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Indian Origin Researcher part of Team that developed Automated Robotic Drill, will perform Surgery in 2.5 minutes

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New York, May 1, 2017: A computer-driven automated drill that could perform a type of complex cranial surgery 50 times faster — decreasing the operating time from two hours to 2.5 minutes — has been developed by researchers, including one of the Indian-origin.

A translabyrinthine surgery is performed to expose slow-growing, benign tumours that form around the auditory nerves.

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For such complex surgeries, surgeons typically use hand drills to make intricate openings, adding hours to a procedure and may also increase the risks of loss of facial movement.

However, the new automated machine replaces hand drills to produce fast, clean, and safe cuts, reducing the time the wound is open and the patient is anesthetised, thereby decreasing the incidence of infection, human error, and surgical cost.

“I was interested in developing a low-cost drill that could do a lot of the grunt work to reduce surgeon fatigue,” said A.K. Balaji, Associate Professor at the University of Utah in the US.

The drill, which could play a pivotal role in future surgical procedures like hip implants, was developed from scratch to meet the needs of the neurosurgical unit, as well as developed software that sets a safe cutting path, the researchers said in the paper reported in the journal Neurosurgical Focus.

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First, the patient is imaged using a CT scan to gather bone data and identify the exact location of sensitive structures, such as nerves and major veins and arteries that must be avoided. Surgeons use this information to programme the cutting path of the drill.

In addition, the surgeon can programme safety barriers along the cutting path within 1 mm of sensitive structures.

If the drill gets too close to the facial nerve and irritation is monitored during surgery, the drill automatically turns off. (IANS)

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Facebook Hires A Team To Find Troubles Before They Arise

The group is called "Investigative Operations Team"

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Facebook has hired a team of ex-intelligence officers, researchers and media buyers to find the worst possible things that can be done using the platform and to help the company prevent them.

The group is called “Investigative Operations Team” and is testing the company’s advertising systems, pages, Instagram, Messenger and more, BuzzFeed News reported on Saturday.

The team is searching for troubling behaviour, examining keywords and other signals that could be used to promote violence. It is also investigating Facebook’s merchant tools, attempting to spot problematic product sales.

“What we have now is a series of people who are truly looking for how could you possibly do something wrong,” said Lynda Talgo, the Facebook Business Integrity Director.

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facebook, Pixabay

“Their entire job is to look forward and figure out what’s coming around the corner,” she added.

Facebook’s creation of this team is the latest sign of an ongoing mindset shift among Silicon Valley’s giants who are realising they can’t simply assume the best of their users and must prepare for the worst behaviour imaginable.

Also read: Your Time On Facebook’ May Soon be Monitored

Google has set up an “Intelligence Desk” at YouTube which is meant to detect controversial content before it mushrooms into crisis. (IANS)