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Probiotics may significantly improve the symptoms of pregnancy-related nausea, vomiting and constipation, finds a new study.
The study, published in the journal Nutrients, showed that nausea hours (the number of hours participants felt nauseous) were reduced by 16 per cent, and the number of times they vomited was reduced by 33 per cent.
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Probiotic intake also significantly improved symptoms related to the quality of life, such as fatigue, poor appetite and difficulty maintaining normal social activities, as scored by questionnaires.
"The cause of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is unknown to this date. Various theories have been proposed, but none of them is conclusive," said lead author Albert T. Liu from the University of California, Davis.
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"Nausea, vomiting and constipation during pregnancy can significantly diminish the quality of patients' lives. Once nausea and vomiting during pregnancy progress, they can become difficult to control, and sometimes the patient even needs to be hospitalized," Liu added.
For the study, the team involved a small yet significant number of participants who took a probiotic capsule twice a day for six days and then took two days off. They then repeated the cycle.
The team found that probiotics were also found to reduce constipation significantly.Unsplash
The probiotics were available over-the-counter and mainly contained Lactobacillus., a type of good bacteria. Each capsule contained approximately 10 billion live cultures at the time of manufacture.
Participants kept 17 daily observations of their symptoms during the duration of the study, for a total of 535 observations for the researchers to statistically assess.
The team found that probiotics were also found to reduce constipation significantly.
Another finding was that vitamin E levels increased after taking probiotics. Higher levels of vitamin E were associated with low vomiting scores. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : probiotics, pregnancy, nausea, vomiting, nutrients, symptoms, fatigue, appetite, constipation, vitamin.)
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By Lalchawimawi Sanate
Pregnancy is joyful and a blessing. Women experience many changes in their body during the course of a pregnancy. Morning sickness, lathery, vomiting, fatigue, gradual weight gain, swelling on their feet, ache and pains on muscles and joints. Things which one could do easily do without any help before becoming pregnant, can become a difficult task post pregnancy, this changes gives a lot of stress to a pregnant women. Stress can be brought on by things like submitting reports before deadline, organising the household, job changes, financial burden etc. these can become overwhelming during pregnancy.
Pregnancy related stress can be due to:
>Physical body changes due to pregnancy.
>Dealing their pregnancy with complication like bleeding in the 1st Trimester, severe hyperemesis, need for bed rest during early pregnancy.
>Fear for miscarriage.
>Worried about Baby's wellbeing inside the womb.
>Fear of Childbirth and worried if she can take good care of baby.
>Previously anxiety or Depression issues.
Pregnancy related stress can be due to a various of reasons including physical changes due to pregnancy. | Photo by Elisa Ventur on Unsplash
Effect of Stress during Pregnancy on a Woman and her unborn child:
Stress during Pregnancy can have a lot of unwanted effects on a mother and baby. Maternal stress is also associated with maternal high blood pressure, fetal Low Birth weight and Preterm birth. Lilliecreutz, C., Laren, J., Sydsjo, G. et al. Effect of maternal stress during pregnancy on the risk for preterm birth. Concluded that Approximately 20 percent of the preterm birth in the study were estimated to be due to maternal stress exposure during pregnancy as an attributed risk. Identifying the stressor or the cause of stress is important to reducestress during pregnancy.
* Overall simple things which can help reduce stress are as follows :
>Attending regular antenatal exercise session: Regular antenatal exercise helps in maintaining healthy weight gain, stronger muscles, gives you more confidence, reduces pregnancy related musculoskeletal complains. Exercise improve your mood due to secretion of hormone called Endorphin, it induces relaxation and helps you sleep better
Regular antenatal exercise helps in maintaining healthy weight gain, stronger muscles, gives you more confidence, reduces pregnancy related musculoskeletal complains. | Flickr
>Having a good support system, family or close friends where you can share your doubts and fear.
>Attend Childbirth Education Classes with your childbirth partner - A childbirth partner can be your best friend, sister, mother or your husband. Childbirth Education helps pregnant women to approach Pregnancy, Childbirth, post-delivery and new born care with confidence with the information and support given on Childbirth Education Classes
A childbirth partner can be your best friend, sister, mother or your husband. | Photo by Icons8 Team on Unsplash
>Try new hobbies or engage in your favourite activity: By starting new hobbies like sewing, cross-stitch, crochet, baking, reading, writing etc will also help you more connected with your baby and new hobbies are good distraction from your stress and worries.
By starting new hobbies like sewing, cross-stitch, crochet, baking, reading, writing etc will also help you more connected with your baby. | Photo by Imani on Unsplash
>Attending Antenatal Childbirth Education class helps a Women by reducing stress and dealing with pregnancy: Lamaze childbirth Education is one of the renowned and widely appreciated worldwide. Lamaze has been in this world for 6 decades. Evolving with latest evidence base research. The goal of Lamaze is to give women confidence on their ability to give birth naturally.
Why attending Lamaze childbirth Education class is important:
In Lamaze Class you will learn new interesting things about pregnancy, labor and post-delivery care. Learning how to connect with your baby and partner. Helps you understand, learn and discover the simple way to cope labor, techniques like positioning, relaxation, movements, massage, breathing, tension release, visualization and use of simple tools. Lamaze class gives you time to address and discuss the different types fear and concerns - addressing fear and anxiety during the class aids in understanding. A childbirth educator will answer with evidence based research findings .They have been trained on how to address your fears and doubts. Women who discuss their fears and concern have more confidence during pregnancy and their labour.
In Lamaze Class you will learn new interesting things about pregnancy, labor and post-delivery care. | Flickr
Fun learning about new born care and the role of partner after the delivery for better bonding with your baby and debunking myths about pregnancy and childbirth are all collectively discussed. Lamaze Childbirth education class can be in a group, individualized session, off line or online interactive class. Class can be 1-2 hrs, once in a week or twice in a week, for a month. It can be 6 hours of 2 days class. Childbirth Education is encouraged in the third trimester, but it's wise to attend the sessions from the 2nd Trimester. With all the information and interactive sessions a pregnant women can address her worries and learn how to relax for a healthy pregnancy.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: childbirth, pregnancy, education, depression, lamaze childbirth education, class
By Dr. Vanshika Gupta Adukia
37 or 38 weeks pregnant, the finishing line seems so close yet so far. As one inches closer to their due date, often patience runs out and you may be ready to try everything possible to help induce labour naturally. Most women choose to speed things up naturally with food choices. Some look at these food groups as old wives' tales since there is limited evidence to prove these are hundred per cent successful in aiding labour.
- Red Raspberry Leaf
Since raspberry leaves can increase the frequency of Braxton hick's contractions, it is recommended to consume these past 34 weeks. | Wikimedia Commons
- Unripe Papaya
The orange and ripe papaya although thought to be prohibited in pregnancy can actually be consumed occasionally in moderation and is no longer considered harmful for pregnant women. However, it is the green unripe and raw papaya that contains latex, which is believed to have properties similar to that of the hormone oxytocin (released during labour for uterine contractions) For this reason, unripe papaya is often a food choice amongst pregnant women who are naturally trying to induce labour during their last couple of days of gestation.
Unripe papaya is often a food choice amongst pregnant women who are naturally trying to induce labour during their last couple of days of gestation. | Pixabay
Pineapple is yet another fruit that is generally avoided by most pregnant women during pregnancy. Unfortunately, not many seem to know why this norm is popular. Pineapple contains an enzyme known as bromelain which is believed to cause cervical ripening. Cervical ripening is the first step towards cervical dilation which could eventually lead to labour. It is believed that the highest concentration of bromelain is present in the core of the pineapple. Pineapple is therefore consumed by pregnant women often in the last weeks of pregnancy in a bid to aid cervical ripening.
Pineapple is consumed by pregnant women often in the last weeks of pregnancy in a bid to aid cervical ripening. | Photo by Vino Li on Unsplash
- Date Fruit
It is believed that dates can help with the process of cervical ripening while also improving the spontaneity of labour & reducing the chances of postpartum haemorrhage. Studies have revealed that those who consume dates in their third trimester have a shorter first stage of labour and a quicker rate of cervical dilation. It must also be kept in mind that although dates are high in fibre, they do contain high levels of sugar and are therefore to be avoided in cases of gestational diabetes or for those who have a yeast infection in pregnancy (yeast feeds of sugar).
It is believed that dates can help with the process of cervical ripening. | Photo by engin akyurt on Unsplash
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Food, induce, labor, natural, Date Fruit, Pineapple, Unripe Papaya, Red Raspberry Leaf
Contracting Covid-19 infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature birth by 60 per cent. The study, led by researchers from the University of California-San Francisco, showed that pregnant women who test positive for virus were more likely to deliver their baby 37 weeks or earlier, the Daily Mail reported.
Researchers also found that Asian women (240 per cent more likely to give birth very preterm) and American Indian women (170 per cent more likely to give birth preterm) were most likely to experience a premature birth.
However, the biological reason why Covid can cause preterm births is not known yet. The study, published in The Lancet Regional Health, included data from more than 240,000 birth from July 2020 to January 2021. Nearly 9,000 women had tested positive for the virus at some point during their pregnancy, while the rest made up a control group, the report said.
Some even had very preterm births, in which a baby is born less than 32 weeks into pregnancy. The risk of preterm or early term delivery after Covid infection was between 10 per cent and 40 per cent, the report said. Diabetes and obesity also increased the risk of premature birth.
Premature birth could have many long and short term negative effects on a child, including cognitive issues, cerebral palsy and underdeveloped organs.
The team urged pregnant women to get vaccinated against Covid-19 to potentially prevent giving birth prematurely.(IANS/TI)