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The regions of Kasargod, Udupi, and Mangaluru comprise Tulunadu

Like Konkani, Tulu is a language that is spoken in parts of Karnataka and Kerala. The people who speak this language are called Tuluvas, and in the southernmost region, they are known as Thigalayas. Among many dialects that Karnataka and Kerala are known for, Tulu makes up for a large part of the linguistic population, but still remains a linguistic minority because it has not been included in the Constitution's 8th schedule.

Tulu is believed to be one of the most linguistically developed languages among scholars. It does not have a script, like Konkani, as native speakers make do with Kannada and Malayalam scripts. The differences in sound and form are identifiable only to those who form what is known as Tulu Nadu.

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The first few verses of St. John's Gospel in the Goan Catholic Konkani Bible, in Roman script

Spoken widely along the Konkan coast of India, Konkani is a language that is hard to pick up but easy to understand. It is one of the South Indian languages that have survived since before the Portuguese influence in India and has developed into its different dialects over the years.

Originally believed to have been spoken by the Kukna and Gamit tribes of Western India, Konkani was adopted by the Goans. From here, through trade and other interactions, it travelled all the way to the tip of Kerala. Native speakers have incorporated the dialects spoken along the way, and now it is a language that is understood by most people because of how the similarity in words.

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A Malayali wearing a two-piece Mundu set made of kasavu fabric

Every part of South India changes colour on Onam and Vishu when Malayalis begin their celebrations. They cannot be missed for they decorate themselves in subtle shades of gold and white, and dot the streets in their traditional attire.

The white kerala saree, known as kasavu, has a rather interesting history. It grew to prominence when the Portuguese reached India, and began trade. Gold was exchanged for spices, and women began to incorporate gold into their sarees. The white part of the kasavu is believed to be inspired by the Greco-Roman one-piece, also known as 'toga' or 'palmyrene'.In Ravi Verma's paintings, the Malayali woman is visibly very similar to the European contemporary when she is decked in her adornments.

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Kalaripayattu artists practicing on the coast

The world of martial arts has been dominated by the Far Eastern nations, and words like kung fu and karate, immediately create a mental image of Asian men with long hair, white robes, and flexible bodies flying through the air. These arts, although completely assimilated by the Asian cultures, originated in India. Like Buddhism, which is the foundational religion that the principles of martial arts are derived from, the actual art form itself made its way from South India, where it was practiced for many years.

Kerala is known predominantly for coconuts, toddy, boats, and communism. It is also the house of Ayurveda, and Kalaripayattu. Kalaripayattu has become a dance form that is performed at festivals and in cultural programmes, but it began as a medieval fighting technique that was kept a secret among the warrior caste of Kerala, the Nairs.

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