Pipeline, emphasising on the development of necessary infrastructure for coordinated development in different parts of the country.
"In order to mobilize the required financial resources for the infrastructure projects, the Union Finance Minister had suggested the method of monetization. Taking the concept forward, the Uttar Pradesh government has finalised the process of securitisation based loans from banks as a part of raising finances for Ganga Expressway," the Chief Minister noted.
State Finance Minister Suresh Khanna said that the state government has added many new dimensions in the field of all-round industrial development of the state in the last four years.
Keywords: UP, economy, sitharaman, yogi adityanath