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Dementia is among the top causes of death and disability around the world. Pixabay

Employing cardiovascular disease prevention strategies in mid-life may delay or stop the brain alterations that can lead to dementia in later life, a new study suggests. The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that atherosclerosis in mid-life can impact areas of the brain impacted by dementia.

Atherosclerosis, or buildup of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in and on artery walls, is the underlying cause of most cardiovascular diseases, which is the leading cause of death around the world. Dementia is also among the top causes of death and disability around the world, with 50 million people currently living with dementia, according to the researchers from the American College of Cardiology.

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Reduced muscular strength, which can be measured by handgrip strength, has consistently been linked to early death, cardiovascular disease and disability. Unsplash

A study that measured the muscular hand grip strength of 776 men and women without a history of diabetes over a 20-year period has found that a simple test such as the strength of hand grip could be used as a quick, low-cost screening tool to help identify patients at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

In the 779 study subjects, the risk of type 2 diabetes was reduced by around 50 per cent for every unit increase in hand grip strength value, said scientists at the universities of Bristol and Eastern Finland in a paper published in the journal Annals of Medicine.

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Bbisphosphonates is a class of drugs that prevent the loss of bone density and used to treat osteoporosis. Pixabay

Researchers have found that — bisphosphonates — a class of drugs that prevent the loss of bone density and used to treat osteoporosis and similar diseases, appear to be safe and beneficial for osteoarthritis patients.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and a leading cause of disability worldwide with more than 300 million sufferings with the condition, yet there are no effective treatments to stop the disease or its progression.

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Activists are provided with accessible information to people with disabilities, diverting a percentage of PM Cares fund towards disability empowerment, redirecting CSR funds towards healthcare and skill-building, and promoting digitization and e-learning. Pixabay

Often reliant on a robust caregiving and support network, people with disabilities (PwDs) are a community hit hard during the lockdown and resulting operational slowdown – impacting jobs, businesses, and livelihood.

Dr. Jitender Aggarwal, a practicing dentist who turned disability rights activist when he gradually lost vision to macular degeneration of retina in 2004, says that for PwDs, challenges are aplenty during the pandemic.

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